Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, July 2008
- Economic activity of Australia's World Heritage areas - Executive summary (PDF - 119 KB) | (RTF - 2,984 KB)
- Economic activity of Australia's World Heritage areas - Final report (PDF - 1,122 KB) | (RTF - 15,860 KB)
About this report
Australia currently has 17 properties on its World Heritage (WH) List. As well as protecting the cultural and natural heritage for which they are listed, these sites can stimulate economic activity nationally and in the region, state or territory where they are located.
This economic activity arises from expenditures associated with management of the sites as well as expenditure of visitors to the sites.
The aim of this study was to:
- analyse and report on the economic activity and contribution of 15 of Australia's World Heritage Areas (WHAs) to the regional, state/territory and national economies;
- analyse and report on the historical perspective of the financial costs and benefits of the operation of each WHA; and
- to the extent possible, separate and report on the financial costs of the World Heritage management component of each property (i.e. costs directly attributable to World Heritage status).
The framework used to undertake this study was Regional Economic Impact Assessment (REIA). REIA is primarily concerned with the effect of an impacting agent e.g. an individual or a business, on an economy in terms of a number of specific economic activity indicators, such as gross regional output, value-added, income and employment.
Based on visitation and management cost data provided by DEWHA and the state and territory agencies that manage the WHAs, input-output analysis was used to estimate the direct and indirect impacts of each WHA at the regional, state or territory and national level.