Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.)
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Tasmanian lowland Euphrasia species Flora Recovery Plan (Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tas. DPIPWE), 2011g) [Recovery Plan] as Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.).
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Euphrasia fabula.
 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: correction of list of threatened species (28/03/2001) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2001j) [Legislative Instrument] as Euphrasia sp. fabula.
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (11/04/2007) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2007f) [Legislative Instrument] as Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.).
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
TAS:Threatened Species Listing Statement - Hairy cliff eyebright, Masked cliff eyebright, Euphrasia sp. 'fabula' (Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (TAS DIPWE), 2001e) [Information Sheet].
TAS:Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.) (Masked Eyebright, Masked Cliff Eyebright): Species Management Profile for Tasmania's Threatened Species Link (Threatened Species Section (TSS), 2014cu) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
TAS: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (Tasmania): September 2012 list) as Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.)
Scientific name Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.) [82044]
Family Scrophulariaceae:Scrophulariales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author W.R.Barker
Infraspecies author  
Reference  
Other names Euphrasia sp. fabula [64903]
Euphrasia fabula [66627]
Euphrasia fabula W.C.Potts & W.R.Barker ms. [67455]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Masked Eyebright is a short-lived perennial herb, usually less than 30 cm high, with creamy white flowers that can possess deep purple striations (Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

The two known populations of this species are approximately 10 km apart on the Tasman Peninsula, SE Tas. (Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

One population occurs on low cliffs between Canoe Bay and Bivouac Bay. The other population on Cape Pillar extending along cliffs from Perdition Ponds and near the Oasis, to Arthurs Peak near Budget Head (Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

Access challenges make population estimates difficult. A rough 1995 estimate for the population between Canoe Bay and Bivouac Bay is 100-200 individuals. In the same year, approximately eight individuals were located at Arthurs Peak and approximately 20 at Cape Pillar, at the extreme ends of the other population. The actual numbers in these latter two areas are likely to be significantly greater (Potts 1997 in Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

The three known localities representing two populations occur in the Abel Tasman Forest Reserve and the Cape Pillar State Reserve (Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

Euphrasia fabula is contained within the close-knit E. phragmostoma, E. amphisysepala, E. fabula group (Potts & Barker in prep). The species' true identity is masked until flowering. It is thought that variation in this group has arisen through hybridisation (Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

The species is generally restricted to dolerite cliff faces, tending to be found on ledges, rock crevices and patches of bare ground, extending from the base to the tops of coastal cliffs. The species has a preference for relatively moist and shady areas, where the vegetation is not too dense. It may extend away from the cliff edges after fire due to the increased openness, but will retreat to cliff faces as the vegetation thickens (Threatened Species Unit 1997c).

Populations of Euphrasia species are transient. The persistence of populations is reliant upon the successful recruitment of seedlings. Patches of open ground are required for germination, and adequate moisture levels are required for seedling survival. Seed production is copious and the soil seed bank probably survives for decades. Profuse germination occurs after fire (Potts 1999).

Euphrasia species are non-host specific semi-parasites. The growth rate and reproductive output is reduced in the absence of hosts (Potts 1999).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Droughts:Drought Recovery Plans for Threatened Tasmanian Lowland Euphrasia Species - 1997-2001 (Potts, W.C., 1999) [State Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Storms and Flooding:Storm damage Recovery Plans for Threatened Tasmanian Lowland Euphrasia Species - 1997-2001 (Potts, W.C., 1999) [State Recovery Plan].
Geological Events:Avalanches/Landslides:Habitat modification due to landslides Recovery Plans for Threatened Tasmanian Lowland Euphrasia Species - 1997-2001 (Potts, W.C., 1999) [State Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Recovery Plans for Threatened Tasmanian Lowland Euphrasia Species - 1997-2001 (Potts, W.C., 1999) [State Recovery Plan].

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.

Potts W & Barker, W (inprep). Variation in Euphrasia , Section Phragmostoma (Scrophulariaceae). unpublished.

Potts, W.C. (1999). Recovery Plans for Threatened Tasmanian Lowland Euphrasia Species - 1997-2001. [Online]. TAS DPIWE. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/tas-euphrasia/index.html.

Threatened Species Unit (1997c). Listing Statement No. 9 - Euphrasia sp. 'fabula' Potts and Barker, Masked Eyebright. Dept Primary Industries, Water & Environment, Tas. Dept Primary Industries, Water & Environment, Tas.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Euphrasia sp. Bivouac Bay (W.R.Barker 7626 et al.) in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 31 Jul 2014 23:28:51 +1000.