Australia is home to the largest artesian system in the world. The Great Artesian Basin, which covers more than 20 per cent of the Australian continent, has around 600 artesian spring complexes in twelve major groups. Springs can range in size from only a few metres across to large clusters of freshwater pools known as 'supergroups'. Elizabeth Springs forms part of the Springvale supergroup of springs that, with the exception of Elizabeth Springs, are largely extinct. The Elizabeth Springs complex extends over an area of approximately 400 by 500 metres.
Elizabeth Springs was included in the National Heritage List on 4 August 2009.
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