Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Philotheca ericifolia
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Philotheca ericifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ck) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Philotheca ericifolia.
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Philotheca ericifolia - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005iz) [Internet].
NSW:Review of the Threatened Species Conservation Act Schedules 2007-2009 (NSW Scientific Committee (NSW SC), 2009b) [State Species Management Plan].
Scientific name Philotheca ericifolia [64942]
Family Rutaceae:Sapindales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (A.Cunn.ex Benth.) Paul G.Wilson
Infraspecies author  
Reference Wilson, Paul G. (1998) A taxonomic review of the genera Eriostemon and Philotheca (Rutaceae: Boronieae). Nuytsia 12(2): 251 [comb. nov.]
Other names Eriostemon ericifolius [19009]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Philotheca ericifolia is a shrub growing to 2 m high with white, possibly pink flowers ( Ayers et al. 1996; Harden 1991; Wilson 1970)

This species inhabits the north-western slopes and central western slopes of NSW, from the upper Hunter Valley, to Pilliga and to the Peak Hill district ( Harden 1991; Wilson 1970). The species is found at Goonoo Forest near Mogriguy, Pilliga Forest, Harvey Ranges and Peak Hill (Ayres et al. 1996). It is conserved in Wingen Maid NR, where there are fewer than 1000 plants (Briggs & Leigh 1996).

There have been many recent collections of the species (NSW NPWS 2000, pers. comm.). A large population is reported to occur in Biddon SF near Gilgandra (Western Conservation Alliance 2004).

This species occurs in drainage areas in dry sclerophyll open forest or woodland on sandstone ( Ayers et al. 1996; Harden 1991), and in heath on damp sandy flats and gullies (Harden 1991). Specific microclimates include damp sandy flats, alluvial deposits of coarse gravel in dry creek beds and along a spur receiving soakage from high ground (ROTAP in Ayers et al. 1996). Associated species include Eucalyptus crebra, Beyeria viscosa and Philotheca australis (Ayers et al. 1996).

Flowers appear during spring (Ayers et al. 1996; Harden 1991; Wilson 1970).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Philotheca ericifolia in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rc) [Internet].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat disturbance due to foresty activities Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Philotheca ericifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ck) [Conservation Advice].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Decline in habitat quality Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Philotheca ericifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ck) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Philotheca ericifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ck) [Conservation Advice].

Ayers, D., S. Nash & K. Baggett (Eds) (1996). Threatened Species of Western New South Wales. Hurstville: NSW NPWS.

Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1991). Flora of New South Wales, Volume Two. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

Meredith, L.D. & M.M. Richardson (1990). Rare or Threatened Australian Plant Species in Cultivation in Australia. Report Series No. 15. Page(s) 1-114. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2000). Personal communication. Sydney: NSW NPWS.

Western Conservation Alliance (2004). Values of Proposed Reserve Areas in the Brigalow Belt South Bioregion, NSW. [Online]. Western Conservation Alliance, NSW. Available from:

Wilson, P.G. (1970). A Taxonomic Revision of the genera Crowea, Eriostemon and Phebalium (Rutaceae). Nuytsia. 1:1-155.

Wilson, P.G. (1998a). A taxonomic review of the genera Eriostemon and Philotheca (Rutaceae: Boronieae). Nuytsia. 12(2):239-265.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Philotheca ericifolia in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Mon, 22 Sep 2014 02:13:28 +1000.