Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by the European Red Fox (Environment Australia (EA), 1999a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by Feral Cats (Environment Australia (EA), 1999b) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Survey guidelines for Australia's threatened mammals. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.5 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2011j) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Hastings River Mouse - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005ki) [Internet].
NSW:Hastings River Mouse Threatened Species Information (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS), 1999bv) [Information Sheet].
QLD:Enhancing biodiversity hotspots along Western Queensland stock routes (Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management (Qld DERM), 2009a) [Management Plan].
Non-government
    Documents and Websites
Biodiversity Recovery Plan for Gatton and Laidley Shires, South-East Queensland 2003-2008 (Boyes, B., 2004).
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list)
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
IUCN: Listed as Vulnerable (Global Status: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2013.1 list)
Scientific name Pseudomys oralis [98]
Family Muridae:Rodentia:Mammalia:Chordata:Animalia
Species author Thomas,1921
Infraspecies author  
Reference  
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://www.npws.nsw.gov.au/wildlife/thr_profiles/hastmse.pdf

The Hastings River Mouse is a brownish-grey rodent with a greyish-white belly. It grows to 17 cm long and weighs up to 100 g. Its tail is brown on the upper surface, white underneath and grows to 15 cm long (Strahan 1998).

Populations of the Hastings River Mouse are widely distributed although isolated in areas over 500 m above sea level. This range extends from Mount Royal State Forest (now National Park), NSW (Dickman & McKechnie 1985; Read 1993) to Main Range National Park and Gambubal State Forest, Queensland (Kirkpatrick & Martin 1971; Poole 1994; Read 1993) and Lamington National Park, Queensland (Gynther & O'Reilly 1995). Between these extremes, populations have been discovered at Mt Boss State Forest and Hyland State Forest (King 1984), Forestland State Forest and Marengo State Forest (King & Mackowski 1986) and at a number of other sites along the eastern edge of the Great Dividing Range (Fox et al. 1994; Read 1993). All known capture sites, with the exception of the two most recent Queensland sites, are mapped (Read 1993).

Population sizes and trends are unknown but are generally considered to be declining and contracting. The species range is considered to have declined within historic times as owl pellets containing Pseudomys oralis have been found well outside the known current distribution (Kirkpatrick 1983).

Pseudomys oralis was originally described as a subspecies of Pseudomys australis from a holotype whose locality was unknown and a second specimen, not designated as a paratype, from 'Hastings River' (Thomas 1921).

The main factors determining the species' presence appear to be an open canopy and shrub layer (Read & Tweedie 1996) between 410 and 1100m elevation. Ground cover varies from almost no cover to a dense, rank cover of grasses, herbs and sedges. Sedges, particularly Carex, Juncus and Cyperus spp. are common to most sites. This habitat occurs beside creeks (permanent and ephemeral) and soakages, but is also found on ridges and grassy plains. In 1986, skull and mandible fragments of a Hastings River Mouse were found in a pellet from an owl (Tyto sp.) in coastal wet heath near Wardell, NSW, at a site less than 10m altitude. Subsequent trapping failed to verify a presence (Lee 1995).

Genetic data indicate that long range movement and interchange between local populations is minimal (Jerry et al. 1998).

The diet of the Hastings River Mouse has been studied by examining faecal samples from nine localities (Fox et al. 1994). Unlike other species of Pseudomys, this species has a broader feeding niche in summer than in winter. In summer samples both seeds and leaf material were codominant with insects, pollen, flowers, ferns and fungi being minor components of the diet. In winter samples the seed component declined and leaf material was the main dietary component. In both seasons this leaf component was primarily fresh green leaves. No between-site or sex difference was found (Fox et al. 1994). Although the species of food items has not been determined, a single faecal sample from Mount Boss State Forest contained identifiable remains of Restio (King 1984).

In many respects the diet of the Hastings River Mouse is more similar to Mastacomys (Carron et al. 1990) than to other Pseudomys, and the species could be considered a herbivore rather than a granivore/herbivore.

