In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable as Ozothamnus eriocephalus|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ozothamnus eriocephalus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008aas) [Conservation Advice].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Ozothamnus eriocephalus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2012bd) [Listing Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Ozothamnus eriocephalus.
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Ozothamnus eriocephalus |
|Species author||(J.H.Willis) Anderb.|
|Reference||Opera Botanica 104: 89 (1991).|
|Other names||Helichrysum eriocephalum |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
Current name: Ozothamnus eriocephalus
Synonym: Helichrysum eriocephalum
Ozothamnus eriocephalus, is a weakly woody shrub to 0.6 m high, with fine white hairs forming a mat over the branches. Leaves are lance shaped and both surfaces are covered in a web of fine white hairs. Floral heads form dense sub-hemispherical corymbs with a dense webbing of fine hairs. Floral heads consist of about 40 bisexual florets, and are white to mauve or bluish (Burbidge 1958; Queensland Herbarium 2009).
Ozothamnus eriocephalus is restricted to the east-central area of Queensland, between Bowen and Mackay (Queensland Herbarium 2009), with an extent of occurrence of approximately 15 000 km² (Queensland Herbarium 2009). There are 14 collection records that consist of nine locations (Queensland Herbarium 2009). Locations include Mount Abbott (private land), Gloucester Island (Dryander NP), the Lake Elphinstone area (one collection in 1870), Clarke Range (Eungella NP) and near Sydney Heads (Denham Range, Homevale NP) (Bean 1994b; Pollock 2001 pers. comm.; Queensland Herbarium 2009).
Specimen labels note Ozothamnus eriocephalus as "common", "occasional" and "only one plant seen" at collection sites (Queensland Herbarium 2009).
Ozothamnus eriocephalus occurs in Homevale NP, Eungella NP and Gloucester NP (Queensland Herbarium 2009).
This species is known from a range of habitat types, including the margins of disturbed notophyll vine forest, margins of gallery forest, microphyll vine forest, tall open New England Blackbutt (Eucalyptus andrewsii) - E. resinifera forest with an understorey of Allocasuarina littoralis, in open eucalypt forest and on rocky ridges with Eucalyptus spp. - Acacia spp. scrub (Bean 1994; Queensland Herbarium 2009). It is also known from the edge of creek banks and in crevices on steep granite slopes, often in sunny situations. It is known from moderate to high elevations ranging from 380–950 m. It occurs on skeletal, sandy or gravelly soils or occasionally deeper red-brown clay loams derived from granites and sandstones (BRI collection records; Bean 1992b, 1994b; Pollock 1997).
Flowering occurs in March to September and fruiting is recorded in March and July (Queensland Herbarium 2009).
Ozothamnus eriocephalus is not a very distinct species; therefore, surveys should be conducted during the flowering period (Bean 2009a), when they are most readily identified.
Potential threats to Ozothamnus eriocephalus include inappropriate fire regimes, inappropriate grazing regimes and degradation of habitat by weeds. Threatening weed species include Lantana (Lantana camara), Molasses Grass (Melinis minutiflora), Guinea Grass (Panicum maximum) and Billygoat Weed (Ageratum conyzoides) (Pollock 1997). Timber harvesting is no longer a threat, as timber areas are now conserved in national parks (Bean 2009a).
A draft Species Management Profile has been developed by the Queensland Government for the amelioration of impacts during forest operations that may impact Ozothamnus eriocephalus (Pollock 1997). Protective measures include (Pollock 1997):
- Where O. eriocephalus occurs, establish a protective buffer which excludes clearing. Minimum buffer area is to be 2500 m² (0.25 ha). All O. eriocephalus plants should be at least 25 m inside the buffer boundary.
- Where practical, control weeds such as Lantana (Lantana camara), Guinea Grass (Panicum maximum), Molasses Grass (Melinis minutiflora), Cobblers Peg (Bidens pilosa) or Blue-top (Ageratum conyzoides) on sites where O. eriocephalus occurs.
- Monitor the impact of grazing and adjust grazing management to ameliorate adverse impacts.
- Minimise the risk of a hot wildfire on sites where O. eriocephalus occurs, and until the optimum fire regimes are determined, continue to carry out prescribed burns, provided hot fires are avoided.
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Ozothamnus eriocephalus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006qd) [Internet].|
|Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting||Ozothamnus eriocephalus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006qd) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Lantana camara (Lantana, Common Lantana, Kamara Lantana, Large-leaf Lantana, Pink Flowered Lantana, Red Flowered Lantana, Red-Flowered Sage, White Sage, Wild Sage)||Ozothamnus eriocephalus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006qd) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Panicum maximum (Guinea Grass, Green Panic, Hamil Grass)|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)|
Bean, A.R. (1992b). Eungella National Park. Vegetation survey. Qld Parks and Wildlife Service, Townsville.
Bean, A.R. (1994b). An analysis of the vascular flora of Mt Abbot near Bowen, Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 104:43-66.
Bean, A.R. (2009a). Ozothamnus eriocephalus - Species Information Sheet. Provided to the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Queensland Herbarium.
Burbidge, N.T. (1958). A monographic study of Helichrysum subgenus Ozothamnus (Compositae) and of two related genera formerly included therein. Australian Journal of Botany. 6:229-284.
Pollock, A. (1997). Ozothamnus eriocephalus. Species Management Profile, June 1997, Flora and Fauna Information System. 2. Qld Dept Natural Resources, Brisbane.
Pollock, A. (2001). Personal Communication.
Queensland Herbarium (2009). Specimen label information.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Ozothamnus eriocephalus in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 23 Sep 2014 14:07:23 +1000.