Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens (Spiky Adenanthos) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008al) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
WA:Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20 (Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates, 1995) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list)
Scientific name Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens [19429]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Meisn.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Nelson, E.C. (1978) A taxonomic revision of the genus Adenanthos (Proteaceae). Brunonia 1(3): 350, fig. 11 (map). [autonym]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://florabase.dec.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/12021

This Adenanthos is an erect shrub to 3 m with deep pink flowers (Nelson 1978, 1995). Rigid leaves are circular in cross-section and usually divided into three pointed segments (Brown et al.).

This species occurs in widely scattered localities, including Hamilla Hill Reserve, east of Cranbrook in the Southern Wheatbelt district, and on adjacent hills of western Stirling Ranges, south-western WA. Also collected west of Pingrup (Chinocup). Specific localities at which specimens of this taxon have been collected include: Hedge Hill, near Donnelly Peak, Stirling Range; c. 13 km east of Cranbrook; Hamilla Hill, Cranbrook; Reserve 28.395, west of Pingrup (Nelson 1978, 1995). In 1880, a collection from 'toward Tone River' was made east of Manjimup, but this population has not been relocated (Brown et al. 1998).

In 1973, and again in 1982, collectors noted that the Hamilla Hills population was severely affected by dieback. In August 1993, it had regenerated densely from seed after a fire (3-4 years previously). At that time the population in the Hamilla Hills numbered more than 2500 plants. In an adjacent unburnt thicket there were a few old prostrate plants and the scattered remains of many long dead plants. It is possible that these plants had senesced (aged) naturally, in the shade of the much taller associated shrubs (Robinson & Coates 1995).

In the open situation at Lake Chinocup, older plants persist. In 1991 the population at Chinocup comprised more than 1000 plants (Robinson & Coates 1995).

Within Stirling Range National Park, this species grows in shallow, rocky pink soil over pink sandstone, in dense scrub of Kunzea montana and Banksia oreophila (Nelson 1978; Robinson & Coates 1995; Brown et al. 1998). West of Pingrup (at Chinocup), it has been collected on gypsum dunes (Nelson 1995).

The plants lack a lignotuber. Flowering occurs Aug. to Nov. (Nelson 1978, 1995). This taxon regenerates from seed after fire. Following a 1989 fire the Hamilla Hills population regenerated densely from seed, and plants reached 1.5 m and were flowering within 3-4 years (Brown et al. 1998).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens (Spiky Adenanthos) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008al) [Conservation Advice].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat modification, destruction and alteration due to changes in land use patterns Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens (Spiky Adenanthos) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008al) [Conservation Advice].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bc) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens (Spiky Adenanthos) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008al) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bc) [Internet].
Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009w) [Threat Abatement Plan].

Australian National Botanic Gardens (ANBG) (2004a). What's Its Name. [Online]. Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/fwhat.

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Nelson, E.C. (1978). A taxonomic revision of Adenanthos (Proteaceae). Brunonia. 1(3):303-406.

Nelson, E.C. (1995). Adenanthos. In: Orchard, A.E. & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 16:318-342. ABRS, Canberra/CSIRO, Melbourne.

Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates (1995). Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20. [Online]. Como, Western Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Adenanthos pungens subsp. pungens in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Mon, 22 Sep 2014 18:52:19 +1000.