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Joint Media Release
Commonwealth Minister for the Environment and Heritage
Dr David Kemp
Commonwealth Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
Warren Truss
South Australian Minister for Environment and Conservation
John Hill
South Australian Minister for Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
Paul Holloway

25 November 2002

$20 million for salinity and water quality projects in South Australia

South Australia will receive a further $20 million from the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality for projects tackling salinity and water quality issues in the region.

The funding was jointly announced today by the Commonwealth Minister for Environment, Dr David Kemp and the Agriculture Minister, Warren Truss, together with the South Australian Minister for Environment and Conservation, John Hill, and Minister for Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Paul Holloway.

"The National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality is about Australian governments and local communities working together to manage and improve salinity and water quality across Australia," Dr Kemp said.

"Salinity and water quality are two of the most significant environmental issues facing Australia.

"The Commonwealth's Natural Heritage Trust and the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality represent the biggest investment in natural resource management in Australia's history.

"Today's $20 million announcement builds on $15 million announced last year for five regional groups in the Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, Lower Murray, South East, and Northern and Yorke Agricultural Districts," Dr Kemp said.

Mr Truss said that the Commonwealth and South Australia are jointly spending $186 million through the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality over seven years.

"Today's funding is being provided in advance of the formal accreditation process of regional plans for the State's priority regions. This will ensure work on existing projects continues or crucial projects are able to get underway without delay.

"The funding of projects follows a rigorous assessment process. This includes advice from an independent panel with expert representatives from salinity and water quality areas, biodiversity, agriculture, indigenous issues and local government.

"Both Governments will make further joint investments in major projects delivering salinity and water quality benefits in South Australia, following the accreditation of regional plans," Mr Truss said.

Some of the major projects being funded under this round include:

Mount Lofty Ranges More than $3.2 million is being provided to ensure the group is able to finalise the development of an INRM plan for the region and to implement on ground works such as the Mypolonga Watercourse Restoration and Waterproofing Adelaide projects, water quality projects in the Fleurieu Peninsula revegetation works and work in the Bremer Barker catchment aimed at reducing salinity, improving water quality and protecting biodiversity.

Kangaroo Island $725,700 to continue development of an INRM plan for the Island and on ground works for clay spreading to address salinity. Funds are also provided to develop a water management plan leading to sustainable use of the region water resources while maintaining the diverse biodiversity or the area.

Lower Murray Over $12.8 million will be provided to progress rehabilitation of the Lower Murray reclaimed irrigation areas, to further planning and implement on ground works for salt interception in Chowilla, Loxton and Lock 4 to Bookpurnong, a management program for the Coorong and Lakes Alexandrina and Albert wetlands. Foundation funding will also assist the INRM group to finalise its INRM plan and implement the on-ground works.

South East $2.5 million is provided to assist the region to complete the region's INRM plan, to investigate and promote control methods for rising groundwater salinity in the Padthaway and to continue on-ground works to reduce the critical issues of flooding in the Upper South East.

Northern and Yorke Agricultural Districts $748,500 to better understand threats to natural resources in the region including the threat to small groundwater basins caused by increasing irrigation and the growing population and the impact of land use on stream flows in the Willochra Catchment. This will enable the region to finalise an INRM plan and effectively target on-ground works to complement those currently underway.

A full list of projects and more information about the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality are available at:

Media Contacts:
Dr Kemp's office: Catherine Job (02) 6277 7640 or 0418 221 433
Mr Truss's office: Tim Langmead (02) 6277 7520 or 0408 648 400

List of Projects

Kangaroo Island - $725,700

Foundation funding for Kangaroo Island - $161,700
This project will ensure that the Kangaroo Island Natural Resources Board can develop its the INRM Plan, investment strategy and other associated action plan.

Salinity and water quality management through management of water repellent sands - $102,600
This funding will accelerate existing on-ground works. The project builds on existing plans and programs that have highlighted strategic areas for attention and identified methodologies.
There is about 10,000 ha of saltland on Kangaroo Island, increasing at an estimated 3% per year which is a major impediment for sustainable land use and biodiversity conservation. Water repellent sands occur on 20% of total farmland and aligns closely with major areas of salinity with a strong correlation between water repellent sands, salinity and water quality decline. Water repellant sands contribute significantly to rising water tables through underground recharge and are unable to store nutrients. They also increase water run off which causes increased sedimentation and nutrient loads in rivers and streams. Salinity issues to be tackled through clay-spreading on water repellant sands to increase ability of soil to store nutrients and moisture to support vegetation. Water quality is also enhanced through the claying of water repellent sands to reduce nutrient leaching and soil loss.

