Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Extinct
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Extinct (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): August 2014 list)
Scientific name Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata [55225]
Family Euphorbiaceae:Euphorbiales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author  
Infraspecies author R.J.F.Hend.
Reference Austral. Syst. Bot. 5(1) (1992) 24.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map not available for this taxon.
Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata

Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata was an erect shrub growing up to 60 cm high. The species possessed rigid, angular branches which were sometimes leafless. When present, leaves were positioned alternately along the branches. Lower leaves were wedge-shaped to oblong, often with toothed margin, and 5–10 mm in length. The upper leaves were linear, scale-like, with entire margins, and were usually less than 10 mm long. The species was usually monoecious (both male and female flowers on one plant). The species had few flowers growing in clusters directly from the stem. The outer whorls of the flower (perianth) were 2–3 mm long. The dry fruits were ovoid in shape and approximately 4 mm long (RBGS 2001).

Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata is known only from the type specimen which was collected in 1892 from Double Bay, Sydney, NSW (APNI 2001). This species has not been located since and is presumed extinct.

Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata was previously widespread in heath, woodland and forest on low-fertility sandy soils and is now extinct (RBGS 2007). The type locality of this species is presumed to have been somewhat swampy (Henderson 1992c).

The threatening processes that led to the decline and extinction of Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata are unknown.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellatain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006aq) [Internet].

Australian Plant Names Index APNI (2001). Australian Plant Names Index. [Online]. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from:

Henderson, R.J.F. (1992c). Studies in Euphorbiaceae A Revision of Amperea. Australian Systematic Botany. A.L. Juss., sens. lat. I.*. 5(1):1-27.

Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (RBGS) (2001). PlantNET (version 1.4). Sydney: Plant Information Network System of RBG.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Sun, 21 Sep 2014 11:42:09 +1000.