Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Phantom Wattle - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005i) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list)
VIC: Listed as Threatened (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Victoria): February 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Vulnerable (Advisory List of Rare or Threatened Plants in Victoria: 2005)
Scientific name Acacia phasmoides [2784]
Family Fabaceae:Fabales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author J.H.Willis
Infraspecies author  
Reference Muelleria 1: 121, t.X (15 Jul. 1967).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images

The Phantom Wattle forms an insubstantial shrub 1-4 m high with an open, wraith-like appearance, slender branches and silvery-grey stems (Orchard & Wilson 2001).

This species is extremely localised in north-eastern Vic. and south-eastern NSW (MEL undated; Entwisle et al. 1996; Orchard & Wilson 2001).

In Vic., it is confined to Pine Mt (Burrowa-Pine Mt NP) where it is known from two stands east of the summit area. The first stand consists of about 9 individuals; the second is estimated to contain between 150 and 250 individuals of mixed age (NRE 2000).

In NSW, the species occurs near the southern boundary of the former Dora Dora SF, now part of Woomagarma NP and about 35 km from the Victorian populations. It has been collected beside Basin Ck, where the population contains an estimated 1000-2000 plants (MEL undated; Entwisle et al. 1996).

All populations occur on sandy or gravelly soils derived from granite (MEL undated).

Vic. populations are elevated, with most plants occurring in crevices within the granite, in sheltered shrubland communities including Dodonaea rhombifolia, Calytrix tetragona and Kunzea ericoides (MEL undated; Entwisle et al. 1996).

The NSW site is beside a creek in open forest dominated by either Eucalyptus goniocalyx or E. nortonii. Other associated species include Kunzea ericoides, Spyridium parvifolium, Acacia dealbata and Dodonaea viscosa (MEL undated).

Flowers are borne in Sept.-Dec., fruits in Jan (MEL undated; Entwisle et al. 1996).

Plants are obligate seed-regenerators. Populations are of mixed age, indicating that regeneration can occur in the absence of fire (NRE 2000).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Reduced rainfall caused by climate change National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Droughts:Drought National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Acacia phasmoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006t) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation by deer National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Acacia phasmoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006t) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes National Recovery Plan for Phantom Wattle Acacia phasmoides (Sutter, G., 2010a) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Transportation and Service Corridors:Road and rail maintenance works Acacia phasmoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006t) [Internet].

Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DNRE) (2000). VROTPOP database.

Entwisle, T.J., B.R. Maslin, R.S. Cowan & A.B. Court (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G. & T.J. Entwisle, eds. Flora of Victoria. 3:585-658. Inkata Press, Melbourne.

MEL (undated). National Herbarium of Victoria Specimens. [Online]. Available from: http://www.rbg.vic.gov.au/research_and_conservation/herbarium.

Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson (eds) (2001). Flora of Australia, Volume 11A, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 1.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia phasmoides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 22 Aug 2014 13:18:46 +1000.