In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ammobium craspedioides (Yass Daisy) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008afx) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Ammobium craspedioides |
|Reference||Flora Australiensis 3 (5 Jan. 1867) 584.|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
Scientific name: Ammobium craspedioides
Common name: Yass Daisy
Conventionally accepted as Ammobium craspedioides (CHAH 2010).
The Yass Daisy is a perennial herb that bears yellow, hemispherical button-shaped flowerheads, 10–20 mm wide, with one flowerhead per stem. The flowers are surrounded by straw-coloured papery leaf-like structures, known as bracts, with the stems usually 30–60 cm high, sparsely leafed and edged with narrow 'wings'. Leaves are spoon-shaped, 3–12 cm long, 10–17 mm wide, hairy on top and woolly underneath, and forming a rosette shape. Rosettes die off after fruiting (Harden 1992; NSW DECC 2005an; NSW NPWS 1999ji).
Yass Daisy is known from near Crookwell on the southern tablelands to near Wagga Wagga on the south western slopes, New South Wales (Harden 1992; NSW DECC 2005an; NSW NPWS 1999ji).
Most populations of the Yass Daisy occur in the Yass District, at Lake Burrinjuck, Bookham, Rye Park and Dalton. A small population exists in Livingstone National Park, about 30 km south of Wagga Wagga (Burrows 1999a). Other populations are found in Bigga, north of Crookwell and Tumut (RACAC 1995). Vegetation surveys for the proposed Conroys Gap wind farm found a sizeable population of a few hundred plants on private property near McCullums Creek (McPherson 2006).
Yass Daisy occurs in dry forest, box gum woodland and secondary grassland derived from clearing of these communities. It grows in association with a large range of eucalypts including Blakely's Red Gum (Eucalyptus blakelyi), Apple Box (E. bridgesiana), Broad-leaved Peppermint (E. dives), Long-leaved Box (E. goniocalyx), Red Stringybark (E. macrorhyncha), Brittle Gum (E. mannifera), Yellow Box (E. melliodora), Red Box (E. polyanthemos) and Candlebark (E. rubida). The species tolerates light grazing, as populations persist in some grazed sites. Also, some sites occur in a number of cemeteries that are mown or slashed (Harden 1992; NSW DECC 2005an; NSW NPWS 1999ji).
The distribution of this species overlaps with the following EPBC Act listed threatened ecological communities:
- White Box-Yellow Box-Blakely's Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland
- Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands of NSW and the Australian Capital Territory.
Flowering occurs in October–November (NSW NPWS 1999ji). The leaves shrivel in summer after fruiting, and the plants survive on below-ground storage material, resprouting with autumn rains (NSW DECC 2005an; NSW NPWS 1999ji).
The main identified threats to Yass Daisy are agricultural and infrastructure development; intensification of grazing regimes; destruction of plants by Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus); weed invasion, including pasture grasses, Serrated Tussock (Nassella trichotoma), Scotch Thistle (Onopordum acanthium) and St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum); road widening and re-routing; poorly located and poorly drained trails; and inappropriate mowing or slashing in cemetery sites where this species occurs (Harden Shire Council 2004; NSW DECC 2005an; NSW NPWS 2006p; SKM 2006).
The following actions have been identified to assist in protecting the species (NSW DECC 2005an):
- Protect known populations from changes to land use.
- Do not undertake road works, pasture modification or other changes in land use that may affect populations.
- Do not increase grazing pressures on sites where populations persist - reduce grazing pressures where possible.
- Undertake weed control in and adjacent to populations, taking care to spray or dig out only target weeds.
- Maintain traditional cemetery mowing regimes, taking care not to mow during the species' active period in spring and summer.
- Mark sites and potential habitat onto maps (of the farm, shire, region, etc) used for planning (e.g. road works, residential and infrastructure developments, remnant protection, rehabilitation).
- Search for new populations in potential habitat.
Refer to the Commonwealth Conservation Advice (TSSC 2010afx) for information on research priorities and recovery priority actions to mitigate threats including habitat loss, disturbance and modification; weeds; and trampling, browsing and grazing. Raising awareness of the species and enabling recovery of additional populations are also encouraged in the Advice.
