Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Budawangia gnidioides
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Budawangia gnidioides (Budawangs Cliff-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agm) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for Competition and Land Degradation by Feral Goats (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2008adi) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Budawangia gnidioides.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Budawangs Cliff-heath - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005az) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list) as Budawangia gnidioides
Scientific name Budawangia gnidioides [55850]
Family Epacridaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (Summerh.) Telford
Infraspecies author  
Reference Telopea 5(1) (1992) 231.
Other names Rupicola gnidioides [9542]
Budawongia gnidioides [67265]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Budawangia gnidioides

Common name: Budawangs Cliff-heath

Conventionally accepted as Budawangia gnidioides (CHAH 2010). DNA analysis suggests that the genera Budawangia and Rupicola could both be included in the genus Epacris (Southam 1997).

The Budawangs Cliff-heath is a small, rhizomatous (underground stem that sends out shoots), creeping shrub with hairy branches to 50 cm long. Leaves are lance-shaped erect, 4–8 mm long and 1–2 mm wide, with a sharp point. Small, white tubular flowers, 3.5–5 mm in diameter  and 1–1.2 mm in length, with long, free petal tips are produced among the leaves towards the ends of the stems on stalks 2–3 mm long (Harden 1992; Telford 1992).

The Budawangs Cliff-heath is restricted to the northern Budawang Range and associated sandstone plateau escarpments of the Southern Tablelands and South Coast districts, south-west of Nowra, NSW (Harden 1992; Telford 1992). The species has a known range of less than 100 km (Briggs & Leigh 1996), mainly within Morton National Park (Telford 1992).

Budawangs Cliff-heath grows in moist cliff-line niches, in skeletal soil in sandstone crevices or on sandy ledges often beneath cliffs or overhangs, on the margins of open forest and heathland (Harden 1992; NSW OEH 2012; Telford 1992). The rhizomatic stems usually spread through cracks in rocks (Harden 1992; Telford 1992). Associated species include Weeping Baeckea (Baeckea linifolia), Coral Fern (Gleichenia rupestris) and King Fern (Todea barbara) (Telford 1992).

Budawangs Cliff-heath flowers from September to February (Harden 1992).

The main identified threats to the Budawangs Cliff-heath is its narrow distribution, which increases the risk of fragmentation, although this is somewhat mitigated by its presence within Morton National Park (TSSC 2008agm). Disturbance by bushwalkers is also a threat, with previous damage to populations by park visitors having been observed in caves and under rock overhangs used for camping. This has included uprooting of plants to use for bedding and for lighting camp-fires (NPWS 2001; Telford 1992).

The main potential threats to Budawangs Cliff-heath include vegetation clearing, changed fire regimes, grazing by the Goat (Capra hircus), and hydrological change (ANRA 2009).

The NSW Office of the Environment and Heritage (NSW DECCW 2005az) identify the following priority actions to assist in protecting the species:

  • Limit extended visitor movement through Budawangs Cliff-heath sites.
  • Make visitors to Morton National Park aware of the presence of the Budawangs Cliff-heath and its significance and need for protection.

Management actions relevant to the Budawangs Cliff-heath are at the start of the profile. Other relevant documents include the Morton National Park Plan of Management (NPWS 2001a).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Budawangia gnidioides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006dp) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking Budawangia gnidioides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006dp) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:camping Budawangia gnidioides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006dp) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Budawangia gnidioides (Budawangs Cliff-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agm) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Budawangia gnidioides (Budawangs Cliff-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agm) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Budawangia gnidioides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006dp) [Internet].

Australian Natural Resources Atlas (ANRA) (2009). Biodiversity Assessment - Species at risk and their Recovery Process. [Online]. Available from: http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/vegetation/assessment/index.html. [Accessed: 24-Apr-2010].

Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/.

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA) (2008adi). Threat Abatement Plan for Competition and Land Degradation by Feral Goats. [Online]. Canberra, ACT: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/goats08.html.

Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1992). Flora of New South Wales Volume 3. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2005az). Budawangs Cliff-heath - profile. [Online]. Available from: http://www.threatenedspecies.environment.nsw.gov.au/tsprofile/profile.aspx?id=10111.

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2001a). Morton National Park, Budawang National Park Plan of Management. [Online]. Department of Environment and Conservation. Available from: http://www2.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/PDFs/pom_final_morton_budawang.pdf. [Accessed: 10-May-2008].

Telford, I.R.H. (1992). Budawangia and Rupicola, new and revised genera of Epacridaceae. Telopea. 5(1):229-239.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2008agm). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Budawangia gnidioides (Budawangs Cliff-heath). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/55850-conservation-advice.pdf.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Budawangia gnidioides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 22 Aug 2014 07:27:19 +1000.