Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Adenanthos velutinus
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos velutinus (Velvet Woollybush) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008hl) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Adenanthos velutinus.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list) as Adenanthos velutinus
Scientific name Adenanthos velutinus [21594]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Meissner
Infraspecies author  
Reference Prodromus 14 (mid Oct. 1856) 312.
Other names Adenanthos meisneri var. velutinus [36590]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images

The Velvet Woollybush is a diffuse, erect or semi-prostrate shrub to 3 m with a single main stem. Flowers are cream with a grey-black upper portion (Nelson 1978a; Rye & Hopper 1981; Hopper et al. 1990; Nelson 1995).

Restricted to the Cranbrook area in the Southern Wheatbelt of south-western WA (Rye & Hopper 1981; Brown et al. 1998), where it is known only from Geekabee Hill Flora Reserve, west of the Stirling Range (Nelson 1978a, 1995). In 1978, Nelson reported the presence of 'many' shrubs in the single known locality, and suggested that the population possibly once extended as far east as the Stirling Ranges (Nelson 1978a). In 1984, the population was reported to contain fewer than 50 plants scattered over about two hectares, mostly in a small flora reserve (Leigh et al. 1984).

This species grows in scant peaty soil among rocks on hill slopes, and is often dominant in dense scrub (Nelson 1978a; Rye & Hopper 1981; Hopper et al. 1990; Nelson 1995). Associated with jarrah and Lachnostachys sp. (Brown et al. 1998).

The plants lack a lignotuber. Flowering July (probably from June to Sept.) (Nelson 1978a; Rye & Hopper 1981; Hopper et al. 1990).

Adult plants are killed by fire; heavy seed germination follows. New plants flower in about 4 years, but the time to first seeding is not known (Brown et al. 1998).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Adenanthos velutinus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bd) [Internet].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Adenanthos velutinus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bd) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009w) [Threat Abatement Plan].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos velutinus (Velvet Woollybush) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008hl) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos velutinus (Velvet Woollybush) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008hl) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos velutinus (Velvet Woollybush) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008hl) [Conservation Advice].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Adenanthos velutinus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bd) [Internet].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Hopper, S.D., S. van Leeuwen, A.P. Brown & S.J. Patrick (1990). Western Australia's Endangered Flora and other plants under consideration for declaration. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Consrvation and Land Management.

Leigh, J., R. Boden & J. Briggs (1984). Extinct and Endangered Plants of Australia. Melbourne, Victoria: Macmillan.

Leigh, J.H. & J.D. Briggs (Eds) (1992). Threatened Australian Plants. Overview and Case Studies. New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Meredith, L.D. & M.M. Richardson (1990). Rare or Threatened Australian Plant Species in Cultivation in Australia. Report Series No. 15. Page(s) 1-114. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Nelson, E.C. (1978a). Studies in Adenanthos Labill. (Proteaceae) II: the taxonomic status of A. velutina Meisn. reassessed. Glasra. 2 (2):57-69. Dublin: National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin.

Nelson, E.C. (1995). Adenanthos. In: Orchard, A.E. & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 16:318-342. ABRS, Canberra/CSIRO, Melbourne.

Rye, B.L. & S.D.Hopper (1981). A Guide to the Gazetted Rare Flora of Western Australia. Report No. 42. Page(s) 1-211. Perth: Department of Fisheries & Wildlife WA.

Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Adenanthos velutinus in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:38:33 +1000.