Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Listing Status
SA: Listed as Endangered (National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (South Australia): June 2011 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Endangered (Advisory List of Rare or Threatened Plants in Victoria: 2005)
Scientific name Prasophyllum spicatum [55146]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author R.J.Bates & D.L.Jones
Infraspecies author  
Reference Australian Orchid Research 2 (1991) 80
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://www.edit.ne.jp/~fkoichi/ophoto/aust/praspica.htm

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat loss and modification due to clearance of native vegetation and pasture improvements Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
Biological Resource Use:Gathering Terrestrial Plants:Illegal collection Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Mechanical disturbance during construction, maintanance or recreational activities National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat degradation associated with recreational activities such as horse riding National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat disturbance from recreational vehicle use National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:bicycles (off road) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Lepus capensis (Brown Hare) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Pinus pinaster (Maritime Pine, Cluster Pine) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Vulpia bromoides (Squirrel-tailed Fescue) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Briza maxima (Quaking Grass, Blowfly Grass) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Pinus radiata (Radiata Pine Monterey Pine, Insignis Pine, Wilding Pine) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Asparagus asparagoides (Bridal Creeper, Bridal Veil Creeper, Smilax, Florist's Smilax, Smilax Asparagus) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Rubus fruticosus aggregate (Blackberry, European Blackberry) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Watsonia spp. (Watsonia, Bulbil Watsonia, Wild Watsonia, Bugle Lily) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Disa bracteata (African Weed Orchid) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Acacia longifolia subsp. sophorae (Coast Wattle) National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Pollution:Airborne Agricultural pollutants:Herbicide drift National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Pollution:Garbage and Solid Waste:Dumping of household and industrial waste National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Residential and Commercial Development:Housing and Urban Areas:Habitat loss, modification and fragmentation due to urban development Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006uj) [Internet].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads National Recovery Plan for the Dense Leek Orchid Prasophyllum spicatum (Duncan, M, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Prasophyllum spicatum in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sat, 30 Aug 2014 17:33:24 +1000.