Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Critically Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Listing Advice on Pseudophryne pengilleyi (Northern Corroboree Frog) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2013ar) [Listing Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Southern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne corroboree and Northern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne pengilleyi National Recovery Plan (NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (NSW OEH), 2012j) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for infection of amphibians with chytrid fungus resulting in chytridiomycosis (Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006o) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Threat abatement advice for predation, habitat degradation,competition and disease transmission by feral pigs (2013) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2014p) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Survey Guidelines for Australia's Threatened Frogs. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.3 (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2010h) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth) (140) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2013h) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
ACT:Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree): Action Plan No. 6 (ACT Government, 1997c) [State Action Plan].
ACT:Northern Corroboree Frog: An Endangered Species (ACT Government, 2006d) [Internet].
NSW:Northern Corroboree Frog - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005kl) [Internet].
NSW:Threatened Species Management Information Circular No.6 - Hygiene protocol for the control of disease in frogs (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2008b) [Information Sheet].
NSW:Predation by Gambusia holbrooki - The Plague Minnow (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS), 2003i) [State Threat Abatement Plan].
NSW:Northern Corroboree Frog - vulnerable species listing - final determination (NSW Scientific Committee (NSW SC), 1996) [Internet].
NSW:Northern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne pengilleyi - critically endangered species listing (NSW Scientific Committee (NSW SC), 2010a) [Internet].
State Listing Status
ACT: Listed as Endangered (Nature Conservation Act 1980 (Australian Capital Territory): 2013 list)
NSW: Listed as Critically Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): August 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
IUCN: Listed as Endangered (Global Status: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2013.1 list)
Scientific name Pseudophryne pengilleyi [66670]
Family Myobatrachidae:Anura:Amphibia:Chordata:Animalia
Species author Wells & Wellington, 1985
Infraspecies author  
Reference Wells, R.W. & Wellington, C.R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology Supplementary Series 1: 1-61 [3]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Pseudophryne pengilleyi

Common name: Northern Coroboree Frog

This species is conventionally accepted (AFD 2012). Previously included in the Southern Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree) complex (Cogger 1983 cited in Wells & Wellington 1985), the Northern Corroboree Frog was described as a new species due to its different appeareance and distribution (Wells & Wellington 1985) based on the work by Pengilley (e.g. Pengilley 1971, 1971a, 1973, 1992). Differences between the species' include:

  • colour-pattern and morphology (Osborne et al. 1996; Pengilley 1966, 1992), the lime-yellow and black pattern of the Northern Corroboree Frog tends to be less brilliant than that of the Southern Corroboree Frog (Cogger 2000)
  • distribution, the Northern Corroboree Frog occurs in the Brindabella Ranges (Namadgi National Park (NP), Brindabella NP), northern Koscuiszko NP and adjacent state forests, whereas the Southern Corroboree Frog occurs in central Koscuiszko NP (Osborne 1989)
  • considerable genetic divergence (Osborne & Norman 1991; Roberts & Maxson 1989)
  • skin biochemistry (Daly et al. 1990).

The Northern Coroboree Frog's ventral surface is boldly marked with black, yellow and white blotches. A large flat femoral gland is present on each hind limb, and the inner metatarsal tubercle is low and round. Adults reach a length of between 25–30 mm (Cogger 2000).

The Northern Coroboree Frog occurs in two populations, one in the Bogong Mountains/Fiery Range, NSW, the other in the Brindabella Ranges in the ACT (Osborne 1989). Local extinctions have resulted in severe fragmentation (Hunter 2013).

The Fiery Range population occurs from Yarrangobilly to Buccleuch State Forest (SF) at 850–1520 m above sea level (Osborne 1989; Pietsch 2002 pers. comm.). The Brindabella Range population occupies the area from California Flats to Mt Bimberi at 1090–1840 m above sea level and is made up of two subpopulations (Osborne 1989), each represented by frogs that are slightly genetically different (Osborne & Norman 1991). The southern subpopulation is found only in the subalpine zone (above about 1400 m), occurring along the Bimberi Ranges from near the summit of Mt Bimberi northward to Ginini Flats (ACT Government 1997c). The northern subpopulation occurs further north at lower altitudes along the Brindabella Ranges from Bushrangers Creek in the ACT northward to near California Flats in NSW (ACT Government 1997c; Osborne et al. 1999).

