Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Pterostylis gibbosa
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Approved Recovery Plan - Pterostylis gibbosa (R. Br.), Illawarra Greenhood Orchid (NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, 2002s) [Recovery Plan] as Pterostylis gibbosa.
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for Competition and Land Degradation by Feral Rabbits (Environment Australia (EA), 1999c) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Pterostylis gibbosa.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Illawarra Greenhood - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005kr) [Internet].
NSW:Threatened Species Information - Pterostylis gibbosa (NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, 2002r) [Information Sheet].
NSW:Environmnetal Impact Assessment Guidelines - Pterostylis gibbosa (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS), 2002q) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list) as Pterostylis gibbosa
Scientific name Pterostylis gibbosa [4562]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author R.Br.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae (27 Mar. 1810) 328.
Other names Pterostylis ceriflora [22570]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/4273/conservation.html

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat alteration (vegetation, soil, hydrology) due to trampling and grazing by livestock Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Decline in habitat quality Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) Conservation Research Statement and Species Recovery Plan for Pterostylis gibbosa (Muston, R. & Krusenstierna, A. von, 1994) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Equus caballus (Horse) Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Bos taurus (Domestic Cattle) Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Pollution:Pollution:Pollution due to oil spills and other chemical pollutants Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Protected status:Protected status:Lack of secure conservation land tenure Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].
Residential and Commercial Development:Housing and Urban Areas:Habitat loss, modification and fragmentation due to urban development Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006tg) [Internet].

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pterostylis gibbosa in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Mon, 28 Jul 2014 18:02:36 +1000.