In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Endangered|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Conostylis drummondii (Drummond's Conostylis) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008km) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Conostylis drummondii |
|Reference||Flora Australiensis 6 (23 Sep. 1873) 433.|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
The Drummond's Conostylis is a rhizomatous, tufted, perennial, grass-like herb with erect, finely hairy, rounded leaves to 30 cm long, faintly blue-grey in appearance (Graham & Mitchell 2001). Flowers are yellow with stamens occurring at two levels (Brown et al. 1998).
Occurs in the Boscabel-Arthur River-Wagin area (Hopper et al. 1987) in the wheatbelt region (Katanning District) of WA. In 2001 there were 9 populations with a number of subpopulations, one population occurring in a nature reserve (Graham & Mitchell, 2001).
Population details as in Graham & Mitchell (2001):
|Location||Land Status||Year of survey/|
number of plants
|1||Wagin||NR||1988 - 250+||Damaged by rabbits|
|2a||Boscabel||Road||1990 - 26||Undisturbed|
|2b||Boscabel||Road||1990 - 4||Undisturbed|
|2c||Boscabel||Private||1988 - ca 1000||Some disturbance|
|3||Konjup||OCL (Other Crown Land)||1989 - 50+||Grazing by kangaroos|
|4a||Beaufort||Road||1989 - 141||Minor grazing by kangaroos|
|4b||Beaufort||OCL||1989 - 125||Minor grazing by kangaroos|
|5||Marribank||OCL||1989 - 1||Undisturbed|
|6a||Marribank||OCL||1989 - 1||Undisturbed|
|6b||Marribank||OCL||1990 - 18||Undisturbed|
|7||Beaufort||OCL||1991 - 230+||Some grazed by rabbits|
|8||Arthur River||OCL||1989 - nil||Population destroyed|
|9||Chittinup||TR (Timber Reserve)||1992 - 25||Undisturbed|
Grows near watercourses in low open banksia woodland and heath (Hopper et al. 1987) and occurs on white, grey or yellow sand or gravel (Paczkowska & Chapman 2000). It is usually associated with Banksia prionotes, B. attenuata, Leptospermum erubescens and Regelia cymbifolia (Graham & Mitchell 2001).
Flowering occurs Oct. to Nov. (Hopper et al. 1987). The genus consists of a mixture of insect and bird pollinated species (Holland et al. 1997b). It may reproduce by seed but can also sprout from rhizomatous buds (Paczkowska & Chapman 2000).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Conostylis drummondii in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006fc) [Internet].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Decline in habitat quality||Conostylis drummondii in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006fc) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit)||Conostylis drummondii in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006fc) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback||Phytophthora cinnamomi||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Conostylis drummondii (Drummond's Conostylis) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008km) [Conservation Advice].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)|
|Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Poor recruitment (regeneration) and declining population numbers||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Conostylis drummondii (Drummond's Conostylis) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008km) [Conservation Advice].|
Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.
Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.
Graham, M. & M. Mitchell (2000). Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District. [Online]. Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.
Grein, S.B. (1994). Native Vegetation Handbook for the Shire of Woonanilling. Page(s) 43. Western Australian Department of Agriculture.
Holland, E., K. Kershaw & A. Brown (1997b). Small-flowered Conostylis (Conostylis micrantha) Interim Recovery Plan 1996-1999. Wanneroo, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.
Hopper, S.D., R.W. Purdie, A.S. George & S.J. Patrick (1987). Conostylis. In: Flora of Australia. 45:57-110. Canberra, ACT: Australian Government Publishing Service.
Paczkowska, G. & A.R. Chapman (2000). The Western Australian Flora, A Descriptive Catalogue. The Wildflower Society of Western Australia (Inc.), the Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Conservation and Land Management and the Botanic Gardens & Parks Authority.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Conostylis drummondii in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 24 Apr 2014 03:44:53 +1000.