Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Pimelea leptospermoides
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008sr) [Conservation Advice].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2012ay) [Listing Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Pimelea leptospermoides.
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Rare (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): Near Threatened species: May 2014 list ) as Pimelea leptospermoides
Scientific name Pimelea leptospermoides [20849]
Family Thymelaeaceae:Myrtales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author F.Muell.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 7: 2 (Jun. 1869).
Other names Pimelea bowmanii [23336]
Banksia bowmanii [50555]
Banksia leptospermoides [51199]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Pimelea leptospermoides was included under Pimelea umbratica by Threlfall (1982), but has not been accepted (CHAH 2012).

Pimelea leptospermoides is a woody, compact shrub growing 0.3–1 m high. Leaves are alternate, obovate and 7–22 mm long. Flowers are white, tubular, 6–10 mm long with 1–6 flowers borne in the leaf axils. The inside of the tube is hairy (QDNR 2000; Rye 1990).

Pimelea leptospermoides is endemic to near-coastal areas in central, eastern Queensland between Marlborough and Rockhampton (QDNR 2000; Queensland Herbarium 2009a; Rye 1990). The extent of occurrence of this species is about 1000 km² (QDNR 2000).

The species occurs where the average, annual rainfall is around 700 mm and at an altitudinal range of around 30–150 m (Queensland Herbarium 2009a).

Pimelea leptospermoides is recorded from 11 locations in (Pollock 2001; QDNR 2000; Queensland Herbarium, 2009a):

  • Aricia State Forest
  • Princhester Conservation Park
  • State Forest (SF) 61 and SF 114 (Lake Learmouth).

Ex situ population

The species is grown at the Australian National Botanic Gardens in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (CHABG 1994).

Pimelea leptospermoides is restricted to stony ridges, slopes and flats in sandy clay soils derived from serpentine. Serpentine soils have toxic levels of various metals and a general deficiency of the plant macro-nutrients. The species is found in most vegetation communities on serpentine soils, but not in riverine forests on black clays or dry rainforest on stony red and brown clay-loams and clays (QDNR 2000).

Pimelea leptospermoides typically occurs in open Eucalyptus fibrosa subsp. fibrosaCorymbia xanthope woodland, often with a shrubby understorey including Xanthorrhoea johnsonii, Macrozamia serpentina and Acacia species (Queensland Herbarium 2009a; Rye 1990). The species also occurs in (QDNR 2000):

  • tall to low open-forest, all with a grassy and/or heathy understorey
  • woodland with a Melaleuca bracteata understorey, where prolonged flooding occurs. 

Pimelea leptospermoides has been recorded flowering throughout the year, with peak flowering from May to October (Queensland Herbarium 2009a). The flowers are bisexual or male (Rye 1990).

The species regenerates after disturbance along roadsides, and after tree-fall and fire (Pollock 2001; QDNR 2000).

This species actively accumulates large amounts of nickel (QDNR 2000).

Species distinctiveness

Pimelea leptospermoides has previously been mistaken for P. umbratica (Queensland Herbarium 1999 pers. comm.). P. leptospermoides can be distinguished from P. umbratica by the presence of lateral veins on the leaves (TSSC 2008sr).

Species detectability

Eucalyptus fibrosa subsp. fibrosa and Corymbia xanthope are indicators of serpentine soil within the species range. These two species commonly co-occur with Pimelea leptospermoides (QDNR 2000).

Known threats

Broadscale clearing of serpentine derived soils on flats and plains occurs mostly through mining and for pasture improvement (Pollock 2001). These activities have the potential to destroy a significant proportion of this locally common plant. Impacts from mining may increase due to the increasing interest in open cut mining of serpentine deposits in central Queensland (Batianoff et al. 2000).

The species is perceived to be mildly poisonous and distasteful to cattle, and chemical control of the shrub by graziers is also considered a threat. Given that the species appears to regenerate after disturbance along roadsides and following tree-falls, the effect of sensitive timber harvesting may only be minimal (Pollock 2001; QDNR 2000).

Potential threats

Potential threats to this species may include inappropriate fire regimes and destruction of habitat by timber harvesting and related forestry operations (Pollock 2001). A draft species management profile was developed by Pollock (2001) for foresters, forest resource managers and forest planners to implement strategies for the amelioration of impacts during forest operations.

Whilst no populations are managed for the conservation of this species (TSSC 2012ay), the Commonealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides (TSSC 2008sr) is accessible at the start of the profile.

Management documents relevant to Pimelea leptospermoides are at the start of the profile.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Pimelea leptospermoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rg) [Internet].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008sr) [Conservation Advice].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008sr) [Conservation Advice].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Pimelea leptospermoides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rg) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008sr) [Conservation Advice].

Batianoff, G.N., V.J. Neldner & S. Singh (2000). Vascular Plant Census and floristic analysis of serpentine landscapes in central Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 109:1-30.

Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2012). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from:

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from:

Pollock, A.B. (2001). Species Management Profile for Pimelea leptospermoides. Queensland Department of Natural Resources.

Queensland Department of Natural Resources (Qld DNR) (2000). Species Management Manual. Forest and Fauna Conservation and Ecology Section, Queensland Department of Natural Resouces.

Queensland Herbarium (1999). Personal communication.

Queensland Herbarium (2009a). Pimelea leptospermoides specimen label information. Viewed 7 September 2009.

Rye, B.L. (1990). Thymelaeaceae. In: Flora of Australia. 18:122-215. Canberra: AGPS.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2008sr). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides. [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from:

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2012ay). Commonwealth Listing Advice on Pimelea leptospermoides. [Online]. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Canberra, ACT: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Available from:

Threlfall, S (1982). The Genus Pimelea (Thymelaeaceae) in Eastern Mainland Australia. Brunonia. 5(2):113-201.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pimelea leptospermoides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Sun, 21 Sep 2014 09:13:03 +1000.