Supporting capacity of community groups to deliver regional projects - $85,000
The project will increase the capacity of Kangaroo Island Natural Resources Board and community groups on Kangaroo Island to develop and implement the water and salinity management components of the regional integrated natural resource management plan. It will assist the community in ensuring its plans are technically sound and feasible, that its regional targets and action plans are realistic, and its education and training programs are appropriate.Tools to assist in monitoring the progress of the implementation strategies will also be developed.

Assessment and monitoring of Kangaroo Island's surface and ground water resources - $376,400
Develop a water management plan for sustainable use of Kangaroo Island's water resources. There is a need for researching water demands on the island, understanding the relationship of increasing salinity and deteriorating water quality and the subsequent impacts upon the ecological environment. This projects aims to provide sound water management planning and develop a rigorous framework to evaluate water resource condition monitoring and management and consult with key stakeholders and the community.

Northern and York Agricultural Districts - $748,500

Foundation funding - $225,000
The project will fund staff and will contribute to the consultation process for the draft regional plan and development of an investment strategy for the region.

Small groundwater basins risk assessment - $56,500
The trend towards irrigated agriculture to increase crop yields poses a potential threat to a number of the smaller groundwater basins throughout the NandYAD. Areas that may be at risk include Booborowie, Brady Creek, Burra Creek, Walloway and Willochra Basin and Spring Creek. Also the West Coast of Yorke Peninsula has increasingly become a popular holiday destination with more holiday homes being established. Two smaller groundwater supplies Para Wurlie and Carribe basin provide some potable supplies to the nearby townships. In other localities along the west coast of Yorke Peninsula there are some discrete groundwater supplies that may be utilised by nearby shack owners. These resources need to be identified to prevent possible over development and ultimate failure of the resource. This project will be undertaken for the NandYAD INRM Group by the SA Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation.

Detailed catchment planning in the Northern and York Agricultural Districts - $75,000
The project will undertake detailed catchment plans in three priority areas that will be selected from areas identified through the regional planning process. While dryland salinity has been identified as a significant issue, more detailed planning to provide a sound basis for management needs to be undertaken.

Mapping seagrass changes on the west coast of Yorke Peninsula - $25,000
Comparison of aerial seagrass surveys from Corny Point to Port Broughton will be used to assess potential stresses on aquatic ecosystems. Seagrasses provide important habitats for marine life and play a key role in trapping and recycling sand in coastal processes and are sensitive indicators of environmental stress, particularly nutrients, sediments and toxicants. Mapping seagrass from aerial photos will identify changes to seagrass beds. The technique is cost effective, and incorporates digitalising results from historical photographs of the west coast of the Yorke Peninsula.

Willochra catchment hydrological assessment and threat analysis - $42,000
Anecdotal evidence suggests that water use may already be impacting on stream dependant ecosystems by reducing streamflow and increasing salinity in Willochra Creek but available data about water quantity and quality is limited. This project will quantify the condition of the river and identify threats to the maintenance of the ecological resources. Stage one of the project will analyse existing hydrological information, and existing stream and rainfall gauging on Willochra Creek, and assess the impact of land use on stream flow. Geographic information systems will be developed to identify locations and storage capacity of farm dams in the catchment. Stage two will include a preliminary ecological assessment, drawing on results of streamflow information, and identifying ecological assets at risk.

Assessment of biodiversity assets at risk - $325,000
The Northern MLR/Mid North and Yorke Peninsula have been extensively cleared in the last 150 years, but many remnants of their original natural vegetation remain. However, with the exception of the southern tip of Yorke Peninsula, these remnants are small and fragmented and require significant investment to arrest substantial decline in biodiversity integrity. Changes in salinity and water quality pose a major threat. Project will sample sites throughout the area to determine the impact on biodiversity. Existing data and new biological survey data will examine how adequate the existing Government reserve and private conservation network is. It will also be possible to accurately identify priority areas for remedial work and recommendations for additional investment to conserve biodiversity.

South East - $2,596,900

Foundation funding for the south east region of South Australia - $295,800
Foundation funding is required to resource the regional integrated natural resource management group (SENRCC) to continue consultation and development of a regional plan. The provision of base level administrative and professional support will also provide a 'shop front' to the south east regional community. Activities will include a communication program, technical analysis, gap filling, map production, circulation of plans, and preparation of an investment strategy.