The Northern Corroboree Frog disappeared from 40% of its range in the 2000s, declines in the Brindabella Range were more severe (Hunter 2013). Examination of museum records indicate that the species was recorded from Snowy Flats, Ginini Flats, Bulls Head, Lees Spring, Coree Flats, California Flats and Hume Sawmill (Osborne et al. 1999). In 1989. the species was still present at most of these sites but absent from Hume Sawmill (at the northern extremity of its range), but common throughout the Fiery Ranges and Bogong Mountains (Osborne 1989). (Osborne 1989). Between 1994–1998 the species was absent from the Yarrangobilly-Peppercorn Hill area (Osborne et al. 1999).

The extent of occurrence for the species declined by 40% in to 2000s to 550 km² (Hunter 2013). The Brindabella Range population is estimated to have an area of occupancy of 1 km² and is exhibiting ongoing declines (Hunter 2013). A number of sites have become locally extinct, which indicates area of occupancy declines (Hunter 2013).

Surveys for the Northern Coroboree Frog includes:

  • Fiery Ranges and Bogong Mountains, mainly along vehicle tracks, between 1994–1998 (Osborne & Hunter unpubl. data in Osborne et al. 1999)
  • extensive surveys of the Brindabella and Bimberi Ranges, between 1994–1998 (Osborne & Hunter unpubl. data in Osborne et al. 1999)

Monitoring of Northern Coroboree Frog populations includes:

  • annual monitoring of the number of calling males at more than 80 breeding sites, some of which have been monitored since the mid 1990s (NSW DECCW 2010q)
  • a two year program of pitfall trapping at Ginini Flats in the ACT (Osborne 1990b)
  • a four year monitoring program at Coree Flats in the ACT (Pengilley 1992).

An estimate of the total number of adults present in the Northern Corroboree Frog's entire range is 1000 to 5000 individuals (Frogs Australia Network 2005d). The two Brindabella Northern Corroboree Frog populations are in critically low abundance and occur at eleven locations (Hunter 2013; NSW DECCW 2010q). In 2011, 64 males were recorded at the two populations (57 in the north and seven in the south) (Hunter 2013). Declines in the late 1990s were recorded at Ginini Flats (Osborne et al. 1999; Pietsch 2002 pers. comm.) and Coree Flats (Pietsch 2002 pers. comm.). The Fiery population persists in greater abundance, and over a larger range (100 locations), however significant declines and range contractions have occurred in this population (Hunter 2013; NSW DECCW 2010q).

The Northern Coroboree Frog is known from Namadgi NP, Brindabella NP, Kosciuszko NP, Bimberi Nature Reserve, Buccleuch SF, Bondo SF, Micalong SF and Wee Jasper SF (ACT Government 1997c).

The Northern Coroboree Frog is restricted to montane and subalpine woodland, heathland and grassland above 850 m above sea level (Osborne 1991). The species breeds in pools and seepages in Sphagnum bogs and wet heath at higher altitudes, and wet sod-tussock grassland and seepage lines in montane forest at lower altitudes (Osborne 1990b; Pengilley 1966). It shows a strong tendency to breed in ephemeral water bodies that are dry during the non-breeding season (Osborne 1990).

Non-breeding habitat (foraging and shelter) is adjacent to breeding sites and includes forest, sub-alpine woodland and tall heath (Pengilley 1966). Sheltering sites include dense litter, logs and rocks (Pengilley 1966).

The Northern Coroboree Frog occurs in the Alpine Sphagnum Bogs and Associated Fens ecological community, which is listed as Endangered under the EPBC Act.

The Northern Corobore Frog matures at 2–3 years (Pengilley 1992) or 3–4 years (Hunter 2013) and lives up to nine years (for the Southern Corroboree Frog, Hunter 2000). The species generation length is four years at locations below 1300 m and five years at higher altitude locations (Hunter 2013). Adult males move into breeding areas in early summer and call during January and February from small chambers in vegetation at the edge of breeding pools (Hunter 2002 pers. comm.; Osborne 1990b), for up to 70 days (Pengiley 1992). Females enter the bogs briefly to lay their eggs in terrestrial nests, then leave the breeding site (Osborne 1990b). Eggs are laid in small clutches of 16–38 eggs (Pengilley 1973), and more than one clutch can be laid a season (Pengilley 1992).

Tadpoles develop to an advanced state within the egg capsule then enter diapause, awaiting flooding of the nest to trigger hatching (Osborne 1990b). Hatching is thought to occur during autumn and winter during periods of high rainfall or snow melt. The pre-metamorphic period is critical for reproductive success, because the tadpoles and eggs are vulnerable to dessication and pool-drying at this time (ACT Government 1997c). Metamorphsis occurs between December and early February (Pengilley 1966, 1973), or 7–9 months after hatching (Pengilley 1992). At this time, individuals are 8.9 mm snout-urostylis length (which is 36.2% mean adult length) (Pengilley 1992). Very little is known about the life-history of the frogs after they leave the pools as juveniles (ACT Government 1997c). At Coree Flats, sex ratios of 1:1 were recorded in juveniles (Pengilley 1992).

