Legislation

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government's central piece of environmental legislation. It provides a legal framework to protect and manage nationally and internationally important flora, fauna, ecological communities and heritage places defined in the Act as matters of national environmental significance.

Specifically, the EPBC Act aims to:

  • conserve Australia? biodiversity
  • protect biodiversity internationally by controlling the international movement of wildlife
  • provide a streamlined environmental assessment and
  • approvals process where matters of national environmental significance are involved
  • protect our world and national heritage
  • promote ecologically sustainable development.

The EPBC Act contains an extensive regime for the conservation of biodiversity including provisions dealing with: