Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Acacia lanuginophylla
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan] as Acacia lanuginophylla.
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Acacia lanuginophylla.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Vulnerable (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list) as Acacia lanuginophylla
Scientific name Acacia lanuginophylla [55575]
Family Fabaceae:Fabales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author R.S.Cowan and Maslin
Infraspecies author  
Reference Nuytsia 7:194 (1990)
Other names Acacia lanuginophylla R.S.Cowan & Maslin ms. [67362]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images

The Woolly Wattle is a moderately compact, spreading or erect shrub (Brown et al. 1998; Orchard & Wilson 2001a); it grows up to 1.5 m high and 2 m across (Brown et al. 1998).

Found in the Newdegate-Pingaring area (Brown et al. 1998) and near Mt Holland, south-western WA (Cowan & Maslin 1990; Orchard & Wilson 2001a). Known from three areas:
(1) near L. Biddy, north of Newdegate (Population 1 below);
(2) near L. Lockhart, south of Newdegate (Population 2 below); and
(3) Mt Holland area, 120 km north-east of Lake Biddy (Cowan & Maslin 1990; Orchard & Wilson 2001a).

The two known populations in the Katanning District as recorded by Graham & Mitchell (2001) are:
1. Buniche, north-west of Newdegate, railway reserve - population healthy and containing 9 plants in 1990.
2. Lockhart, south of Newdegate (a) nature reserve, (b) private property, (c) nature reserve. The three sub-populations were healthy and contained a total of 10 000+ plants in 1991.

Normally grows in slightly saline grey-white sands over clay and gravelly soils in broad drainage channels (Brown et al. 1998; Paczkowska & Chapman 2000; Orchard & Wilson 2001a). Occurs in open low scrub (Brown et al. 1998; Orchard & Wilson 2001a) of various Melaleuca and Eremophila species (Brown et al. 1998).

The species is not salt tolerant but appears to withstand short-term fresh water inundation. Sheep have been observed to lightly graze new growth (Brown et al. 1998; Graham & Mitchell 2001), resulting in epicormic regrowth. Grazing by native wildlife is not recorded (Graham & Mitchell 2001).

The globular golden flower heads (Paczkowska & Chapman 2000; Orchard & Wilson 2001a) are borne variably between June and Feb., but most commonly from Aug. to Oct. The species has been found in private bushland that has been chained but not burnt, and on fire breaks; indicating seeds germinate after disturbance (Brown et al. 1998).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat alteration (vegetation, soil, hydrology) due to trampling and grazing by livestock National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Inappropriate disturbance regimes National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Habitat degradation caused by channel maintenance National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Salinity National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Habitat degradation caused by firebreak construction and/or maintenance National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Pollution:Garbage and Solid Waste:Dumping of household and industrial waste National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Utility and Service Lines:Powerline easement maintenance and construction; mortality due to collision with powerlines National recovery plan for the Woolly Wattle (Acacia lanuginophylla) (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2008) [Recovery Plan].
Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified Acacia lanuginophylla in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006o) [Internet].

Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Cowan, R.S. & Maslin, B.R. (1990). Acacia miscellany 1. Some oligoneurous species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Section Plurinerves) from Western Australia). Nuytsia. 7(2):183-199.

Graham, M. & M. Mitchell (2000). Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District. [Online]. Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson, eds. (2001a). Flora of Australia, Volume 11B, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 2. In: Flora of Australia. Canberra, ACT: ABRS & CSIRO.

Paczkowska, G. & A.R. Chapman (2000). The Western Australian Flora, A Descriptive Catalogue. The Wildflower Society of Western Australia (Inc.), the Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Conservation and Land Management and the Botanic Gardens & Parks Authority.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia lanuginophylla in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 16 Sep 2014 20:29:27 +1000.