Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Other EPBC Act Plans Fitzgerald Biosphere Recovery Plan: A Landscape Approach to Threatened Species and Ecological Communities Recovery and Biodiversity Conservation (Western Australia Department of Environment and Conservation (WA DEC), 2012) [Recovery Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
WA:Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20 (Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates, 1995) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Vulnerable (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list)
Scientific name Thelymitra psammophila [4908]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author C.R.P.Andrews
Infraspecies author  
Reference Journal of the West Australian Natural History Society 2: 57 (May 1905).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/browse/photo?f=066&level=s&id=1713&PHPSESSID=1ce64df35f2224adf67881969bc61190

The Sandplain Sun-orchid is a perennial herb growing to 25 cm high (Brown et al. 1998; Hoffman & Brown 1998; Robinson & Coates 1995).

The Sandplain Sun-orchid is found between the Stirling Range and Ravensthorpe, WA. In recent years it has only been located near Borden and in the Fitzgerald National Park (Brown et al. 1998; Hoffman & Brown 1992; Hopper et al. 1990). In 1995 a total population of 2,200+ plants was reported with the majority of individuals being located in two populations (Robinson & Coates 1995).

Population details as in Robinson & Coates (1995) and Graham & Mitchell (2001):

PopulationDistrictLand StatusLast Survey DateNo. of plantsCondition
1. Mallee RoadAlbanyverge7/9/927in bud
2. Borden TipAlbanyShire res.24/9/920-
3. FRNPAlbanyNP9/9/88>200in flower
4. Kalgan PlainsAlbanyNR10/920-
5. JacupAlbanyShire res.10/10/1988>2000in flower
6. Hassell HwyAlbanyMRD verge---
7. Dragon RocksKatanningNR9/1991
1986
Nil
2
-

Thelymitra psammophila can be distinguished from T. antennifera by its smaller flowers, which lack any reddish colouration on the outside of the sepals (Andrews 1905; Brown et al. 1998). Unlike T. antenifera and T. flexuosa it has plants with up to 5 flowers, straight rather than zig-zagging stems, and distinctive short, almost triangular column lobes with no tufts of hair or combings (Brown et al. 1998; Hoffman & Brown 1998).

This species grows in seasonally wet sandy-clay soil in very open heath and sedges with a considerable amount of wiry ground cover and some low shrubs (Brown et al. 1998; Hoffman & Brown 1992; Robinson & Coates 1995).

Flowering occurs from September to October (Brown et al. 1998; Robinson & Coates 1995).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Droughts:Drought Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].
Pollution:Garbage and Solid Waste:Dumping of household and industrial waste Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Thelymitra psammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008vx) [Conservation Advice].

Andrews, C.R.P. (1905). Two New Species of Orchidaceae from Western Australia. Journal of the West Australian Natural History Society. 2:57-58.

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Graham, M. & M. Mitchell (2000). Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District. [Online]. Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Hoffman, N. & A. Brown (1992). Orchids of South-west Australia 2nd edn. Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press.

Hoffman, N. & A. Brown (1998). Orchids of South-west Australia Rev. 2nd edn. Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press.

Hopper, S.D., S. van Leeuwen, A.P. Brown & S.J. Patrick (1990). Western Australia's Endangered Flora and other plants under consideration for declaration. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Consrvation and Land Management.

Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates (1995). Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20. [Online]. Como, Western Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Thelymitra psammophila in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sat, 23 Aug 2014 09:09:00 +1000.