Fingers on the pulse - determining outcomes and justifying investment in natural resource management - $140,000
Monitoring and evaluation is critical to long term natural resource management. The draft south east integrated natural resource management plan currently specifies three monitoring and evaluation outcomes, including a comprehensive regional strategy, specifying roles and responsibilities of region, State and Commonwealth, and developing capacity for appropriate collection and interpretation of monitoring data. A 12 month partnership will be formed with the South East Resource Information Centre for data access and a steering committee will work on communications with key stakeholders and streamline processes.

Padthaway: Salt accession investigations and determination of sustainable extraction limits - $500,000
Groundwater salinity is increasing as a result of salt accession resulting from irrigation recycling, and by mobilisation of historic salt store caused by native vegetation clearance. The Padthaway area is a long established and important irrigation district, producing vines, vegetables, various seed and pasture crop. The total area irrigated is about 8,700 ha, and currently has vines planted on about 3,200 ha. The groundwater for irrigation is sourced from a high yielding unconfined aquifer which occurs at a shallow depth through the main irrigation area. The monitoring of groundwater quality shows increases in average groundwater salinity of about 600 mg/L over last 25 years, from about 800 mg/L to 1,400 mg/L. The increase threatens long-term viability of some irrigation developments in parts of Padthaway prescribed wells area. This projects will identify what are sustainable levels of groundwater use in the prescribed wells area and the magnitude of salt accession to unconfined aquifer.

Upper south east community support for recharge control - $1,661,100
This project will promote recharge control methods and increase awareness of dryland salinity and biodiversity conservation issues in the upper south east by providing technical and planning support to landholders. Financial incentives will directly stimulate landholder participation in activities to address these issues. Methods include: media promotions, field days and landholder workshops. Baseline data collected at selected strategic sites to assist in measuring project outcomes. Incentives and technical support include: protecting remnant vegetation, protecting and enhancing natural wetlands, native reveg (windbreaks), establishing salt tolerant and perennial pastures (puccinellia, tall wheat grass, dryland lucerne), establishing fodder shrubs (tagasaste, saltbush), and clay spreading on non-wetting sands. Incentives will complement current NHT projects. Prioritisation be based on strategic value for recharge control and/or biodiversity conservation. Clay spreading and pasture funding is conditional on landholders having a whole-farm plan, including other nrm activities such as biodiversity conservation works.

Lower Murray - $12,837,200

Foundation Funding for the Integrated Natural Resouce Management group for the South Australian Murray Darling Inc - $360,000
Foundation funding will support regional integrated natural resource management groups for the rollout of the regional natural resource management plan, especially in relation to salinity and water quality activities. Activities will include community engagement, development and implementation of the natural resource management and investment plans, and a community support strategy.

Water quality and use improvement for the Lower Murray through irrigation restructuring and rehabilitation - Year 2 -$4,285,000
This is the second year of activities essential to the longer-term rehabilitation of an area that is critical to Adelaide's water supply and the project will progress the second year of on-ground works to rehabilitate the Lower Murray reclaimed irrigation areas. It will begin the restructuring phase of the rehabilitation program, assess best practice in irrigation which includes benchmark monitoring of water quality and water use efficiency, establish irrigator self-management arrangements and complete the redesign plan coverage for the balance of the irrigation areas.

Riverland ramsar management plan - $100,000
Funding will be used to develop and implement a Ramsar management plan for the Riverland Ramsar site. The plan forms an integral component of the Chowilla environmental enhancement strategy, which is in the early stages of development. Development of the plan will include an intensive environmental investigation into the physical impacts of salinity and flow management affecting the wetland.

Implementation of the Coorong, and Lakes Alexandrina and Albert Ramsar management plan - $360,100
The Coorong and Lakes Alexandrina and Albert are listed wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, which recognises its worldwide importance of the area as waterbird habitats, such as migratory waders and waterfowl, and as a drought refuge. The project will raise awareness of Ramsar issues with key stakeholders. It will identify and rehabilitate wetland habitats of the Coorong and Lower Lakes floodplain in the Ramsar area and include Ngarrindjeri involvement.