The only breeding record is that the female captured at Lamington National Park in December was lactating (Gynther & O'Reilly 1995).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Pseudomys oralis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vg) [Internet].
Ecological attributes and conservation of native rodents in New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 27:347-355. (Dickman, C.R., D. Lunney & A. Matthews, 2000) [Journal].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Weeping Myall Woodlands (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008adt) [Conservation Advice].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing natural vegetation and associated habitat changes Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Pseudomys oralis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vg) [Internet].
Ecological attributes and conservation of native rodents in New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 27:347-355. (Dickman, C.R., D. Lunney & A. Matthews, 2000) [Journal].
Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Weeping Myall Woodlands (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008adt) [Conservation Advice].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat alteration (vegetation, soil, hydrology) due to trampling and grazing by livestock Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Inappropriate prescribed fire regime and fire risk reduction activities Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox, Fox) Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Pseudomys oralis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vg) [Internet].
Ecological attributes and conservation of native rodents in New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 27:347-355. (Dickman, C.R., D. Lunney & A. Matthews, 2000) [Journal].
Hastings River Mouse (Pseudomys oralis) Draft Recovery Plan (NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, 1998c) [State Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Felis catus (Cat, House Cat, Domestic Cat) Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Pseudomys oralis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vg) [Internet].
Ecological attributes and conservation of native rodents in New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 27:347-355. (Dickman, C.R., D. Lunney & A. Matthews, 2000) [Journal].
Hastings River Mouse (Pseudomys oralis) Draft Recovery Plan (NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, 1998c) [State Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Canis lupus familiaris (Domestic Dog) Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Presence of pathogens and resulting disease Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Pseudomys oralis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vg) [Internet].
Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Ecological attributes and conservation of native rodents in New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 27:347-355. (Dickman, C.R., D. Lunney & A. Matthews, 2000) [Journal].
Natural System Modifications:Other Ecosystem Modifications:Habitat degradation caused by rainforest encroachment Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Other Ecosystem Modifications:Habitat dieback associated with bell miners Manorina melanophrys (Bell Miner) Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Other Ecosystem Modifications:Vegetation and habitat mortality caused by dieback Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low fecundity, reproductive rate and/or poor recruitment Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzd) [Recovery Plan].

Carron, P.L., D.C.D. Happold & T.M. Bubela (1990). Diet of two sympatric Australian subalpine rodents, Mastacomys fuscus and Rattus fuscipes. Australian Wildlife Research. 17:479-489.

Dickman, C.R. & C.A. McKechnie (1985). A survey of the mammals of Mount Royal and Barrington Tops, New South Wales. Australian Zoologist. 21:531-543.

Dickman, C.R., D. Lunney & A. Matthews (2000). Ecological attributes and conservation of native rodents in New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 27:347-355.

Fox, B.J., D.G. Read, E. Jefferys & J. Luo (1994). Diet of the Hastings River mouse (Pseudomys oralis). Wildlife Research. 21:491-505.

Gynther, I.C. & P.S. O'Reilly (1995). A new locality for the Hastings River mouse, Pseudomys oralis, in southeast Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 38:513-518.

Jerry, D.R., T.A. Dow, M.S. Elphinstone, & P.R. Baverstock (1998). Historical and contemporary maternal population structuring in the endangered Hastings River mouse (Pseudomys oralis). Conservation Biology. 12:1017-1022.

King, G.C. (1984). Habitat utilized by Pseudomys oralis Thomas (Rodentia: Muridae). Australian Mammalogy. 7:139-147.

King, G.C. & C.M. Mackowski (1986). Two new localities for Pseudomys oralis Thomas (Rodentia: Muridae) in New South Wales. Australian Mammalogy. 9:63-65.

Kirkpatrick, T.H. (1983). Hastings River Mouse. In: Strahan, R. , ed. The Complete Book of Australian Mammals. Page(s) 394. Angus and Robertson: Sydney.

Kirkpatrick, T.H. & J.H.D. Martin (1971). Uncommon native fauna. Queensland Agricultural Journal. 97:174-175.

Lee, A.K. (1995). The Action Plan for Australian Rodents. Canberra: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Endangered Species Program.

Meek, P.D. & B. Triggs (1999). A record of Hastings River mouse (Pseudomys oralis) in a fox (Vulpes vulpes) scat from New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 121:193-197.

Poole, M.A. (1994). The Hastings river mouse, Pseudomys oralis, from Gambubal State Forest, southeast Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 37:280.

Read, D.G. (1993). Body size in Hastings River mouse Pseudomys oralis (Rodentia: Muridae) from new and old locations. Australian Zoologist. 29:117-123.

Read, D.G. & T.D. Tweedie (1996). Floristics of habitats of Pseudomys oralis (Rodentia: Muridae). Wildlife Research. 23:485-493.

Strahan, R. (Ed.) (1998). The Mammals of Australia, Second Edition, rev. Sydney, NSW: Australian Museum and Reed New Holland.

Thomas, O. (1921). Notes on the species of Notomys, the Australian jerboa-rats. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9). 8:536-541.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pseudomys oralis in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 22 Aug 2014 21:14:32 +1000.