Mark Flanigan, Delegate of the Minister for the Environment and Heritage, 17 March 2005
The Hon Jon Ford MLC
Minister for Fisheries
11th Floor Dumas House
2 Havelock St
WEST PERTH WA 6005
I am writing to you as Delegate of the Minister for the Environment and Heritage in relation to the assessment of the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the Act). In May 2004 the Department of Fisheries Western Australia (DFWA) submitted the document entitled Final Application to the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage on the Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery for assessment under the Act.
The submission has been assessed for the purposes of the protected species provisions of Part 13 and the wildlife trade provisions of Part 13A of the Act.
I am pleased to advise that assessment of the fishery is now complete. The assessment report will be available on the Department of the Environment and Heritage website at: http://www.deh.gov.au/coasts/fisheries/assessment/index.html.
I am satisfied that the management arrangements for the fishery require that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure that protected species are not injured or killed and the level of interactions with such species in the fishery is not likely to adversely affect the conservation status of protected species or the survival and recovery of listed threatened species. Hence, the management arrangements for the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery meet the requirements of Part 13 of the Act and I propose to accredit the management arrangements accordingly. Accreditation will ensure that individual fishers operating in accordance with the management arrangements are not required to seek permits in relation to interactions with protected species in Commonwealth waters.
I am satisfied that the operation of the fishery is consistent with objects of the wildlife trade provisions in Part 13A of the Act. I am also satisfied that it is unlikely to be detrimental to the survival or conservation status of any taxon, to which the fishery operation relates, or threaten any relevant ecosystem. The fishery is relatively well managed and operates under an adaptable and precautionary ecologically based regime capable of controlling, monitoring and enforcing the level of take from the fishery. Performance against the Australian Government Guidelines for the Ecologically Sustainable Management of Fisheries is adequate, however there are a number of issues that need to be addressed to contain environmental risks in the longer term. Hence, I propose to declare the fishery an approved Wildlife Trade Operation (WTO), under Part 13A of the Act. This declaration would allow the export of product from the fishery for the next three years. I will make the declaration subject to the conditions at Attachment A.
I also propose to include product from this WTO fishery on the List of Exempt Native Specimens so that exporters would not require EPBC Act export permits. The fishery would continue to operate as a WTO for the period of the declaration (3 years) and all WTO conditions would continue to apply.
The management regime aims to ensure that fishing is conducted in a manner that does not lead to over-fishing and for fishing operations to be managed to minimise their impact on the structure, productivity, function and biological diversity of the ecosystem. On balance, the fishery is being managed in an ecologically sustainable manner and is working to address existing problems and to minimise environmental risks.
While there are some environmental risks associated with this fishery, I believe that DFWA is committed to addressing these issues and is already taking proactive steps in some areas. Officers from our two departments have discussed key areas requiring ongoing and increased attention. I understand that they have agreed to a number of recommended actions, focusing on addressing key issues, to be implemented before the next Australian Government review of the fishery. The recommendations (Attachment B) have been an important factor in my decision to declare the fishery a WTO and I look forward to receiving your confirmation that they will be implemented.
I would like to thank you for the constructive way in which your officials have approached this assessment.
Delegate of the Minister for the Environment and Heritage
17 March 2005
Proposed conditions on the approved wildlife trade declaration for the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery
- Operation of the fishery will be carried out in accordance with the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery management regime, made under the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Limited Entry Fishery Notice 1993 in force under the Fish Resources Management Act 1994;
- The Department of Fisheries Western Australia (DFWA) will inform the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH) of any intended amendments to the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishey management regime that may affect the sustainability of the target species or negatively impact on byproduct, bycatch, protected species or the ecosystem;
- Reports to be produced and presented to DEH annually, and to include:
- information sufficient to allow assessment of the progress of DFWA in implementing the recommendations made in the Assessment of the Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery 2005 and the commitments made in the Final Application to the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage on the Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery;
- A description of the status of the fishery and catch and effort information;
- A statement of the performance of the fishery against objectives, performance indicators and measures once developed; and
- Research undertaken or completed relevant to the fishery.
Recommendations to the Department of Fisheries Western Australia (DFWA) on the ecologically sustainable management of the Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery
The Western Australian Abrolhos Islands and Mid West Trawl Managed Fishery (AIMWTMF) is a relatively well-managed fishery with a range of management measures to promote the ecologically sustainable harvesting of species from the fishery.
The AIMWTMF has an adequate management regime including limited entry, a seasonal closure, areas closures and gear and boat restrictions that should enable the fishery to continue to be ecologically sustainable in the short to medium term. Stocks are not currently overfished and management arrangements provide the basis to ensure that fishing is conducted in a manner that will not lead to over-fishing.
While the fishery is relatively well managed, a number of risks and uncertainties that must be managed to ensure that their impacts are minimised have been identified. The following recommendations aim to address these risks and uncertainties. DFWA should action these recommendations before the next review in 2008 or within the timeframe specified in individual recommendations.
- DFWA to advise DEH of any material change to the AIMWTMF's legislated management plan and/or arrangements that could affect the criteria on which EPBC Act decisions are based, within three months of that change being made.
- The ESD Report, including all performance measures, responses and information requirements to be incorporated into the management regime and decision making process.
- DFWA to ensure, where appropriate, that any relevant indigenous, conservation, commercial fishing and recreational interests in the fishery are considered through consultative mechanisms.
- By the end of 2006, DFWA to develop fishery specific objectives, linked to performance indicators and performance measures for the minor target species (western king prawn) and all byproduct species or species groups based on the best available information.
- DFWA to incorporate into the management regime, an objective to minimise protected/listed species interactions, to minimise or maintain at sustainable levels the take of other non-retained species and to minimise impacts on the marine environment.
- DFWA, in its Annual State of the Fisheries Report, to report on the performance of the fishery against performance measures that relate to the sustainability of the fishery, once developed.
- DFWA to review the performance measure for saucer scallop outlined in the ESD Report to ensure it is measurable and related to the ecological sustainability of the stock.
- DFWA to implement a system to improve the identification and recording of elasmobranch species taken as byproduct in the AIMWTMF.
- DFWA to review the current programs for the collection and analysis of bycatch and protected species data in the AIMWTMF to ensure they are sufficient to identify changes in the composition and quantity of bycatch and protected species.
- To ensure that benthic ecosystems are protected, DFWA to, before the end of 2005, clearly define trawl grounds for the AIMWTMF based on historically productive scallop grounds and suitable benthic habitats and in consultation with conservation, recreational fishing and commercial fishing stakeholders. DFWA to define a robust process for any extension of trawling activity outside of this area, including explicit consideration of the ecological effects on bycatch and benthic habitats and consultation with all relevant stakeholder groups.
- DFWA to implement an education program to ensure that industry has the capacity to make reports on interactions with protected/listed species at an appropriate level of accuracy.
- DFWA to review the specifications of the BRD grids used in the AIMWTMF to ensure they are effective at reducing the incidental catch of turtles and other large bycatch species likely to be encountered in the fishery.