Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Flora Recovery Plan: Threatened Tasmanian Forest Epacrids (Tasmania Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tas. DPIPWE), 2011) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
TAS:Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
TAS:Threatened Species Notesheet - Epacris glabella (Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tas. DPIPWE), 2007a) [Information Sheet].
TAS:Epacris glabella (Funnel Heath, Smooth Heath): Species Management Profile for Tasmania's Threatened Species Link (Threatened Species Section (TSS), 2014cj) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
TAS: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (Tasmania): September 2012 list)
Scientific name Epacris glabella [24010]
Family Epacridaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Jarman
Infraspecies author  
Reference Jarman, S.J. & Mihaich, C.M. (1991) Additions to the Epacridaceae in Tasmania. Aspects of Tasmanian Botany - a tribute to Winifred Curtis: 100, fig. 2 [tax. nov.]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Funnel Heath is an erect single-stemmed shrub growing to 2 m tall, with white flowers, sometimes branching near the base (Keith 1997).

This species is restricted to two areas of NW Tasmania: one S of Rosebury; and another E of the Savage River Mine (CoA 1999d; Keith 1997)

Four populations are known, with a total population size of 309 154 plants. There are 22 481 plants in the largest population, and nine plants in the smallest. Of the total population 92% are mature plants (Keith 1997). These four populations extend over a geographic range of 46.4 km. Populations occur on Crown Land and in State Forest in the catchments of the Heazlewood and Savage Rivers and on Crown Land in the vicinity of Serpentine Hill, NW Tasmania. There is a trend of declining plant numbers over the last ten years (CoA 1999d).

Three populations occur within the extension of the Savage River Regional Reserve ( P.G. Black 2001 pers. comm.).

This species was formerly known as Epacris sp. aff. exserta (Tunnel Hill)(Gilmour et al. 2000).

This species grows on Cambrian serpentine derived soils, on ridges and midslopes in heath and dry sclerophyll forest at 300-500 m asl (Keith 1997; R. Schahinger, N. Lawrence, W. Potts & S. Harris, Tasmanian DPIWE 2000, pers. comm.).

Peak flowering occurs in spring. The flowers are solitary in the leaf axils with short stalks, and are scattered along the upper parts of the branches. Release of seed occurs in late summer, with floral initiation beginning immediately afterwards (Keith 1997).

The known pollinators of Epacris species include a variety of large adult carrion flies from the Tabanidae, Muscidae and Calliphoridae families. Species of flies directly observed pollinating Epacris taxa include: Dasybasis spp., Halina sp., Calliphora sp. and Calliphora hilli (P.B.McQuillan, pers. comm. in Keith 1997). It seems likely that other species of large flies would also function as pollinators (Keith 1997).

Although the first seed crop is likely be produced in the fourth fruiting season after fire it may be six to eight years before a seedbank of sufficient size has accumulated to ensure sufficient seedling recruitment after a subsequent fire (Keith 1997).

The maximum life span of individual shrubs is probably in the order of 30 to 40 years (Keith 1997).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Habitat loss/conversion/quality decline/degradation Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004 (Keith, D., 1997) [State Recovery Plan].

Black, P.G. (2001). Personal Communication. DPIWE.

Commonwealth of Australia (CoA) (1999d). Tasmania-Commonwealth Regional Forest Agreement: Summary of Life history and population dynamics for vascular forest flora. [Online]. Available from: http://www.rfa.gov.au/rfa/tas/raa/envher/volumes1-4/fl_index.html.

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.

Gilmour, C.A., R.K. Crowden, R.E. Vaillancourt, & A. Koutoulis (2000). Genetic variation in the Epacris tasmanica series complex (Epacridaceae). Paper & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. Page(s) 75-78. University of Tasmania.

Keith, D. (1997). Recovery Plan - Tasmanian Forest Epacrids 1999-2004. [Online]. Hobart: Tasmanian Parks & Wildlife. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/tas-forest/index.html.

Tasmanian DPIWE (2000). Personal communication.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Epacris glabella in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 18 Sep 2014 21:17:36 +1000.