When Anangu look at the landscape they pay close attention to its landforms, soils, plants, animals, water supply and fire history. They know how to use plants, can read animal tracks and understand the significance of weather changes. Their knowledge comes from the Tjukurpa along with the responsibility to care for the land and its wildlife.
Anangu divide the landscape into six habitat types. These are puli (rocky areas), karu (creek-lines), puti (acacia scrubland, often stony foothills), pila (spinifex plains), tali (sand dunes) and nyaru (burnt or regenerating areas).
The park supports vegetation ranging from eucalypt woodlands to spinifex grasslands. Unlike the less arid parts of Australia where eucalypts dominate the landscape, the most common type of trees in the park are acacias.
What ecoregion is Uluru in?
There are 14 defined terrestrial ecoregions across the globe. Eight of these exist in Australia. Uluru is part of the deserts and xeric shrublands ecoregion. Find out more about Australia’s ecoregions.
What bioregion is Uluru in?
The Great Sandy Desert bioregion. Find out more about Australia’s bioregions.
What International Union for Conservation of Nature category is Uluru managed under?
Uluru is managed as an IUCN category two national park. Find out more on IUCN categories