Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Ramphotyphlops exocoeti
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan] as Ramphotyphlops exocoeti.
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Survey guidelines for Australia's threatened reptiles. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.6 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2011m) [Admin Guideline].
 
Information Sheets Final Report of the Christmas Island Expert Working Group to the Minister for the Environment Protection, Heritage and the Arts (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2010a) [Information Sheet].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Ramphotyphlops exocoeti.
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (11/04/2007) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2007f) [Legislative Instrument] as Typhlops exocoeti.
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (135) (14/08/2012) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2012s) [Legislative Instrument] as Ramphotyphlops exocoeti.
 
Non-statutory Listing Status
IUCN: Listed as Vulnerable (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2011.2)
Scientific name Ramphotyphlops exocoeti [1262]
Family Typhlopidae:Squamata:Reptilia:Chordata:Animalia
Species author (Boulenger, 1887)
Infraspecies author  
Reference Wallach, V. 2003. Scolecophidia miscellanea. Hamadryad 27(2):222-240
Other names Typhlops exocoeti [79036]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Christmas Island Blind Snake is a brown snake growing to 35 cm, with a pale brown belly, rounded snout, scales in 20 rows at mid-body and an oval scale at the tip of the snout (Cogger 2000).

This snake is endemic to Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean (Cogger et al. 1983). It is known only from several museum specimens collected in 1887, 1897, 1898 and 1975. All but the most recent specimen state the location simply as Christmas Island; the more recent specimen was collected near Stuart Hill on the Christmas Island Plateau (Cogger et al. 1983).

Ramphotyphlops exocoeti has been placed in the genus Typhlops (Greer 1998).

One specimen was collected in 1975 in primary rainforest on the plateau. The site is now cleared land (Cogger et al. 1983).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation The Action Plan for Australian Reptiles (Cogger, H.G., E.E. Cameron, R.A. Sadlier & P. Eggler, 1993) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Felis catus (Cat, House Cat, Domestic Cat) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Rattus rattus (Black Rat, Ship Rat) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Anoplolepis gracilipes (Yellow Crazy Ant, Gramang Ant, Long-legged Ant, Maldive Ant) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:pest animal control National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].
Residential and Commercial Development:Residential and Commercial Development:Habitat modification (clearance and degradation) due to urban development National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006 (b)) [Recovery Plan].

Cogger, H.G. (2000). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia - 6th edition. Sydney, NSW: Reed New Holland.

Cogger, H.G. & R.A. Sadlier (2000). The terrestrial reptiles of Christmas Island - a reappraisal of their status. Australian Museum. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Cogger, H.G., E.E. Cameron, R.A. Sadlier & P. Eggler (1993). The Action Plan for Australian Reptiles. [Online]. Canberra, ACT: Australian Nature Conservation Agency. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/action/reptiles/index.html.

Cogger, H.G., R.A. Sadlier & E.E. Cameron (1983). The terrestrial reptiles of Australia's island territories.:50-52. ANPWS. ANPWS, Canberra.

Greer, A.E. (1997). The Biology and Evolution of Australian Snakes. Sydney: Surrey Beatty & Sons.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Ramphotyphlops exocoeti in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 17 Apr 2014 00:27:38 +1000.