Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Genoplesium vernale
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Listing Advice on Genoplesium vernale (East Lynne Midge-orchid) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001aj) [Listing Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Recovery Plan for the East Lynne Midge Orchid (Genoplesium vernale) (NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, 2002w) [Recovery Plan] as Genoplesium vernale.
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Genoplesium vernalis D.L.Jones ms..
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (15/09/2001) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2001e) [Legislative Instrument] as Genoplesium vernale.
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): August 2014 list) as Genoplesium vernale
Scientific name Genoplesium vernale [68379]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author D.L.Jones
Infraspecies author  
Reference Jones, D.L., (2001) Six new species and a new combination in Genoplesium R.Br. (Orchidaceae) from eastern Australia. The Orchadian 13(7): 305-307, Fig. 7 [tax. nov.]
Other names Corunastylis vernalis [78699]
Genoplesium vernalis [64676]
Genoplesium vernalis D.L.Jones ms. [67412]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The East Lynne Midge-orchid is a terrestrial tuberous herb growing to 25 cm tall (Jones 2001b).

This species occurs on the NSW South Coast between Ulladulla and Mogo, extending about 5-30 km inland from the coast. It was originally regarded as being endangered but recent field studies have shown it to be more widely distributed and locally abundant than previously thought. It is conserved in Budawang National Park, Murramarang National Park and Morton National Park (Jones 2001b).

Corunastylis vernalis (formerly Genoplesium vernalis) has similar-looking flowers to the autumn-flowering species Genoplesium woollsii, but the latter has a broader, thicker labellum and coarser cilia on the dorsal sepal, petals and labellum (Jones 2001b).

This species grows in shrubby open eucalypt forest, dominated by Eucalyptus piperita, Corymbia gummifera and Eucalyptus globoidea, or Corymbia maculata. Cyathochaeta diandra is a good indicator species. Other associated species include Pultenaea villosa, Gompholobium latifolium, Banksia spinulosa, Acacia terminalis, Persoonia linearis, Hakea sericia, Leptospermum polygalifolum, Thelymitra ixioides, Caleana major, Caleana minor and Drosera species. It grows in sandy clay loam and gravelly clay loam in altitudes 50-100 m. Individuals are usually found where the groundcover is sparse and there is little competition for light (NSW NP&WS 1999ao; Jones 2001b).

Flowering occurs Sept. to Dec. (Jones 2001b).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified Recovery Plan for the East Lynne Midge Orchid (Genoplesium vernale) (NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, 2002w) [Recovery Plan].

Jones, D.L. (2001b). Six New Species and a New Combination in Genoplesium R.Br. (Orchidaceae) from eastern Australia. The Orchadian. 13(7):304-307.

NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service (1999ao). Recovery Plan for the East Lynne Midge Orchid (Genoplesium vernalis) - draft for public comment. Sydney, NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Genoplesium vernale in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Sun, 21 Sep 2014 03:37:45 +1000.