Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
WA:Declared rare and poorly known flora in the Warren Region, Western Australian Wildlife Management Program No 40 (Hearn, R.W., R. Meissner, A.P. Brown, T.D. Macfarlane & T.R. Annels, 2006) [Management Plan].
WA:Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20 (Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates, 1995) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Vulnerable (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list)
Scientific name Conostylis misera [21320]
Family Haemodoraceae:Liliales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Endl.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Plantae Preissianae 2 (26-28 Nov. 1846) 22.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Grass Conostylis is a small, tufted, rhizomatous, prostrate, perennial, mat-forming herb, growing in colonial groups to 400 mm across (Robinson & Coates 1995).

Occurs from just N of the Stirling Range to Narrikup and E to South Stirling, WA (Robinson & Coates 1995). This species has disappeared from several sites from which it was recorded in the mid-1970's and is in poor condition in all other known sites (Robinson & Coates 1995; Brown et al. 1998). The total known population in 1995 was around 300 plants (Robinson & Coates 1995).

Population details as in Robinson & Coates (1995):

Population [as
numbered by
WA CALM]
LocationLand StatusYear of survey/
number of plants
Condition
1Narrikup NthMRD verge1992 - 30Weeds
2Chillinup RdShire road reserve1968 
3Stirling RaNP1968 
4KamballupShire road reserve1992 - 0 
5Yellanup RdShire road reserve1992 - 0Weeds
6Yellanup RdShire road reserve1992 - 0Weeds
7Jackson RdShire road reserve1992 - 0Weeds
8Sth StirlingNR1992 - 50+Flooded
9Camel LakeNR1978 
10GnowangerupPrivate1992 - 100+Undisturbed
11NarrikupMRD verge1993 - 17Good

Occurs in winter waterlogged (but not inundated) flats of brown sandy clay loams. Grows under an association of shrubs, Pericalymma ellipticum, hakeas, melaleucas and sedges (Hopper et al. 1987; Robinson & Coates 1995; Brown et al. 1998).

This species has large conspicuous bright yellow flowers, which occur from Oct to Nov. (Robinson & Coates 1995). It may re-establish from seed after fire (Brown et al. 1998). The genus consists of a mixture of insect and bird pollinated species (Holland et al. 1997b), but no specific information is available for this species.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Eragrostis curvula (African Lovegrass, Weeping Lovegrass, Weeping Love Grass, Boer Lovegrass, Weeping Grass) Conostylis misera in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fw) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu) National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Avena fatua (Wild Oats) Conostylis misera in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fw) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Watsonia spp. (Watsonia, Bulbil Watsonia, Wild Watsonia, Bugle Lily) National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Conostylis misera in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fw) [Internet].
National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Presence of pathogens and resulting disease Conostylis misera in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fw) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Leptospermum laevigatum (Coastal Tea-tree, Victorian Tea-tree) National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by kangaroos and wallabies National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Changes in hydrology including habitat drainage Conostylis misera in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fw) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals National Recovery Plan for Grass Conostylis Conostylis misera (Hartley, R. & S. Barrett , 2008a) [Recovery Plan].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.

Graham, M. & M. Mitchell (2000). Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District. [Online]. Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Holland, E., K. Kershaw & A. Brown (1997b). Small-flowered Conostylis (Conostylis micrantha) Interim Recovery Plan 1996-1999. Wanneroo, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Hopper, S.D., R.W. Purdie, A.S. George & S.J. Patrick (1987). Conostylis. In: Flora of Australia. 45:57-110. Canberra, ACT: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates (1995). Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20. [Online]. Como, Western Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Threatened species network (1999). The Web - Newsletter of the WA Threatened Species Network -March 1999. [Online]. Available from: http://www.nccnsw.org.au/member/tsn/projects/WA/web4.html.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Conostylis misera in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 3 Sep 2014 07:18:37 +1000.