Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Critically Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice for Lepidodactylus listeri (Christmas Island Gecko) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2014c) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, the Threatened Species Scientific Committee recommended that there should be a recovery plan for this species as stopping decline and supporting recovery will involve a complex set of recovery actions requiring a high level of planning and coordination (6/3/2013).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for Reduction in Impacts of Tramp Ants on Biodiversity in Australia and its Territories (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006p) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Survey guidelines for Australia's threatened reptiles. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.6 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2011m) [Admin Guideline].
 
Information Sheets Final Report of the Christmas Island Expert Working Group to the Minister for the Environment Protection, Heritage and the Arts (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2010a) [Information Sheet].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth) (148) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2014) [Legislative Instrument].
 
Non-statutory Listing Status
IUCN: Listed as Vulnerable (Global Status: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2013.1 list)
Scientific name Lepidodactylus listeri [1711]
Family Gekkonidae:Squamata:Reptilia:Chordata:Animalia
Species author (Boulenger, 1889)
Infraspecies author  
Reference  
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

A brown reptile growing to 5cm with a broad, pale fawn/grey vertebral stripe which expands to cover the top of the head and matches the colour and pattern of the tail, scattered darker-brown flecks/blotches on the back, whitish belly and body covered with small, smooth scales (Cogger 2000).

Known only from Christmas Island, where it has been found to be most abundant on the plateau area, is least abundant on the terraces, and is absent from mined areas (including revegetated areas) (Cogger et al. 1983). Only occurs within Christmas I. NP (Cogger et al. 1993).

Generic level taxonomy based on Kluge (1966) and Brown & Parker (1977), who recognised 12 and 13 species respectively. Distinguished from other members of the genus (except Lepidodactylus manni which is restricted to Fiji) by sub-digital lamellae undivided or at most shallowly notched, and fewer than 15 pre-anal pores in males (Cogger et al. 1983).

Most abundant in primary rainforest on the plateau, but also occurs in disturbed plateau habitat including secondary forest growth. Least abundant on terraces and absent from mined areas. Does not utilise areas revegetated after mining activities (Cogger et al. 1983).

Eats a broad spectrum of small invertebrates, with termites, small beetles, bugs and slaters predominating. Distribution on the island is unlikely to be limited by prey type or diversity (Cogger et al. 1983).

A bisexual species with an adult sex ratio that did not differ from unity in 34 individuals (Cogger et al. 1983). Reproduction apparently occurs year-round, based on the simultaneous occurrance of hatchlings, juveniles, and adults, and on temporal variation in egg maturation (Cogger & Sadlier 1981; Cogger et al. 1983). Clutches consist of two eggs and have been found under bark and on trunks of living rainforest trees (Cogger et al. 1983).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation The Action Plan for Australian Reptiles (Cogger, H.G., E.E. Cameron, R.A. Sadlier & P. Eggler, 1993) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Decline in habitat quality National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Felis catus (Cat, House Cat, Domestic Cat) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Rattus rattus (Black Rat, Ship Rat) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Anoplolepis gracilipes (Yellow Crazy Ant, Gramang Ant, Long-legged Ant, Maldive Ant) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation Lycodon aulicus (Wolf Snake, Common Wolf Snake, Asian Wolf Snake) National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Presence of pathogens and resulting disease National Recovery Plan for Lister's Gecko Lepidodactylus listeri and the Christmas Island Blind Snake Typhlops exocoeti (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2006s) [Recovery Plan].

Brown, W.C. & F. Parker (1977). Lizards of the genus Lepidodactylus (Gekkonidae) from the Indo-Australian Archipelago and the islands of the Pacific, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Californian Academy of Sciences. (4) 41 (8):253-265. N/A.

Cogger, H. & R. Sadlier (1981). The Terrestrial Reptiles of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Australian Museum. Australian Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra.

Cogger, H.G. (2000). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia - 6th edition. Sydney, NSW: Reed New Holland.

Cogger, H.G. & R.A. Sadlier (2000). The terrestrial reptiles of Christmas Island - a reappraisal of their status. Australian Museum. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Cogger, H.G., E.E. Cameron, R.A. Sadlier & P. Eggler (1993). The Action Plan for Australian Reptiles. [Online]. Canberra, ACT: Australian Nature Conservation Agency. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/action/reptiles/index.html.

Cogger, H.G., R.A. Sadlier & E.E. Cameron (1983). The terrestrial reptiles of Australia's island territories.:50-52. ANPWS. ANPWS, Canberra.

Kluge, A.G. (1966). Phylogenetic relationships of the Gekkonid lizard genera Lepidodactylus Fitzinger, Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, and Pseudogekko Taylor. Philippine Journal of Science. 95 (3):331-352. N/A.

O'Dowd, D.J., P.T. Green, & P.S. Lake (1999). Status, impact and recommendations for research and management of exotic invasive ants in Christmas Island National Park. Centre for Analysis and Management of Biological Invasions, Monash University.

Rumpff, H. (1992). Distribution, population structure, and ecological behaviour of the introduced South-East Asian Wolf Snake Lycodon aulicus capuncinus on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean.

. ANPWS. Canberra: ANPWS.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Lepidodactylus listeri in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 23 Jul 2014 20:46:51 +1000.