In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable as Acacia grandifolia|
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Acacia grandifolia.
Documents and Websites
|Scientific name||Acacia grandifolia |
|Reference||Austrobaileya 1 (20 Jul. 1978) 183, adnot.|
|Other names||Racosperma grandifolium |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
Acacia grandifolia is a tree growing to about 8 m high with flowers in long golden spikes (Orchard & Wilson 2001a).
This species is endemic to south-east Qld and is restricted to a small area around Gayndah, Mundubbera, Coulston Lakes and Proston in the Burnett District (Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998; QDNR 2000).
The type specimen is from 54 km south of Mundubbera and another specimen is from 12 km east of Gayndah (Pedley 1987). The species occurs in SF 132 (Brovinia), SF 220 (Malmaison), SF 249 (Wigton), SF 255 (Woroon), SF 1344 (Boompa) (QDNR 2000). Also in SF 210 and on Brian Pastures Research Station. It is also recorded from leasehold land and road verges in the area (Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998).
The literature does not specify how many populations exist, though its existence near three towns and in five state forests (QDNR 2000), suggests around eight populations. The species occurs as large colonies or as scattered individuals (QDNR 2000). It covers a range of approx. 100 km and encompasses an area of occurrence of approx. 4200 sq. km. (Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998).
There are no records of this species from a conservation reserve or a protected area (Briggs & Leigh 1996; Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998; QDNR 2000).
The species grows on hilly terrain of varying aspects and slope, on hillcrests, in gullies on plains (Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998). The species appears to flourish in disturbed ground and grows well on roadsides. At the type locality the species forms open stands on sand, among large sandstone boulders. It has also been recorded on shallow stony soils derived from basalt (Pedley 1978, 1987; Orchard & Wilson 2001a).
It occurs in ironbark gum and spotted gum forests and woodlands (QDNR 2000). The most frequently recorded associated tree species are Eucalyptus crebra, Corymbia citriodora, C. trachyphloia and E. exserta (Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998).
This species flowers from July to Oct. (Pedley 1978, 1987; Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998; Orchard & Wilson 2001a). Mature pods have been collected from Oct. to Nov. (Pedley 1978, 1987; Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998). Seeds are dormant when released from mature pods and accumulate as a persistent seed bank between fires. It is not known how long seeds remain viable in the soil (Qld CRA/RFA Steering Committee 1998).
Although plants flowered profusely, no seed was produced at observed sites over two successive years. This may have been due to climatic conditions or to low genetic diversity. Although not confirmed, it is suspected that these plants usually seed irregularly (Leverington et al. 2003).
Rare species occurring within a restricted geographical location typically exhibit low levels of genetic diversity; this is so for A. grandifolia. Its genetic profile suggests that it may have been geographically isolated from near relatives and has developed in isolation (Leverington et al. 2003).
The plant appears to respond well to disturbance, with records of good regeneration in disturbed areas and by roadsides. It appears to be highly fire tolerant with populations expanding after fire (Leverington et al. 2003).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Acacia grandifolia in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006k) [Internet].|
|Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting||Acacia grandifolia in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006k) [Internet].|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)||Acacia grandifolia in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006k) [Internet].|
|Protected status:Protected status:Lack of secure conservation land tenure|
Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.
Leverington, A., R. Edgar & G. Gordon (2003). Multi-species recovery plan for Acacia eremophiloides, Acacia grandifolia, Acacia porcata, Bertya granitica and Newcastelia velutina 2003-2007. Page(s) 17. Qld Parks & Wildlife Service. Qld Environmental Protection Agency.
Meredith, L.D. & M.M. Richardson (1990). Rare or Threatened Australian Plant Species in Cultivation in Australia. Report Series No. 15. Page(s) 1-114. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.
Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson, eds. (2001a). Flora of Australia, Volume 11B, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 2. In: Flora of Australia. Canberra, ACT: ABRS & CSIRO.
Pedley, L. (1978). A Revision of Acacia Mill. in Queensland. Austrobaileya. 1(2):75-234.
Pedley, L. (1987). Acacias in Queensland. Brisbane: Department of Primary Industries.
Queensland CRA/RFA Steering Committee (1998). Survey of Threatened Plant Species in South East Queensland Biogeographical Region. [Online]. Available from: http://www.daff.gov.au/rfa/regions/qld/environment/threatened-plant.
Queensland Department of Natural Resources (Qld DNR) (2000). Species Management Manual. Forest and Fauna Conservation and Ecology Section, Queensland Department of Natural Resouces.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia grandifolia in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sun, 9 Mar 2014 08:57:04 +1100.