Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National recovery plan for the Toolinna Adenanthos (Adenanthos eyrei) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2009f) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Esperance District (Craig, G.F. & D.J. Coates, 2001) [State Species Management Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list)
Scientific name Adenanthos eyrei [7763]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author E.C.Nelson
Infraspecies author  
Reference Brunonia 1 (27 Oct. 1978) 355, fig. 13.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images

The Toolinna Adenanthos is an erect, open shrub growing to 1 m with dark crimson flowers (Hopper et al. 1990; Rye & Hopper 1981; Nelson 1978; Nelson 1995). Branchlets, leaves and flowers are hairy; the older branches have very warty bark (Brown et al. 1998).

This species is found on the coastal margin of the Nullarbor Plain, WA (Hopper et al. 1990). Only recorded from one locality: Toolinna sandpatch, south of Caiguna and north-east of Point Culver, Great Australian Bight (Nelson 1978, 1995; Brown et al. 1998).

This species resembles Adenanthos forrestii (Brown et al. 1998).

This species grows on the coast of the Great Australian Bight in deep siliceous sand dunes on cliffs. It occurs in low open scrub, sandheath or kwongan with Adenanthos forrestii, A. cuneatus, Banksia epica and B. media (Nelson 1978; Rye & Hopper 1981; Hopper et al. 1990; Nelson 1995; Brown et al. 1998).

Lacks a lignotuber (Nelson 1978, 1995). Some authors record flowering throughout the year (Hopper et al. 1990; Brown et al. 1998), although others report flowering only in Oct. (Nelson 1978, 1995).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Habitat deterioration due to soil degradation and erosion National recovery plan for the Toolinna Adenanthos (Adenanthos eyrei) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2009f) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Adenanthos eyrei in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006ap) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat disturbance from recreational vehicle use National recovery plan for the Toolinna Adenanthos (Adenanthos eyrei) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2009f) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi National recovery plan for the Toolinna Adenanthos (Adenanthos eyrei) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2009f) [Recovery Plan].
Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009w) [Threat Abatement Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) National recovery plan for the Toolinna Adenanthos (Adenanthos eyrei) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2009f) [Recovery Plan].
Adenanthos eyrei in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006ap) [Internet].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Hopper, S.D., S. van Leeuwen, A.P. Brown & S.J. Patrick (1990). Western Australia's Endangered Flora and other plants under consideration for declaration. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Consrvation and Land Management.

Nelson, E.C. (1978). A taxonomic revision of Adenanthos (Proteaceae). Brunonia. 1(3):303-406.

Nelson, E.C. (1995). Adenanthos. In: Orchard, A.E. & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 16:318-342. ABRS, Canberra/CSIRO, Melbourne.

Rye, B.L. & S.D.Hopper (1981). A Guide to the Gazetted Rare Flora of Western Australia. Report No. 42. Page(s) 1-211. Perth: Department of Fisheries & Wildlife WA.

Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Adenanthos eyrei in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 23 Jul 2014 20:55:45 +1000.