Accelerated evaluation of salt interception options in South Australia - $2,848,000
This funding will continue initiatives to accelerate and implement salt mitigation policy options, investigations, and infrastructure construction commenced in previous priority project. A range of policy and accountability options will be developed to define salinity accountability obligations at Government, community and irrigator levels and provide improved baseline information. Work will include further investigations and options development for potential salt interception schemes at three main sites (Chowilla, Loxton and Lock 4 to Bookpurnong) and continue construction of Lock 4 to Bookpurnong salt interception scheme.

Accelerated evaluation of salt interception options in South Australia - stage 2 - $108,500
The management of River Murray salinity in South Australia will require the collection and disposal (possibly including harvesting or reuse) of an additional 1,000 tonnes of salt per day over the next 20-50 years, as identified in the Murray Darling Basin Management Commission's salinity audit 1999. A strategic approach to the disposal of saline groundwater will ensure an orderly rollout of engineering schemes to meet salinity targets.

Salinity response team - Riverine - Stage 2 - $420,000
The salinity response team strategy provides expert knowledge to regional integrated natural resource management groups, community groups and landholders. Assistance includes helping with the development of technically sound plans and targets for salinity and water quality outcomes, and ensuring that economic, environmental and social considerations are incorporated in plans. The salinity response team assists community groups identify and implement on-ground strategies via community education and action.

Maintaining the momentum - $1,463,000
The project builds on the momentum for change among landholders, building on on-ground works to address a range of natural resource management issues in priority locations with a major focus on biodiversity. The maintenance of extensive community involvement and being able to offer financial incentives and technical advice are opportunities to engage community in change processes. On-ground action is a key regional factor for increasing awareness within communities about natural resource management issues. The project will assist landholders evaluate and implement options to address natural resource management issues, such as dryland salinity, recharge, soil erosion, watercourse management and biodiversity. The project supports a co-ordinated approach to implementation including skills, experience, resources and achievement of economies of scale and efficiencies in processes and enhancing partnerships with community and state agencies, statutory bodies and Local Government.

Coordinating monitoring and evaluation in the South Australian Murray-Darling Basin - $280,000
The integrated natural resource management plan and the River Murray salinity strategy recognise that decisions be made on the best available information and science. This project will deliver a targeted monitoring and evaluation audit of natural resource management strategies at State, catchment and local levels. Work will identify issues and monitoring and evaluation gaps. It will refine indicators, identify baseline data, determine roles and responsibilities and communicate results to develop a coordinated monitoring and evaluation strategy. The project will also support feasibility of a Resource Information Centre (RIC) with regional capacity for access, use and management of data and information and build on existing water monitoring partnerships.

On-ground assistance to achieve irrigation efficiency in the South Australian Murray-Darling Basin - $186,300
This project will improve irrigation water use efficiency by providing education and awareness programs. The programs will encourage the adoption of improved on-farm irrigation management practices. Irrigation will be provided with the opportunity to gain skills and training in all aspects of irrigation management via courses, 'floating flag' test wells to monitor perched water tables and drainage past the root zone, soil moisture monitoring systems to effectively schedule irrigations, and on-farm assistance to apply irrigation best management practice. The project was developed through a community-identified need to improve irrigation water use efficiency and has been implemented for previous two years with significant community participation and support. Project continuation will continue irrigator support to improve irrigation water use efficiency and continue momentum, change achieved, and partnerships.

Assessing impacts of land and water management on floodplain health - $148,800
The project will identify areas of floodplain at greatest risk of degradation. It will facilitate improved management of land and water management impacts on floodplain health by using results from various investigations. Phase one started in 2002, in partnership with DWLBC, CSIRO Land and Water and DEH and involves completion of a geographic information systems based model which predicts floodplain degradation for the entire River Murray floodplain in SA, and an extensive native vegetation health and physical floodplain survey of the South Australian River Murray floodplain. The final report is due by Dec 2002. Phase two will focus on the transition from research and modelling to practical application. Phase two will see the completion of technical work from field surveys and completion of models and has a community consultation component.

Providing baseline data to improve wetland management aimed at reducing salinity, improving water quality and enhancing biodiversity - $305,000
The project will undertake a baseline survey of the South Australian River Murray floodplain. The survey will target priority areas and collect data necessary to determine the current condition of ecosystems on a wetland scale to set objectives for rehabilitation. The data will be used to form the basis for community based wetland rehabilitation proposals aimed at reducing salinity, improving water quality, and enhancing biodiversity. The funding will resource the survey, support community groups and other parties involved in wetland management by establishing appropriate monitoring frameworks, and coordinate appropriate assessment and evaluation of data collected and develop management options proposed. Baseline survey data will also provide crucial information for other regional proposals.