Although the range of the two species' do not overlap, hybridisation between the Northern Corroboree Frog and the Southern Corroboree Frog has been recorded, but with high mortality of larvae (Osborne & Norman 1991). Infertile hybridis of the Northern Corroboree Frog and Bibron's Toadlet (Pseudophryne bibroni) have been observed at three separate location in the Fiery Range (Hunter 2013).

A two year program of pitfall trapping was conducted at Ginini Flats in the ACT. Ginini Flats is a large Sphagnum bog surrounded by Leafy Bossiaea (Bossiaea foliosa) dry heath and subalpine woodland. The results of the study indicated that at the end of the breeding season adult male and female Northern Corroboree Frogs move away from the bog, upslope into surrounding heath and woodland. The dispersal distances travelled at this time can be up to 300 m (Osborne 1990b).

The methods that have successfully been used in the past to survey the Northern Corroboree Frog are call surveys and larval sampling (UC 2003). More details on these methods are available in the Survey Guidelines for Australian Threatened Frogs (DEWHA 2010h).

Call surveys should be conducted during the known calling period of the Northern Corroboree Frog. Calling males have been heard in late January and early February (Hunter 2000; Osborne 1989) and late February for low altitude populations (Osborne pers. comm. cited in Hunter 2013). Call playback (using a tape recorder) is an effective technique for stimulating a response from male frogs. Males respond to loud shouting form the observer (Hunter 2000; Osborne 1989; Scheele 2010).

The larval period of the Northern Corroboree Frog is from August to December (Hunter 2000; Osborne 1989). Tadpoles are known to occur in bog pools and seepages (Pengilley 1973). Corroboree frogs are dark in colour, have a relatively long paddle shaped tail and grow to 30 mm total length (Anstis 2002).

The Northern Coroboree Frog is one of a number of Australian alpine amphibian species, including Alpine Tree Frog (Litoria verreauxii alpina), Southern Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree) and Baw Baw Frog (Philoria frosti), which have experienced pronounced population declines for unknown reasons. It is likely that declines will continue through the 2010s (Hunter 2013). There is no single aspect of the field biology of these species which stands out as a feature in common that may help explain the declines (Osborne et al. 1999). Osborne and colleagues (1999) reviewed some of the possible factors contributing to population declines at high altitudes including long term weather patterns and pathogens such as the Chytrid fungus (Berger et al. 1999).

Chytridiomycosis affects the Northern Corroboree Frog throughout its range (Hunter et al. 2010). This highly virulent fungal pathogen of amphibians is capable at the minimum of causing sporadic deaths in some populations, and 100 per cent mortality in other populations (AGDEH 2006o). Chytrid fungus has been detected in some museum specimens of the species (Osborne 2001 pers. comm.). The spread of this diease is possibly facilitated by the Common Eastern Froglet (Crinia signifera) (Hunter et al. 2009).

Climate change is predicted to decrease winter and spring precipitation for the Australian Alps (Hennessey et al. 2003) that may lower spring water tables and result in pools drying earlier (Hunter 2013). Although droughts are a common in south-east Australia, climate change may increase the severity and frequency of these events (Hunter 2013).

Invasive exotic plant species occur at a number of breeding sites in the Fiery Ranges and northern Brindabella Ranges (Osborne 1990b). Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) can completely smother and shade breeding habitat rendering it unsuitable for frogs (Osborne 1991). Infestations that may have caused localised extinction occur at Bondo SF, Micalong SF, Wee Jasper SF and Kosciuszko NP (Hunter 2013).

The Pig (Sus scrofa), the Horse (Equus equus), the Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolour) and the Fallow Deer (Dama dama) have been observed damaging habitat. Ultimately, trampling and grazing by these species cause wetland incision that alters drainage patterns and vegetation structure (Costin et al. 1959; Hunter 2013; McDougall 1989; Whinam & Chilcott 2002).

The majority of Northern Corroboree Forg habitat is intact across its range and recolonisation would be expected if threatening process were abated (Hunter 2013). Captive populations exist at Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve, Healesville Sanctuary and Taronga Zoo. Re-introductions are planned for Namadgi NP (southern Brindabella population) and have commenced in Brindabella NP (northern Brindabella population) (Hunter 2013).