The following documents provide management priorities that will assist in protecting the Yass Daisy:
- Threat Abatement Plan for Competition and Land Degradation by Feral Rabbits (EA 1999c)
- Livingstone National Park Management Plan (NSW NPWS 2006p)
- Draft National Recovery Plan for White Box-Yellow Box-Blakely's Red Gum Woodlands and derived Native Grasslands (NSW DECCW 2010j)
- Wee Jasper Reserve draft Plan of Management (NSW NPWS 2007b).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ammobium craspedioides (Yass Daisy) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008afx) [Conservation Advice].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing modified pastures and associated habitat changes||Ammobium craspedioides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bq) [Internet].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Wood and Pulp Plantations:Habitat destruction due to forestry activities||Ammobium craspedioides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bq) [Internet].|
|Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Mechanical disturbance during construction, maintanance or recreational activities||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ammobium craspedioides (Yass Daisy) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008afx) [Conservation Advice].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit)||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ammobium craspedioides (Yass Daisy) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008afx) [Conservation Advice].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Nassella trichotoma (Serrated Tussock, Yass River Tussock, Yass Tussock, Nassella Tussock (NZ))|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort, Common St John's Wort, Perforate St John's Wort, St John's Grass, St John's Blood, Klamath Weed, Witch's Herb, Devil's Flight, Tipton Weed, Gammock, Goatsbeard, Goatweed, Herb John, Penny John, Rosin Rose, Touch and Heal)|
|Onopordum spp. (Scotch Thistle, Heraldic Thistle, Cotton Thistle, Woolly Thistle, Cardo-bastardo, Stemless Thistle, Horse Thistle, Stemless Onopordon, Illyrian Thistle)|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds|
|Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads|
Burrows, G.E. (1999a). A survey of 25 remnant vegetation sites in the South Western Slopes, New South Wales. Cunninghamia. 6(2):283-314.
Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/.
Environment Australia (EA) (1999c). Threat Abatement Plan for Competition and Land Degradation by Feral Rabbits. [Online]. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/rabbits08.html.
Harden Shire Council (2004). State of the Environment 2004 Report. [Online]. Available from: http://www.envcomm.act.gov.au/soe/soe2004/Harden/index.htm.
Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1992). Flora of New South Wales Volume 3. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.
McPherson, P. (2006). Proposed development of a wind farm at Conroys Gap, New South Wales. Environmental Assessment. Attachment 6 - Biodiversity. [Online]. Bega, NSW: nghenvironmental. Available from: http://www.epuron.com.au/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-786/.
NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW DECC) (2005an). Yass Daisy - profile. [Online]. Available from: http://threatenedspecies.environment.nsw.gov.au/tsprofile/profile.aspx?id=10043.
NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2010j). Draft National Recovery Plan for White Box - Yellow Box - Blakely's Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland. Sydney, NSW: DECCW.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (1999ji). Threatened Species of South-eastern New South Wales - Riverina Highlands. Hurstville: NSW NPWS.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2006p). Livingstone National Park Draft plan of management. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/parkmanagement/LivingstoneNpMgmtplanDraft.htm.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2007b). Wee Jasper Nature Reserve Draft Plan of Management. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/pom_draft_Wee_Jasper.pdf.
Resource and Conservation Assessment Council (RACAC) (1995). Terms of the Threatened Species Licence for the Tumut Sub-Region of The Southern Region. [Online]. Available from: http://www.racac.nsw.gov.au/rfa/pdf/tumut_tsl.pdf.
Sinclair Knight Merz (SKM) (2006). Ecological Impact Assessment: Hume Highway Duplication Sturt Highway to Tarcutta, Kyeamba Hill and Little Billabong. [Online]. Available from: http://www.rta.nsw.gov.au/constructionmaintenance/downloads/hume_duplication/humehwyreferral_attachment_c.pdf.
Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2008afx). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ammobium craspedioides (Yass Daisy). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/20758-conservation-advice.pdf.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Ammobium craspedioides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 18 Sep 2014 03:54:10 +1000.