Development of market based investment programs for natural resource management along the River Murray/Mallee dryland corridor - $335,000
The Mallee dryland corridor links the riverine corridor ecosystem with the Mallee. Recent reviews of groundwater recharge have confirmed the long-term salinity impact of accelerated groundwater flow and the importance of revegetated land adjacent to Murray River, with options proposed to reduce rainfall recharge and salt loads into the river. This project builds on the review information and will identify priority areas, and target future activities to reduce salt loads and achieve biodiversity outcomes. This project also links with relevant projects for baseline data to improve wetland management.

Impacts of salinity on the aquatic and terrestrial fauna of the River Murray floodplain - $187,500
The River Murray floodplain in South Australia is poorly known biologically but it is known to support important endangered populations of species such as the Carpet Python, Feathertail Glider and Southern Myotis. The biological survey work of the River Murray floodplain will highlight conservation priorities for particular animal and plant species requiring particular conservation management, as well as highlight fauna species that are potentially good indicators of salinity and water quality. Biological surveys are complete for the remaining terrestrial vegetation surrounding the River Murray.

Implementing the River Murray catchment water management plan - $1,450,000
This is an important statutory natural resource management plan in the South Australian portion of the Murray-Darling Basin and works to manage and improve salinity trends and improve water quality and secure reliable allocations for human uses, industry and the environment. The regional plan's main elements aim to improve the condition of South Australian Murray-Darling Basin catchment and its water resources.

Mount Lofty Ranges - $3,280,000

Foundation funding for the Mount Lofty ranges interim group - $475,500
Foundation funding will enable the Mount Lofty Ranges interim integrated natural resource management group to finalise the preparation of its draft integrated natural resource management plan for accreditation in a timely manner, including extensive community consultation on the draft.

Myponga watercourse restoration project - $101,300
In 1999, the Environment Protection Agency in 1999 produced the Watercourse Survey and Management Recommendations for the Myponga River Catchment. The report concluded that livestock access to watercourses was a significant threat to watercourse condition and drinking water quality within the catchment. Significant achievements have been made in the last 2 years by 23 (from targeted group of 83) landholders undertaking on-ground works aimed at improving watercourse condition and water quality. Works funded in association with this project include fencing watercourses to exclude stock access and provide a watercourse buffer zone, establishing off stream stock watering, erosion control, woody weed and exotic tree removal and revegetation where necessary. The project will fund community driven on-ground works with a strategic water quality focus. Project management and technical support is being provided by the Environment Protection Agency's Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed Protection Office.

Addressing salinity and water quality decline in the Bremer Barker catchment - $87,000
This project builds on previous work by Bremer Barker catchment group's on-ground works incentive program. It will target gaps within the catchment to further reduce salinity, increase biodiversity, encourage sustainable agriculture, and improve soil stability and water quality. The Bremer Barker catchment community continues to actively address catchment issues and through financial incentives and free technical advice, community capacity is further enhanced.

Sustainable salinity and water management on the northern Adelaide plains - $329,000
For many years, the major natural resource issue on the Northern Adelaide plains has been declining groundwater levels and quality of the tertiary aquifer. In the past 18 months, a dramatic recovery of the aquifer occurred resulting in a high water table and salinity problems. Early indications show region-wide effects. This project will build on preliminary investigations in order to direct remedial activity. This is a staged process and will use a water balance model, extend the piezometer network and feasibility study on localised drainage works and determine future options. Education and communication programs will also be initiated.

Local action plan for the Southern Fleurieu Peninsula - $109,000
This project will develop a local action plan to strategically address land and water issues. The plan will establish the current condition of natural resources and propose rehabilitation activities will be developed in close consultation with local communities. Six community workshops will be held regionally for feedback from investigations and research to develop the draft local action plan, with a further six held for acceptance of the final document.

Vegetation for water quality - integrated bush management, revegetation and seed resource preservation - $289,100
The project will protects existing vegetation remnants, and builds seed resources and community capacity. Revegetation is identified in draft regional national resource management plan but is not able to be achieved with current seed resources or level of community capacity. The current level of 8% remnant vegetation cover is not self-sustaining. There are 240 priority remnant vegetation sites and strategic ground-work will secure and expand seed resources for increased revegetation. Areas selected for proposed works will be based on priority water course reaches.

