In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Endangered|
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans||
Recovery Plan for Tuggeranong Lignum (Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong) (Environment ACT, 2004c) [Recovery Plan].
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong |
|Reference||Telopea 7(3): 215 (1997).|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
The Tuggeranong Lignum is a sprawling, scarcely woody shrub with branches growing to approximately 80 cm long. It eventually becomes a loose tangled mound of wiry stems, growing to 1 m high and 1-2 m across (Makinson & Mallinson 1997; Mallinson et al 1998).
This species is known only from flood terraces on the eastern bank of the Murrumbidgee River near Tuggeranong on the southern outskirts of Canberra (NSW Southern Tablelands botanical district) (Makinson & Mallinson 1997). It is as yet only known from the Pine Island area in the Murrumbidgee Corridor Nature Reserve (Mallinson et al. 1998).
The Tuggeranong Lignum was described from a single female plant and six male plants discovered in 1997. In May 1999, an additional male plant was discovered a short distance from the other seven plants. Although extensive searches for other specimens have taken place, this population appears to be the only one in existence (ACT Government 1999).
This species is known only from flood terraces on the eastern bank of the Murrumbidgee River at an altitude of about 550 m, in areas of rocky outcrop with pockets of silty sand soil (Makinson & Mallinson 1998).
The plants occur on river bank terraces prone to occasional flooding, and on an adjacent gentle slope. This section of the river is typified by rapids, sand reaches and boulders, with uneven rocky flood terraces, some up to about 100 m wide, at 2-8 m above normal river level. Down stream of Pine Island the river forms rugged gorges. The higher surrounding terrain is gently sloping, open and undulating (Mallinson et al. 1998).
The last flood to have inundated levels on which at least three of the known plants occur was in 1991. The sole female plant was probably inundated by a smaller flood in 1994. The plants are situated 1.5 m above normal summer river levels (Mallinson et al. 1998).
It grows in medium to course-textured alluvium, mainly quartzitic sand and gravel, with local richer pockets of silty sand soil. Soil around all plants have a low organic content. The species also grows in crevices amongst larger rock outcrops (Mallinson et al. 1998).
This species is found in a disturbed riparian shrub and woodland association, heavily invaded by exotic weeds. The patchy, open tree layer comprises remnant native species and introduced willows. The understory varies from densely vegetated to open with scattered grasses and shrubs, with areas of bare rock and sand. This species is found in both exposed situations in crevices on nearby bare rock, or tangled among other vegetation (Mallinson et al. 1998).
Flowering has been observed in this species from Dec. to late Feb. (Mallinson et al. 1998).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence)||Tuggeranong Lignum. Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong an endangered species. Action Plan No. 24 (ACT Government, 1999) [State Action Plan].|
|Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities||Tuggeranong Lignum. Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong an endangered species. Action Plan No. 24 (ACT Government, 1999) [State Action Plan].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies|
|Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals|
ACT Government (1999). Tuggeranong Lignum. Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong an endangered species. Action Plan No. 24. [Online]. Canberra: Environment ACT. Available from: http://www.environment.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/234477/actionplans24.pdf.
ACT Government (2007a). Ribbons of Life: ACT Aquatic Species and Riparian Zone Conservation Strategy. [Online]. Action Plan No. 29. Canberra: Department of Territory and Municipal Services. Available from: http://www.environment.act.gov.au/cpr/conservation_and_ecological_communities/aquatic_species_and_riparian_zone_conservation_strategy.
Makinson, R.O. & D.J. Mallinson (1997). Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong (Polygonaceae): A new species from the Canberra district. Telopea. 7(3):215-219.
Mallinson, D., B. Armstrong, K. Baker, L. Bogie, L. Docherty, S. Gilmore, E. Hopkins, S. Indhamusika, M, Jewell, V. Kishvar, J. Mant, H. Mills.; J. Neal; J. Paul; J. Macnamara, F. Stadler & M. Wilkinson (1998). Ecology and conservation status of Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong (Polygonaceae) near Canberra. Cunninghamia. 5(3):773-778. Sydney, National Herbarium of New South Wales.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 29 Aug 2014 19:15:45 +1000.