About this publication
Australia is the fifth largest user of shipping in the world with more than 11,000 vessels from 600 overseas ports visiting Australia's 65 major ports each year. About 98 per cent of Australia's exports (in particular, bulk mineral and agricultural commodities) are carried by ships. There are twelve significant ports in the South-east Region.
The aim of this chapter is to provide a broad understanding of shipping and port operations that may impact on the marine environment. The information is organised by port and ocean environments though some of the activities are associated with both regions. A definition of each of the relevant activities is accompanied by an explanation of the potential impacts. Where it has been possible, these impacts are related specifically to the South-east Region. Current research or legislation for each activity is also addressed.