Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
SA:South Australian Murray Darling Basin Threatened Flora Recovery Plan (Obst, C., 2005) [Report].
State Listing Status
SA: Listed as Vulnerable (National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (South Australia): June 2011 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Vulnerable (Advisory List of Rare or Threatened Plants in Victoria: 2005)
Scientific name Phebalium lowanense [7144]
Family Rutaceae:Sapindales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author J.H.Willis
Infraspecies author  
Reference The Victorian Naturalist 73: 196 (14 Mar. 1957).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Lowan Phebalium is a shrub growing to 60 cm high (Duretto 1999c).

This species occurs in far SE SA and in neighbouring parts of far W Vic. (Lowan Mallee natural region) (Jusaitis 2000).

In SA it is known from the hundreds near Senior and Shaugh including in the Ngarkat Conservation Park. Two historic localities, the Mt Rescue Conservation Park near Bucks Camp Well, and S of Pigsty Soak, were searched in 1989 without success (Jusaitis 2000).

In Vic. it has been recorded from western parts of the Big Desert NP, mostly along or near the road between Yanac and Murrayville (also from roadsides in unreserved land in this area), but also closer to the SA border near Red Bluff and from N of Lillimur (MEL collection records). There are about 500 plants in Victoria (J.G.Eichler & N.G.Walsh, Victorian Workshop 2000, pers. comm.).

This species grows on deep, well-drained, bleached sands with a slight acidic reaction. Its habitat varies from low open woodland dominated by Eucalyptus incrassata, Allocasuarina pusilla, Callitris verrucosa, Baeckea crassifolia and Triodia scariosa, to open shrubland dominated by Banksia ornata, Babingtonia behrii, Allocasuarina pusilla, Leptospermum myrsinoides, Boronia coerulescens and Argentipallium obtusifolium (Jusaitis 2000).

Flowering occurs from Sep.to Oct. The fruit reaches maturity and dehisce (ripen) in Dec. Based on studies of SA populations, plants have a limited lifespan of about 20 years, vegetative growth occurs from Sep. to Nov., and flowering occurs from the fourth year onwards (Jusaitis 2000).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Lepus capensis (Brown Hare) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Marrubium vulgare (Horehound, White Horehound, Hoarhound, Marrube, Houndsbane) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Ehrharta calycina (Perennial Veldtgrass) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Echium plantagineum (Paterson's Curse, Salvation Jane, Purple Bugloss, Blue Echium, Blueweed, Blue Weed, Lady Campbell Weed, Plantain-leaf Viper's Bugloss, Purple Echium, Riverina Bluebell) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Asparagus asparagoides (Bridal Creeper, Bridal Veil Creeper, Smilax, Florist's Smilax, Smilax Asparagus) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Amsinckia spp. (Yellow Burrweed, Yellow Burr Weed, Amsinckia, Buckthorn, Fiddleneck, Fiddle Neck, Tar Weed, Yellow Gromwell, Corn Gromwell, Ironweed, Yellow Iron Weed) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by Briza spp. National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Phebalium lowanense in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006tg) [Internet].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development of roads and railroads National Recovery Plan for the Lowan Phebalium Phebalium lowanense (Carter, O., 2010b) [Recovery Plan].

Duretto, M.F. (1999c). Rutaceae. In: Walsh, N.G. & Entwisle, T.J., eds. Flora of Victoria. 4:153-197. Inkata Press, Melbourne.

Jusaitis, M. (2000). The Ecology, Biology and Conservation of Threatened Phebalium Species in South Australia. Department for Environment and Heritage. Hackney, SA; Plant Biodiversity Centre.

MEL (undated). National Herbarium of Victoria Specimens. [Online]. Available from: http://www.rbg.vic.gov.au/research_and_conservation/herbarium.

Victorian Workshop Participants (2000). Personal communication.

Walsh, N.G. (2002). Personal Communication.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Phebalium lowanense in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Mon, 14 Jul 2014 16:52:52 +1000.