The Horse has been effectively controlled in the Brindabella Range (Namadgi NP), however, there has only been limited efforts to control the pest in Kosciuszko NP and adjacent state forests (Hunter 2013). Targeted Blackberry control has been undertaken, although mapping of infestations in Fiery Range is required prior to undertaking a strategic control program (Hunter 2013). A number of other conservation measure have been undertaken, including (NSW OEH 2012j):

  • systematic surveys in the Brindabella Ranges
  • annual monitoring
  • various research projects
  • development and implementation of effective captive breeding protocols
  • development and implementation of forest operation prescriptions.

The Southern Corroboree Frog and Northern Corroboree Frog National Recovery Plan (NSW OEH 2012j) outlines a strategy of consolidating current knowledge and recovery efforts for the Northern Corroboree Frog, and developing effective management actions that will increase the distribution and abundance of the species in the wild. The plan also include forest prescriptions for populations occuring in Bondo SF and Micalong SF (NSW OEH 2012j). Further surveys are required in the Fiery Range population to identify and accurately map occupied breeding habitat (NSW OEH 2012j). Eight populations are planned to be enclosed by horse exclusion plots (Hunter 2013).

Management documents relevant to the Northern Corroboree Frog are at the start of the profile.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat disturbance due to foresty activities The biology and management of the Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree) in NSW. Species Management Report No. 8. (Osborne, W.S., 1991) [Report].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Reduced rainfall caused by climate change Population declines and range contraction in Australian alpine frogs. In: A. Campbell, ed. Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs. Page(s) 145-157. (Osborne, W., D. Hunter & G. Hollis, 1999) [Book].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006sv) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Mimulus moschatus (Monkey Musk, Musk Monkey-flower) Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006sv) [Internet].
The conservation biology of Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae): a study of insular populations Ph.D. Thesis. (Osborne, W.S., 1990b) [Ph.D. Thesis].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Rubus fruticosus aggregate (Blackberry, European Blackberry) Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006sv) [Internet].
The conservation biology of Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae): a study of insular populations Ph.D. Thesis. (Osborne, W.S., 1990b) [Ph.D. Thesis].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Equus caballus (Horse) The threat posed by pest animals to biodiversity in New South Wales (Coutts-Smith, A.J., P.S. Mahon, M. Letnic & P.O. Downey, 2007) [Management Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006sv) [Internet].
The biology and management of the Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree) in NSW. Species Management Report No. 8. (Osborne, W.S., 1991) [Report].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Presence of pathogens and resulting disease Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006sv) [Internet].
Personal Communication (Osborne, W., 2001) [Personal Communication].
Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006sv) [Internet].

ACT Government (1997c). Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree): Action Plan No. 6. [Online]. Canberra: Environment ACT. Available from: http://www.environment.act.gov.au/cpr/conservation_and_ecological_communities/threatened_species_action_plans.

Anstis, M. (2002). Tadpoles of South-eastern Australia. A guide with keys. Sydney, NSW: Reed New Holland.

Australian Faunal Directory (AFD) (2012). Australian Faunal Directory. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/home.

Berger, L., R. Speare & A. Hyatt (1999). Chytrid fungi and amphibian declines: overview, implications and future directions. In: Campbell, A., ed. Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs. Page(s) 23-33. [Online]. Canberra: Environment Australia. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/frogs.html.

Cogger, H.G. (2000). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia - 6th edition. Sydney, NSW: Reed New Holland.

Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH) (2006o). Threat Abatement Plan for infection of amphibians with chytrid fungus resulting in chytridiomycosis. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/chytrid.html.

Costin, A.B., D.J. Wimbush, D. Kerr & L.W. Gay (1959). Studies in Catchment Hydrology in the Australian Alps: Trends in soils and vegetation. Division of Plant Industry Technical Paper No. 13. CSIRO, Canberra.

Daly, J.W., H.M. Garraffo, L.K. Pannell, T.F. Spande, C. Severini & V. Erspamer (1990). Alkaloids from Australian frogs (Myobatrachidae): pseudophrynamines and pumiliotoxins. Journal of Natural Products. 53:407-421.

Frogs Australia Network (2005d). Fact Sheet: Pseudophryne pengilleyi. [Online]. Available from: http://www.frogsaustralia.net.au/frogs/display.cfm?frog_id=81. [Accessed: 29-Jun-2006].

