Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Allocasuarina simulans (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ho) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Nabiac Casuarina - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005t) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): August 2014 list)
Scientific name Allocasuarina simulans [21935]
Family Casuarinaceae:Casuarinales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author L.A.S.Johnson
Infraspecies author  
Reference Wilson, K.L. & Johnson, L.A.S. in George, A.S. (Ed) (1989), Flora of Australia 3: 199 (154; Fig. 56C, Map 152) [tax. nov.]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

A shrub growing to 3 m, with mainly smooth bark and ascending branchlets (Wilson & Johnson 1989).

The species is endemic to a small area near Forster, between Booti Booti NP and Nabiac, on the mid-north coast of NSW (Wilson & Johnson 1989). The majority of specimens are known from Booti Booti NP where it occurs in an 89 ha section adjoining The Lakes Way (Griffith et al. 2000).

The species is similar to A. distyla but is generally more slender. The cones have smaller parts (Wilson & Johnson 1989). A. simulans occurs with A. littoralis and A. defungens, for which it may be mistaken (Benwell 1993).

The species grows in sandy podzolic soils on dunes exposed to the prevailing onshore winds (Griffith et al. 2000). The subtropical climate provides hot, humid summers and cool winters. Average annual rainfall at Forster is 1238 mm (Benwell 1993).

A. simulans dominates patches of dry heathland where it is associated with Acacia ulicifolia, Isopogon anemonifolius, Monotoca scoparia and Ricinocarpus pinifolius. In more sheltered aspects, it is replaced by Banksia aemula (Griffith et al. 2000).

This species is dioecious. Cones are often irregular in shape (Wilson & Johnson 1989). It resprouts in response to fire (Griffith et al. 2000).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Sea level rise:Inundation associated with climate change Inundation study (Environmental Resources Information Network, 2007) [Database].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Habitat deterioration due to soil degradation and erosion Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat disturbance from recreational vehicle use Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Ipomoea cairica (Coastal Morning-glory, Morning Glory, Mile-a-minute, Five-leaved Morning Glory) Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Lantana camara (Lantana, Common Lantana, Kamara Lantana, Large-leaf Lantana, Pink Flowered Lantana, Red Flowered Lantana, Red-Flowered Sage, White Sage, Wild Sage) Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Chrysanthemoides monilifera (Bitou Bush, Boneseed) Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Pollution:Garbage and Solid Waste:Dumping of household and industrial waste Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bk) [Internet].

Benwell, A.S. (1993). Recovery Plan for Allocasuarina defungens. Hurstville: NSW NPWS.

Binns, D. (2000). Personal Communication.

Griffith, S.J., Wilson, R., & Maryott-Brown, K. (2000). Vegetation and Flora of Booti Booti National Park and Yahoo Nature reserve, lower North Coast of NSW. Cunninghamia. 6(3):645-716.

Ramsay, A. (1987). Booti Booti State Recreation Area-Plan of managment. Page(s) 21. NSW NPWS.

Wilson, K.L. & L.A.S.Johnson (1989). Casuarinaceae. In: Flora of Australia. 3:100-174. Canberra: AGPS.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Allocasuarina simulans in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sun, 21 Sep 2014 14:19:13 +1000.