In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable as Zieria verrucosa|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Zieria verrucosa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008xm) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Zieria sp. Monogorilby (P.I.Forster PIF 1004).
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (11/04/2007) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2007f) [Legislative Instrument] as Zieria verrucosa.
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Zieria verrucosa |
|Reference||Australian Systematic Botany 15(3): 456, figs 137-138, map fig. 139 (2002).|
Zieria sp. 13 (sp. 'K'; W. of Mundubbera) 
Zieria sp. 18 (Monogorilby) 
Zieria sp. Monogorilby (P.I.Forster PIF 1004) 
Zieria sp. 1 
Zieria verrucosa Armstrong ms. 
Zieria verrucosa J.A.Armstrong ms. 
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
Shrub to 2 m high (BRI undated) with conspicuous creamy-white to pinkish flowers (Armstrong 2002).
This species is restricted to south-eastern Qld, with a distributional range of c. 100 km in the Mundubbera and Chinchilla Shires (BRI undated; Armstrong 2002). It has been recorded at seven locations in the Proston-Abbeywood area and single locations at Monogorilby and Narayen Stations, south and west of Mundubbera respectively. A record from Amamoor near Gympie is considered erroneous (BRI undated).
Records in the Proston-Abbeywood area are:
1) Speedwell (in 1997 c. 100-200 individuals observed, adjacent to council gravel pit) (BRI undated)
2) Proston Town Reserve (in 1989 population < 50 individuals observed) (Forster, P.I. 2001, pers. comm.)
3) Reinke Scrub Conservation Park (reported to be rare to common, with c. 50 plants counted in an area 20 x 20 m in 1994, last recorded in 1996) (BRI undated; Barry & Thomas 1994)
4) S of Abbeywood (in 1989 and 1994, reported to be common with 100-150 individuals counted in an area 50 x 10 m in 1994, land tenure unknown) (BRI undated; Barry & Thomas 1994)
5) Stalworth Rd N of Proston (in 1996, reported to be occasional to common, in remnant vegetation on roadside) (BRI undated)
6) W of Proston (in 1949, population size and land tenure unknown) (BRI undated)
7) 4-6 km SW of Proston (in 1979, population size unknown, roadside) (BRI undated).
In 1994, it was described as common at Monogorilby, with 100-150 individuals in an area 50 x 50 m (Barry & Thomas 1994; BRI undated). This population remained unchanged in 2001 (Forster, P.I. 2001, pers. comm.).
Last recorded at Narayen in 1967. The population size is unknown (BRI). Narayen was until recently a CSIRO Pastoral Research Station, but the land tenure has changed now to a reserve vested in the Queensland Department of Natural Resources.
See Barry & Thomas (1994) for location maps of populations.
This species was known as Zieria sp. Monogorilby and Z. sp. 1 before it was described by Armstrong (2002) as Z. verucosa.
Previously misidentified as Zieria granulata, Z. verucosa differs in having linear-oblong leaflets with revolute margins (Stanley & Ross 1983; Armstrong 2002). The true Z. granulata is restricted to the Kiama district, on the central coast of NSW. What had previously been referred to as Z. granulata in Qld publications is in fact Z. furfuracea (Armstrong 2002).
This species occurs on gently inclined hillslopes at elevations between 360 and 500 m asl. The predominant soil types are brown to dark reddish brown sandy loams and clay loams (pH 5.0-5.5) formed on a variety of parent materials (Barry & Thomas 1994; BRI undated).
It grows in semi-evergreen vine thicket or eucalypt open forest or woodland communities with a shrubby vine thicket understorey. Associated tree species in open forest and woodland communities include Eucalyptus fibrosa, E. melanoleuca, E. apothalassica, E. crebra, E. exserta, Corymbia intermedia, Melaleuca groveana and Acacia tenuinervis (BRI undated). For vegetation composition of vine thicket stands see Barry and Thomas (1994).
At Monogorilby, the species occurs on a north-western slope (alt 360 m) on soils ranging from red krasnozem and black earth to shallower soils overlying sandstone with a high lime content ( P. Forster, pers. comm. in Armstrong 2002). Associated vegetation is softwood-brigalow scrub containing Croton phebalioides, Cupaniopsis parvifolia, Flindersia collina, F. australis, Owenia venosa, Acacia harpophylla, A. leiocalyx subsp. leiocalyx, Abutilon indica, Santalum lanceolatum, Maytenus disperma, Geijera salicifolia var. salicifolia, G. parviflora, Canthium buxifolium and C. vaccinifolium (Armstrong 2002).
At Narayen, the species grows on red podzolic soils formed on Cainozoic laterised sediments (sandstone and mudstone) in layered open forest amongst Eucalyptus crebra and Acacia sparsiflora (Armstrong 2002).
The Abbeywood site and parts of the Monogorilby site are recorded as areas of vine thicket regrowth. The vine thickets in this district in the past have been cleared for grazing and other agricultural purposes (BRI undated; Barry & Thomas 1994).
Flowers are borne mainly in spring (Stanley & Ross 1983 - as Zieria sp. 1; Armstrong 2002). but recorded Mar., May, June and Aug (BRI undated). Fruiting specimens reported in summer (Armstrong 2002) but has been collected in Mar., June, Aug. and Sept (BRI undated).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Zieria verrucosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006xi) [Internet].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Zieria verrucosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006xi) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Bryophyllum tubiflorum (Mother-of-millions)||Zieria verrucosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006xi) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Lantana camara (Lantana, Common Lantana, Kamara Lantana, Large-leaf Lantana, Pink Flowered Lantana, Red Flowered Lantana, Red-Flowered Sage, White Sage, Wild Sage)|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Opuntia stricta (Common Prickly Pear, Erect Prickly Pear, Common Pest Pear, Spiny Pest Pear, Smooth Pest Pear, Sour Prickly Pear, Australian Pest Pear, Gayndah Prickly Pear, Dillen Prickly Pear, Pipestem Prickly Pear)|
|Panicum maximum (Guinea Grass, Green Panic, Hamil Grass)|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)|
|Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads|
Armstrong, J.A. (2002). Zieria (Rutaceae): a systematic and evolutionary study. Australian Systematic Botany. 15:277-463.
Barry, S.J. & G.T. Thomas (1994). Threatened Vascular Rainforest Plants of South-east Queensland: A Conservation Review. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage.
Forster, P.I. (2001). Personal Communication.
Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.
Stanley, T.D. & E.M. Ross (1983). Flora of south-eastern Queensland. Volume One. Brisbane, Queensland: Department of Primary Industries.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Zieria verrucosa in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 1 Aug 2014 11:15:35 +1000.