Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Tephrosia leveillei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agl) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list)
Scientific name Tephrosia leveillei [16946]
Family Fabaceae:Fabales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Domin
Infraspecies author  
Reference Beiträge zur Flora und Pflanzengeographie Australiens (Oct. 1926) 747 [= Bibliotheca Botanica Heft 89 (Oct. 1926) 193].
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific Name: Tephrosia leveillei

Tephrosia leveillei is a perennial herb growing to around 30 cm in height with stalk-less leaves. The herb has 5–9 narrowly oblong-elliptic opposite leaflets that are approximately 1.75–3 cm long and 4–7 mm wide (terminal leaflets being on average 1.5 times larger than the others). Flowers are solitary or paired on leaf axils. The calyx (sepals) is nearly 5 mm long and densely hairy, with the lower lobes longer than the upper lobes. The corolla (collective petals) is present only on juveniles and is shorter than the calyx. The pod is linear 3–3.5 cm long and 5 mm wide and hairy. There are usually 6 seeds contained in the pod and these are approximately 3.5 mm long (TSSC 2008agl)

There are six known Tephrosia leveillei collections from north-east Queensland over a range of 400 km (Queensland Herbarium 2008b). Little is known about the species, including the population sizes (TSSC 2008agl). Collection have been made from the following locations (Domin 1926; Queensland Herbarium 2008b):

  • Almaden (1901)
  • between Chillagoe and Walsh River in (1910)
  • near Ravenswood (1931)
  • Mt Fox (1949)
  • 35 km south-west of Mt Garnet (1999)
  • 2.4 km east of Chudleigh Park Homestead (2001).

Tephrosia leveillei's extent of occurrence is approximately 400 km² (TSSC 2008agl).

The species is closely related to Tephrosia flagellaris, and taxonomic work is still required to determine the relationship between the entities (TSSC 2008vt).

Habitat where Tephrosia leveillei has been recorded include (TSSC 2008agl):

  • Cullen's Ironbark (Eucalyptus cullenii) woodland on alluvial plains
  • Gum-topped Bloodwood (Corymbia erythrophloia) and Cooktown Ironwood (Erythrophleum chlorostachys) woodland with Bushman's Clothes-peg (Grevillea glauca)
  • Eucalyptus spp. and Corymvia spp. tall open forest over dense Bunch Spear-grass (Heteropogon contortus) on red sand
  • along the railway track in Ravenswood.

Tephrosia leveillei flowers in December and January and fruits in December and June (Queensland Hebarium 2008b).

Tephrosia leveillei resembles T. eriocarpa (from north-west Queensland and the Northern Territory) in having spreading hairs on branchlets and leaflets, and having the terminal leaflet about 1.5 times as long as the laterals. However, T. leveillei differs from T. eriocarpa in having purplish veins prominent on the lower surface of leaflets (Pedley 2001 pers. comm.).

There are no threats identified for the species (TSSC 2008agl).

Management documents relevant to Tephrosia leveillei are at the start of the profile.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Protected status:Protected status:Lack of secure conservation land tenure Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Tephrosia leveillei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agl) [Conservation Advice].
Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Tephrosia leveillei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agl) [Conservation Advice].

Domin, K. (1926). Beiträge zur Flora und Pflanzengeographie Australiens. Bibliotheca Botanica. 89(4):741-840.

Pedley, L. (2001). Personal Communication.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2008agl). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Tephrosia leveillei. [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from:

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Tephrosia leveillei in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Sat, 20 Sep 2014 12:32:33 +1000.