Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for Reduction in Impacts of Tramp Ants on Biodiversity in Australia and its Territories (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006p) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (21/07/2003) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2003c) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NT:Threatened Species of the Northern Territory Information Sheet - Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (Braby, M. C. Wilson & S. Ward, 2012) [Information Sheet].
Scientific name Euploea alcathoe enastri [76162]
Family Nymphalidae:Lepidoptera:Insecta:Arthropoda:Animalia
Species author (Godart, 1819)
Infraspecies author Fenner, 1991
Reference  
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Gove Crow Butterfly is a large brown-black butterfly with small white spots at the edge of the wings (Braby 2000). This butterfly has a wingspan of about 7 cm (Wilson 2002).

The Gove Crow Butterfly was only discovered in 1988 and is restricted to Gove Peninsula in north-eastern Arnhem Land, NT (Braby 2000). It is only known from four locations (Fenner 1991; 1992).

All specimens of the Gove Crow Butterfly have been collected in areas of groundwater forest. The males were commonly found in small glades within the forest or near its boundary with surrounding woodland. Females have been found within 20 metres of the forest edge and seem to be attracted to paperbark blossom (Fenner 1991).

The Gove Crow Butterfly is attracted to paperbark blossom (Melaleuca sp.) as a food source. Tylophora benthamii has also been identified as a possible larval food plant (Fenner 1991). Although not much is known about the feeding habits of the Gove Crow Butterfly, caterpillars of closely related species feed on figs and milkweeds (Wilson 2002).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Andropogon gayanus (Gamba Grass) National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Pennisetum polystachion (Mission Grass, Perennial Mission Grass, Missiongrass, Feathery Pennisetum, Feather Pennisetum, Thin Napier Grass, West Indian Pennisetum, Blue Buffel Grass) National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by exotic pasture species National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Anoplolepis gracilipes (Yellow Crazy Ant, Gramang Ant, Long-legged Ant, Maldive Ant) National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Bubalus bubalis (Water Buffalo, Swamp Buffalo) National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) National Recovery Plan For The Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri (The Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008zzn) [Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2003l) [Listing Advice].

Braby, M.F. (2000). Butterflies of Australia. Canberra: CSIRO.

Fenner, T.L. (1991). A New Subspecies of Euploea Alcathoe (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from the Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Entomological Magazine. 18 (4):149-155.

Fenner, T.L. (1992). Correction and addendum. Australian Entomological Magazine. 19 (3):93.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2003l). Commonwealth Listing Advice on Euploea alcathoe enastri (Gove Crow Butterfly). [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/e-a-enastri.html.

Wilson, Colin (2002). Threatened Species of the Northern Territory Information Sheet - Gove Crow Butterfly Euploea alcathoe enastri. [Online]. NT Nat. Parks & Wildlife Commission. Available from: http://www.nt.gov.au/ipe/pwcnt/invertebrates/gove_crow_butterfly_en.pdf.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Euploea alcathoe enastri in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 29 Jul 2014 12:13:08 +1000.