Hennessey, K., P. Whetton, I. Smith, J. Bathols, M. Hutchinson & J. Sharples (2003). The impact of climate change on snow conditions in mainland Australia. A report to the Victorian DSE, Victorian Greenhouse Office, Parks Victoria, NSW NPWS, NSW DIPNR, Australian Greenhouse Office and Australian Ski Areas Association. CSIRO Atmospheric Research: Melbourne.

Hunter, D. (2000). The conservation and demography of the southern corroboree frog (Pseudophryne corroboree). M.Sc. Thesis. Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra, Canberra.

Hunter, D. (2002). Personal Communication.

Hunter, D. (2013). Northern Corroboree Frog - Species Information Sheet. Provided to the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.

Hunter, D., R. Pietsch, N. Clemann, M. Scroggie, G. Hollis & G. Marantelli (2009). Prevalence of the amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) in populations of two frog species in the Australian Alps. Report to the Australian Alps Liaison Committee.

Hunter, D.A., R. Speare, G. Marantelli, D. Mendez, R. Pietch & W. Osborne (2010). Presence of the amphibian chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, in threatened corroboree frog populations in the Australian Alps. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 92:209-16.

McDougall, K.M. (1989). The Effect of Excluding Cattle from a Mossbed on the Bogong High Plains, Victoria. Technical Report Series. 95. Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research.

NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2010q). National Recovery Plan for the Southern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne corroboree and Northern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne pengilleyi.

NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (NSW OEH) (2012j). Southern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne corroboree and Northern Corroboree Frog Pseudophryne pengilleyi National Recovery Plan. [Online]. Hurstville: NSW OEH. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/pseudophryne-corroboree-pengilleyi.html.

Osborne, W. (2001). Personal Communication.

Osborne, W., D. Hunter & G. Hollis (1999). Population declines and range contraction in Australian alpine frogs. In: A. Campbell, ed. Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs. Page(s) 145-157. Canberra: Environment Australia.

Osborne, W.S. (1988). A survey of the distribution, abundance and habitats of Corroboree Frogs, Pseudophryne corroboree in Kosciusko National Park: with reference to ski resort development. Report for NSW NPWS.

Osborne, W.S. (1989). Distribution, relative abundance and conservation status of Corroboree Frogs, Pseudophryne corroboree (Anura: Myobatrachidae). Australian Wildlife Research. 16:537-547.

Osborne, W.S. (1990b). The conservation biology of Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae): a study of insular populations. Ph.D. Thesis. Canberra: Australian National University.

Osborne, W.S. (1991). The biology and management of the Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree) in NSW. Species Management Report No. 8. NPWS, Hurtsville, NSW.

Osborne, W.S. & J.A. Norman (1991). Conservation Genetics of Corroboree Frogs Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae): population subdivision and genetic divergence. Australian Journal of Zoology. 39:285-297.

Osborne, W.S., R.A. Zentelis & M. Lau (1996). Geographical variation in corroboree frogs, Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae): a reappraisal supports recognition of P. pengilleyi Wells and Wellington. Australian Journal of Zoology. 44:569-587.

Pengilley, R. (1992). Natural History of Pseudophryne spp. (Anura: Myobatrachidae) in the Southern Highlands of N.S.W., Australia. Sydney Basin Naturalist. 1:9-29.

Pengilley, R.K. (1971). The food of some Australian anurans. Journal of Zoology (London). 163:93-103.

Pengilley, R.K. (1971a). Calling and associated behaviour of some species of Pseudophryne (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Journal of Zoology (London). 163:73-92.

Pengilley, R.K. (1973). Breeding biology of some species of of Pseudophryne (Anura: Leptodactylidae) of the Southern Highlands, New South Wales. Australian Zoologist. 18:15-30.

Pengilley, R.K. (1966). The biology of the genus Pseudophryne (Anura: Leptodactylidae). M.Sc. Thesis. Canberra: Australian National University.

Pietsch, R. (2002). Personal communication.

Roberts, J.D. & L.R. Maxson (1989). A Molecular Perspective on Relationships of Australian Pseudophryne (Anura: Myobatrachidae) . Systematic Biology. 38(2):154-165.

Scheele, B. (2010). Climate Drying Causes the Rapid Decline of a Threatened Frog Species in South-Eastern Australia. Hons. Thesis. Australian National University.

University of Canberra (UC) (2003). Survey Standards for Australian Frogs. Canberra, Australia: Applied Ecology Research Group, UC.

Whinam, J. & N. Chilcott (2002). Floristic description and environmental relationships of Sphagnum communities in NSW and the ACT and their conservation managment. Cunninghamia. 7:463-500.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pseudophryne pengilleyi in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 23 Sep 2014 06:43:59 +1000.