Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Aniseed Boronia Boronia galbraithiae - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & N. Walsh, 2006e) [Recovery Plan].
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Government
    Documents and Websites
VIC:Flora and Fauna Guarantee Action Statement 205-Aniseed Boronia Boronia galbraithiae (Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment (Vic. DSE), 2008a) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Threatened (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Victoria): May 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Vulnerable (Advisory List of Rare or Threatened Plants in Victoria: 2005)
Scientific name Boronia galbraithiae [56484]
Family Rutaceae:Sapindales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Albr.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Muelleria 8(1): 24 (1993).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Galbraith's Boronia is an erect woody shrub to 2 m high with a fennel scent and white to deep pink flowers (Duretto 2003).

This species is endemic to Victoria. It is known only from the vicinity of Mt Difficulty, between Stockdale and Dargo, in East Gippsland (Walsh & Entwisle 1999; Duretto 2003), where it is patchily distributed for about two km along the Insolvent Track. Although the population occupies a small area, plants of B. galbraithiae are locally plentiful (Albrecht & Walsh 1993). About 200-300 plants have been found at this locality (Victorian Workshop 2000, pers. comm.). Subsequent searches in the area have revealed another small population of about 12 plants some 3.5 km east of the main stand (MEL undated). It is estimated that there are between 150 and 900 mature individuals in total (NRE 2000).

Boronia galbraithiae is closely related to B. muelleri and at least superficially resembles B. microphylla (Albrecht & Walsh 1993).

Boronia galbraithiae occurs in open dry sclerophyll forest on skeletal spurs and upper slopes between about 420 and 540 m altitude. The soil is shallow and derived from Ordovician sediments. Associated species include Eucalyptus sieberi, Persoonia confertiflora, Platysace lanceolata, Dillwynia phylicoides, Chionochloa (=Joycea) pallida and Poa sp. aff. gunnii (Albrecht & Walsh 1993; Walsh & Entwisle 1999; Duretto 2003).

Flowers are borne in spring (Walsh & Entwisle 1999) or Apr. to Oct. (MEL undated); fruiting material has been collected in April (Duretto 2003).

Following fire in part of the population, plants were observed to be resprouting from rootstocks and some seedling recruitment was also evident (Albrecht & Walsh 1993).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting Aniseed Boronia Boronia galbraithiae - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & N. Walsh, 2006e) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Aniseed Boronia Boronia galbraithiae - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & N. Walsh, 2006e) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Aniseed Boronia Boronia galbraithiae - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & N. Walsh, 2006e) [Recovery Plan].

Albrecht, D.E. & Walsh, N.G. (1993). Two new species of Boronia (Rutaceae) endemic in Victoria. Muelleria. 8(1):21-25.

Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Carter, A. & N. Walsh (2003). Recovery Plan for Boronia galbraithiae (Aniseed Boronia) 2004-2008. Page(s) 19. Arthur Rylah Institute, Dept of Sutainability & Environment, Melbourne. Environment Australia, Canberra.

Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DNRE) (2000). VROTPOP database.

Duretto, M.F. (2003). Notes on Boronia (Rutaceae) in eastern and northern Australia. Lebel, T. & M. Duretto, eds. Muelleria. 17:19-135. Melbourne: Royal Botanic Gardens.

MEL (undated). National Herbarium of Victoria Specimens. [Online]. Available from:

Victorian Workshop Participants (2000). Personal communication.

Walsh, N.G. (2003). Personal Communication.

Walsh, N.G. & T.J. Entwisle. (eds) (1999). Flora of Victoria, Volume Four. Melbourne, Royal Botanic Gardens, Inkata.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Boronia galbraithiae in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Wed, 1 Oct 2014 09:42:42 +1000.