Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
SA:Draft recovery plan for 23 threatened flora taxa on Eyre Peninsula, South Australia 2007-2012 (Pobke, K., 2007) [State Recovery Plan].
State Listing Status
SA: Listed as Vulnerable (National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (South Australia): June 2011 list)
VIC: Listed as Threatened (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Victoria): February 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Endangered (Advisory List of Rare or Threatened Plants in Victoria: 2005)
Scientific name Pterostylis xerophila [7997]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author M.Clements
Infraspecies author  
Reference Flora of South Australia ed. 4, Pt. 4 (1 Aug. 1986) 2130, fig. 996.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
Reiter, N. Clements, M. & Vlcek, K. (2013). An examination of Pterostylis xerophila (Orchidaceae) and the confirmation of P. lingua as a new species in Victoria. Muelleria 31: 69-76.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Biological Resource Use:Gathering Terrestrial Plants:Illegal collection Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Reduced rainfall caused by climate change National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat disturbance from recreational vehicle use Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Carrichtera annua (Ward's Weed) National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Echium plantagineum (Paterson's Curse, Salvation Jane, Purple Bugloss, Blue Echium, Blueweed, Blue Weed, Lady Campbell Weed, Plantain-leaf Viper's Bugloss, Purple Echium, Riverina Bluebell) National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Ovis aries (Sheep) Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Camelus dromedarius (Dromedary, Camel) Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006vy) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes National Recovery Plan for the Desert Greenhood Pterostylis xerophila (Duncan M, 2010a) [Recovery Plan].

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pterostylis xerophila in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sat, 30 Aug 2014 06:49:31 +1000.