In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Pterostylis pratensis (Liawenee Greenhood) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bm) [Listing Advice].
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
|Policy Statements and Guidelines||
Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
Federal Register of
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (05/10/2001) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2001c) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Pterostylis pratensis |
|Species author||D.L. Jones|
|Reference||Australian Orchid Research 3: 149 (1998).|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
The Liawenee Greenhood is a terrestrial orchid growing to 15 cm tall, with small green and white striped flowers (TSU 2001c).
Pterostylis pratensis may be confused with P. cynocephala or P. ziegeleri (Jones et al. 1999).
This species is found at an altitude of 800-1100 m asl. It grows in subalpine Poa labillardierei tussock grassland which is often low and open with patches of stunted Olearia algida and Hakea microcarpa scrub on red-brown loamy-clay soils derived from basalt (TSU 2001c).
Flowering occurs from mid-Nov to mid-Dec (TSU 2001c).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Pterostylis pratensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006th) [Internet].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Pterostylis pratensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006th) [Internet].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence)||Commonwealth Listing Advice on Pterostylis pratensis (Liawenee Greenhood) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bm) [Listing Advice].|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)||Pterostylis pratensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006th) [Internet].|
|Pollution:Pollution:Habitat degradation and loss of water quality due to salinity, siltaton, nutrification and/or pollution|
|Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals||Commonwealth Listing Advice on Pterostylis pratensis (Liawenee Greenhood) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bm) [Listing Advice].|
Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.
Jones, D.L., H. Wapstra, P. Tonelli & S. Harris (1999). The Orchids of Tasmania. Carlton South, Victoria: Melbourne University Press.
SEMF Pty Ltd (SEMF) (2009). Proposed Cattle Hill Wind Farm Ecological Survey for National Power Pty Ltd.
Threatened Species Unit (TSU) (2001c). Listing Statement Liawenee Pterostylis pratensis. [Online]. Dept Primary Industries, Water & Environment, Tas. Available from: http://www.dpiw.tas.gov.au/inter.nsf/Attachments/SROS-6VJ8CH/$FILE/Pterostylis%20pratensis%20listing%20statement.pdf.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pterostylis pratensis in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 12 Mar 2014 23:54:36 +1100.