Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Critically Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Listing Advice on Epacris limbata (Border Heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2002g) [Listing Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Flora Recovery Plan: Threatened Tasmanian Forest Epacrids (Tasmania Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tas. DPIPWE), 2011) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (04/07/2002) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2002b) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
TAS:Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
TAS:Threatened Species Notesheet - Epacris limbata (Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tas. DPIPWE), 2007b) [Information Sheet].
TAS:Epacris limbata (Border Heath): Species Management Profile for Tasmania's Threatened Species Link (Threatened Species Section (TSS), 2014cl) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
TAS: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (Tasmania): September 2012 list)
Scientific name Epacris limbata [24011]
Family Epacridaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author K.J.Williams & F.Duncan
Infraspecies author  
Reference Aspects of Tasmanian Botany - a tribute to Winifred Curtis: 95, plate 1.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/esl/borderpic.html

The Border Heath is an erect, single-stemmed shrub, sometimes branching near the base, and growing to 2 m tall. Its long slender branches bear thin, tough, concave leaves (Kirkpatrick 2000).

This species is endemic to Tas. and is confined to areas in the central E Coast near the Apsley R. It occurs within a small range in the foothills of the Eastern Tiers of Tasmania, SW of Bicheno (Keith 1997).

In 1996 there were five populations encompassing a total population size of 18,081 plants, with 8,805 plants in the largest population and 80 plants in the smallest. Of the total population 94% were mature plants (Keith 1997).

There is one reserved population of the species, scattered throughout the Douglas Apsley NP (Williams & Duncan 1991). One population is included in the extension of the Hardings Falls Forest Reserve (P.G.Black 2001, pers. comm.).

The populations are in continual decline due to Phytophthora, with no new populations discovered recently (P.G.Black 2001, pers. comm.).

This species is found only on granitic soils, at 20-440 m asl. It is restricted to ecotonal marshes where sedgy Eucalyptus ovata grades into heathy E. amygdalina and E. tenuiramis forests (Williams & Duncan 1991). It has been recorded on the flats on edges of swamps in dry sclerophyll forest and wet heath at 200-350 m asl on dolerite (Keith 1997).

Peak flowering for this species is in early summer with seed released in autumn (Keith 1997).

The known pollinators of Epacris species include a variety of large adult carrion flies from the Tabanidae, Muscidae and Calliphoridae families. Species of flies directly observed pollinating Epacris taxa include Dasybasis spp., Halina sp., Calliphora sp. and Calliphora hilli (P.B.McQuillan, pers. comm. in Keith 1997). It seems likely that other species of large flies would also function as pollinators (Keith 1997).

The species is an obligate seeder. Although the first seed crop is likely to be produced in the fourth fruiting season after fire, it may be six to eight years before a seedbank of sufficient size has accumulated to ensure sufficient seedling recruitment after a subsequent fire. Fruit production may be reduced for several years after fire (Keith 1997).

E. limbata suffered an observed 63% seedling mortality on skeletal soils (Keith 1997).

The maximum life span of individual shrubs is probably in the order of 30 to 40 years (Keith 1997).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].

Barker, P.C.J. (1994). Phytophthora cinnamoni: The susceptibility and management of selected Tasmanian rare species. Hobart, Tasmania: Forestry Tasmania.

Black, P.G. (2001). Personal Communication. DPIWE.

Keith, D. (1997). Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004. [Online]. Hobart: Tasmanian Parks & Wildlife. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/tas-forest/index.html.

Kirkpatrick, J. (2000). Threatened Flora -plants listed as extinct, endangered or vulnerable. [Online]. Created by Bushcare Technical Extension (Tasmania). Available from: http://www.bushcare.tas.gov.au/info/.

Williams, K.J. & Duncan, F. (1991). Epacris limbata sp. nov., a localised heath from Eastern Tasmania. In: Aspects of Tasmanian Botany - a tribute to Winifred Curtis.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Epacris limbata in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sun, 21 Sep 2014 08:58:23 +1000.