Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea venosa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008er) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Review of the Threatened Species Conservation Act Flora Schedules: Recommendations to the Scientific Committee: Final Summary Report December 2002 (Hogbin, P., 2002) [Report].
NSW:Bolivia Hill Pimelea - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005jg) [Internet].
NSW:Pimelea venosa Threatened Species Information (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS), 1999bq) [Information Sheet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013)
Scientific name Pimelea venosa [16385]
Family Thymelaeaceae:Myrtales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Threlfall
Infraspecies author  
Reference Brunonia 5: 196 (26 Jan. 1983).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Pimelea venosa is a dense, hairy erect shrub, growing to 2 m high with white flowers (Harden 1990; Hunter & Earl 1999; Threlfall 1983).

This species is known only from near Bolivia (Rye 1990; Threlfall 1983), between Deepwater and Tenterfield, on the NSW Northern Tablelands. The species has been recorded at or near Bluff Rock, Bolivia Hill and Little Bolivia Hill (NSW NPWS 1999m). The species has not been recorded in a conservation reserve (Briggs & Leigh 1996).

The granite region N of Deepwater between Bolivia Hill NR and Bluff Rock was searched in Feb. 1999 (Hunter & Earle 1999). This area includes all herbarium record sites (NSW NPWS 1999m), however no individuals were located (Hunter & Earl 1999; NSW NPWS 1999m).

Little information has been gathered about this species since the mid 1980s (NSW NPWS 1999m). The most recent records are from 1996 at two sites. The first site is adjacent to a primary vehicle track running through Bolivia Hill NR, on the southern side of Bolivia Hill (Moresley pers. comm. in Hunter & Earl 1999). The second site is an area adjacent to the rail and road easements that now demarcate the western boundary of the nature reserve (Hunter & Earl 1999).

The species grows on granite outcrops among granite boulders (Harden 1990; NSW NPWS 1999m; Rye 1990) in skeletal (NSW NPWS 1999m) or black sandy soil (NSW NPWS 1999m; Rye 1990). The associated vegetation is open woodland dominated by Eucalyptus species, with an understorey of Xanthorrhoea and Solanum species (NSW NPWS 1999m).

The habitats at the two potential Pimelea venosa sites are quite distinct:
Site 1: Woodland close to an E-W running gully, on the southern side of Bolivia Hill. The understorey is dominated by Pteridium esculentum (Bracken Fern) and scattered with large granite boulders.
Site 2: The vegetation ranges from relatively more open woodland to shrubland to open grassland, on the western side of Bolivia Hill along the western reserve boundary, bordering the area of the train easement (Hunter & Earl 1999).

The flowers are bisexual (Harden 1990) and borne from Oct. to Dec. (Rye 1990).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Pimelea venosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rh) [Internet].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Pimelea venosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rh) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) The threat posed by pest animals to biodiversity in New South Wales (Coutts-Smith, A.J., P.S. Mahon, M. Letnic & P.O. Downey, 2007) [Management Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species Pimelea venosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rh) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Pimelea venosa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008er) [Conservation Advice].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Pimelea venosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rh) [Internet].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Pimelea venosa in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rh) [Internet].

Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from:

Harden, G.J. (ed) (1990). Flora of New South Wales. Volume One. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

Hunter, J.T. & J. Earl (1999). Field Survey to Determine the Locations and Distribution of the Threatened Plant Pimelea venosa Threlfall.

NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service (NPWS) (1999m). Threatened Species Information. Pimelea spinosa. [Online]. Hurstville: NSW NPWS. Available from:

Rye, B.L. (1990). Thymelaeaceae. In: Flora of Australia. 18:122-215. Canberra: AGPS.

Threlfall, S (1982). The Genus Pimelea (Thymelaeaceae) in Eastern Mainland Australia. Brunonia. 5(2):113-201.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Pimelea venosa in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Sun, 20 Apr 2014 03:35:43 +1000.