Temperate Highland Peat Swamps on Sandstone

Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2005

Nationally threatened species and ecological communities information sheet

About the fact sheet

The Temperate Highland Peat Swamps on Sandstone are temporary or permanent swamps in the Blue Mountains, Lithgow, Southern Highlands and Bombala regions. They include the:

  • Blue Mountains Swamps;
  • Butler's Swamp;
  • Jackson's Bog (also known as Mila Swamp);
  • Newnes Plateau Swamps;
  • Paddy's River Swamps (also known as Hanging Rock, Long, Mundego and Stingray Swamps);
  • Wildes Meadow Swamp; and
  • Wingecarribee Swamp.

The Temperate Highland Peat Swamps all occur on sandstone and share similar vegetation. Sphagnum bogs and fens occupy the wetter parts while sedge and shrub associations occur in the drier parts of the swamps. Some, like the Blue Mountains Swamps, are hanging swamps that are prominent on steep valley sides, where water exits the ground between sandstone and claystone layers of rock. Other swamps, like Wingecarribee Swamp, occur in natural depressions or along watercourses.

A variety of native plants and animals make their homes in the Temperate Highland Peat Swamps. These include the nationally endangered Blue Mountains Water Skink, Giant Burrowing Frog and Wingecarribee Leek Orchid. The Giant Dragonfly, which is threatened in NSW, also occurs in this ecological community.