Dung beetles for cleaner water - $64,300
This funding will help improve water quality by preventing cattle dung entering watercourses by establishing winter-active dung beetles on 27 properties across the Fleurieu Peninsula. The beetles are expected to spread to other properties over time. The project will also develop information on the establishment and management of dung beetles. Due to the short supply of dung beetles, the project will develop the methodology for dung beetle nurseries and produce and disseminate education material.

Dryland salinity response team - $213,200
This project will continue specialist team support to regional integrated natural resource management groups in developing and implementing the salinity components of their plans. In particular, the dryland salinity response team will assist in setting regional targets, ensuring plans are technically rigorous, establishing monitoring regimes, ensuring communication of relevant salinity technology and assisting in training programs.

Upper Torrens Land Management Project - community responses to salinity issues - $249,000
This project supports the establishment and productivity improvement of perennial pastures, farm forestry and deep-rooted vegetation in the upper River Torrens catchment. The development of communication strategies will encourage landholders and reinforce the importance of continuing strategic land and water monitoring programs. The project brings together community groups and government agencies and deals with dryland salinity, acid soils, low agricultural productivity, biodiversity loss, and the impact on the region's water quality and other natural resources. The Upper Torrens land management project includes 20 landholders on-ground works program. Priority zones were developed using investigative techniques, such as aerial photos, windscreen surveys and hydrological assessment of surface and groundwater.

Supporting community groups build their capacity to deliver regional projects - $180,000.
The project will increase the capacity of integrated natural resource management groups and community groups to develop and implement water quality and salinity management components of regional INRM plans. It will develop the skills and assist the groups to ensure plans are technically sound and feasible, regional targets and action plans are realistic, education and training programs are appropriate and develop tools to assist monitoring and progress of implementation strategies. Technical assistance will also be provided to support implementation initiatives to ensure necessary local planning is undertaken and provide adequate quality control of activities.

Mid Torrens catchment - Towards water quality improvement project - $150,000
Water quality and salinity are major concerns in the Mid Torrens catchment because the sub-catchments of Kersbrook and Cudlee Creeks drain directly into reservoirs. The program for improved water quality and salinity includes will help raise awareness and understanding of natural resource issues. This project will extend native vegetation, manage erosion to decrease sediment runoff, fence watercourses, and create buffers to intercept nutrient pollutants and other water contaminants.

Stop the loss: reducing dryland salinity and maintaining water quality by halting the premature death of remnant vegetation - $237,600
The loss of remnant native vegetation and revegetation because of a variety of dieback factors is extensive across the region. Dieback is a significant threat and is accelerated through land clearance and intensification of land management. At current dieback rates, the region will have total loss of native vegetation by the end of this century. It's estimated that regional replacement cost of the tree layer would be $473m or $4.8 m/year to 2100. Early intervention and reversal is a practical solution to deal with this issue. The current problem is exacerbated because of the region's fragmented vegetation which is subject to stress which can cause death and susceptibility to secondary stress factors such as pest and disease. If natural regeneration processes are interrupted by factors such as over-grazing, dieback leads to ongoing and irreversible loss of vegetation across landscapes.

Wetland inventory for the southern Mount Lofty ranges - $57,500
This project will complete a regional wetland inventory for the Fleurieu Peninsula. It will document physical, biological and chemical attributes of surveyed surface waters. As Mount Lofty Ranges MLR is an important watershed area, it is critical to gather baseline data and understand wetland processes and conditions for targeting on-ground works, integrated regional planning and priority setting. The project will recommended actions and monitoring protocols.

Saving the swamps: conserving significant wetlands - $322,500
This project intends to build upon and process the regional plan about swamp management and expand the skill base of the regional community. It will also expand the Native Vegetation Council's endorsed swamp management trial to encompass a third of the remaining Fleurieu swamps.

Water-proofing Adelaide - $415,000
Water-Proofing Adelaide will seek to develop long term strategies for optimising the use of water resources of the Adelaide region, largely over the next two years. The strategy will consider the social, environmental, economic and agricultural uses of water. It will identify and encourage opportunities to take up world-class urban water technologies and practices. The project will also consider more practical means for achieving more immediate benefits from existing water services and resources through education and technical support for innovative programs which are consistent with overall objectives.

Commonwealth of Australia