Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:New South Wales Murray Biodiversity Management Plan (Murray Catchment Management Authority (Murray CMA), 2012) [State Action Plan].
NSW:Winged Peppercress - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005gu) [Internet].
VIC:Flora and Fauna Guarantee Action Statement 252-Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment (Vic. DSE), 2009i) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list)
SA: Listed as Endangered (National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (South Australia): June 2011 list)
VIC: Listed as Threatened (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Victoria): February 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Endangered (Advisory List of Rare or Threatened Plants in Victoria: 2005)
Scientific name Lepidium monoplocoides [9190]
Family Brassicaceae:Capparales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author F.Muell.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Definitions of rare or hitherto undescribed Australian plants (28 Jun.-12 Jul. 1855) 2 [= Transactions of the Philosophical Society of Victoria 1 (10 Sep. 1855) 35].
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Winged Pepper-cress is an annual herb (Hewson 1982c; Leigh et al. 1984).

This species occurs in NSW and Vic.

Although identified in floras as occurring in SA (e.g. Black 1948; Hewson 1982b) and Qld (e.g. Cunningham et al. 1981), there are no specimens in herbaria to support this (Leigh et al. 1984).

In NSW there is a 1995 record from the SW Slopes on a private property S of Narrandera (MEL collection records). Otherwise it has not been recorded since 1950 (Leigh et al. 1984). Old records are also from the SW of the state - Hay, Balranald, Byrock, Wanganella, Cobar, the Lachlan R., Lachlan to Darling R. and Deniliquin, though there is a single collection from near Broken Hill, in the far west (Leigh & Briggs 1992).

In Vic., it is only known from five stands including three biological reserves at Wyperfeld and Hattah-Kulkyne National Parks and West Wail Reserve (Little Desert) in the NW (SAC 1992c). It was also recorded in 1983 from the Riverina natural region at Gunbower Is. (on the Murray R.) and Mystic Park (MEL collection records). There is a further record in the NW from 'near Lake Natimuk' (Leigh & Briggs 1992).

Winged Pepper-cress occurs predominantly in mallee scrub in semi-arid areas (Leigh et al. 1984). Sites are seasonally moist to water-logged with heavy, fertile soils and a mean annual rainfall of around 300 to 500 mm. The predominant vegetation is usually an open-woodland dominated by Allocasuarina leuhmannii and/or eucalypts, particularly Eucalyptus largiflorens (Black Box) or Eucalyptus populnea (Poplar Box). The field layer of the surrounding woodland is dominated by tussock grasses (notably Danthonia spp. and Stipa spp.), but the seasonally waterlogged sites preferred by Winged Pepper-cress also support a number of moisture dependent herbs, such as Marsilea spp. (Nardoo) (Leigh & Briggs 1992). Also known from riparian woodland (e.g. Gunbower Is.) (MEL collection records).

Flowering occurs from Aug. to Oct. (Leigh et al. 1984).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Droughts:Drought National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat disturbance from recreational vehicle use National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:camping Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Marrubium vulgare (Horehound, White Horehound, Hoarhound, Marrube, Houndsbane) National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Echium plantagineum (Paterson's Curse, Salvation Jane, Purple Bugloss, Blue Echium, Blueweed, Blue Weed, Lady Campbell Weed, Plantain-leaf Viper's Bugloss, Purple Echium, Riverina Bluebell) National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Lycium ferocissimum (African Boxthorn, Boxthorn) National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by Avena spp. National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by Bromus spp. National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by Lolium spp. National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by Vulpia spp. National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by exotic pasture species National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) The threat posed by pest animals to biodiversity in New South Wales (Coutts-Smith, A.J., P.S. Mahon, M. Letnic & P.O. Downey, 2007) [Management Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mz) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes including flooding National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Changes in hydrology including habitat drainage National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Other Ecosystem Modifications:Changes in hydrology leading to rising water tables and dryland salinity National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads National Recovery Plan for the Winged Peppercress Lepidium monoplocoides (Mavromihalis, J., 2010) [Recovery Plan].

Binns, D. (2000). Personal Communication.

Binns, D. (2000b). Personal Communication.

Black, J.M. (1948). Flora of South Australia, Part 1, 2nd ed. Page(s) 255-521. Government Printer, Adelaide.

Cunningham, G.M., W.E. Mulham, P.L. Milthorpe & J.H. Leigh (1981). Plants of Western New South Wales. NSW Govt. Printing Office.

Flora & Fauna Guarantee - Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) (1992c). Final recommendation on a nomination for listing: Lepidium monoplocoides F.Muell. - Winged Pepper-cress (nomination no 246). Dept Natural Resources & Environment, Vic.

Hewson, H.J. (1982b). Brassicaceae. In: Flora of Australia. 8:231-357. Canberra: AGPS.

Hewson, H.J. (1982c). The genus Lepidium L. (Brassicaceae) in Australia. In: Brunonia. 4{2}. Melbourne: CSIRO.

Leigh, J., R. Boden & J. Briggs (1984). Extinct and Endangered Plants of Australia. Melbourne, Victoria: Macmillan.

Leigh, J.H. & J.D. Briggs (Eds) (1992). Threatened Australian Plants. Overview and Case Studies. New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service.

MEL (undated). National Herbarium of Victoria Specimens. [Online]. Available from: http://www.rbg.vic.gov.au/research_and_conservation/herbarium.

NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2000). Personal communication. Sydney: NSW NPWS.

Staff of the South Australian State Herbarium (2000). Personal Communication.

Victorian Workshop Participants (2000). Personal communication.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Lepidium monoplocoides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 27 Aug 2014 21:42:47 +1000.