In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||
Listed as Vulnerable
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Mirounga leonina (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001aa) [Listing Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans||
Sub-Antarctic Fur Seal and Southern Elephant Seal Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2003f) [Recovery Plan].
Sub-Antarctic Fur Seal and Southern Elephant Seal Recovery Plan - Background Paper (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2003g) [Information Sheet].
Federal Register of
Declaration under section 248 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of Marine Species (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000c) [Legislative Instrument].
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (09/03/2001) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2001i) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Mirounga leonina |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Biological Resource Use:Fishing and Harvesting Aquatic Resources:Incidental capture and death due to trawling fishing activities||Background Paper Bycatch Action Plan Sub-antarctic Fisheries Page(s) 29. (Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA), 2001) [Report].|
|Biological Resource Use:Fishing and Harvesting Aquatic Resources:Overfishing, competition with fishing operations and overfishing of prey fishing||Background Paper Bycatch Action Plan Sub-antarctic Fisheries Page(s) 29. (Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA), 2001) [Report].|
|Biological Resource Use:Gathering Terrestrial Plants:Commercial harvest||The Action Plan for Australian Seals (Shaughnessy, P.D., 1999) [Cwlth Action Plan].|
|Pollution:Pollution:spillage||The Action Plan for Australian Seals (Shaughnessy, P.D., 1999) [Cwlth Action Plan].|
|Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Poor recruitment (regeneration) and declining population numbers||Commonwealth Listing Advice on Mirounga leonina (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001aa) [Listing Advice].|
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2013). Mirounga leonina in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:16:32 +1100.