Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Leucopogon confertus
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon confertus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008rl) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement advice for predation, habitat degradation,competition and disease transmission by feral pigs (2013) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2014p) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Threat Abatement Plan for competition and land degradation by unmanaged goats (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2008ada) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Leucopogon confertus.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Leucopogon confertus - profile (NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW DECC), 2005z) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): August 2014 list) as Leucopogon confertus
Scientific name Leucopogon confertus [14417]
Family Epacridaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Benth.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Flora Australiensis 4 (16 Dec. 1868) 208.
Other names Styphelia conferta [49251]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Leucopogon confertus

Common name: Torrington Beard-heath

Leucopogon sp. Coolmunda (D.Halford Q 1635) was previously included with L. confertus (Forster & Bean 1990; Halford 1996f). The two species are now recognised as distinct (Halford 1996f).

The Torrington Beard-heath is a small shrub with hairy stems. Its bristly, toothed leaves are 5–7.5 mm long and 0.8–1.4 mm wide, sometimes with hairy edges, and clasp the stem towards the ends of the branches. The undersides of the leaves are striped and finely hairy. The white flowers have long, soft, weak or shaggy hairs (NSW DECC 2005z).

The Torrington Beard-heath has not been located recently and may be extinct. The only collection record occurred along Silent Grove Road, near Torrington, in the Northern Tablelands, NSW (Harden 1992). The collection occurred within the Border Rivers-Gwydir Natural Resource Management Region (TSSC 2008rl).

In 1998, stunted Leucopogon attenuatus plants were collected in the Torrington State Recreation Area and were incorrectly identified as the Torrington Beard-heath (Copeland 2002). Repeated searches of the original collection location have not revealed any more plants, and the species could be extinct (Copeland 2002).

The Torrington Beard-heath was found in open forest and woodland rocky granite areas (NSW DECC 2005z). The original collection may have overlapped with the 'White Box-Yellow Box-Blakelys Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland' ecological community, which is listed as Critically Endangered under the EPBC Act.

The flowering and fruiting period of the Torrington Beard-heath is unknown (Harden 1992).

No known populations of the Torrington Beard-heath are known, and thus threats have not been identified. This species was very rare prior to the introduction of most threats (Copeland 2002). Potential threats along Silent Grove Road include occasional roadworks; mining disturbance; habitat disturbance by feral goats (Capra hircus) and pigs (Sus scrofa); dieback caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi; land clearing; and inappropriate fire regimes (NSW DECC 2005z; TSSC 2008rl).

The Conservation Advice for Leucopogon confertus (TSSC 2008rl) and the NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW DECC 2005z) outline a number of priority actions, and include:

  • Determine whether the Torrington Beard-heath occurs at its original collection site.
  • Undertake survey work in suitable habitat and potential habitat to locate any occurrences.
  • If a population is found, design and implement a monitoring program and assess population size, distribution, ecological requirements and impacts of threatening processes.
  • If a population is found, undertake seed germination and/or vegetative propagation trials to determine the requirements for successful establishment.
  • Ensure road widening and maintenance activities (or other infrastructure or development activities as appropriate), in areas where the Torrington Beard-heath may occur, do not adversely impact on the species.
  • If a population is found, investigate formal conservation arrangements such as the use of covenants, conservation agreements or inclusion in reserve tenure.
  • Develop and implement a management plan for the control and eradication of feral pigs and goats in the local area and Torrington State Conservation Area.
  • Develop and implement a suitable fire management strategy in areas where the Torrington Beard-heath may occur.
  • Raise awareness of the Torrington Beard-heath within the local community, especially among landholders.
  • If plants are found, investigate the feasability and appropriateness of a translocation program.
  • Assess potential habitat areas and protect areas of open forest and woodland in rocky areas.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon confertus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008rl) [Conservation Advice].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Leucopogon confertus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006nf) [Internet].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon confertus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008rl) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon confertus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008rl) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) Leucopogon confertus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006nf) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon confertus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008rl) [Conservation Advice].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Leucopogon confertus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006nf) [Internet].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Leucopogon confertus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006nf) [Internet].

Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH) (2005p). Threat Abatement Plan for Predation, Habitat Degradation, Competition and Disease Transmission by Feral Pigs. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/pig.html.

Copeland, L. (2002). Unpublished data.

Environment Australia (EA) (1999d). Threat Abatement Plan for Competition and Land Degradation by Feral Goats. [Online]. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/goats08.html.

Environment Australia (EA) (2001m). Threat Abatement Plan for Dieback Caused by the Root-rot Fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/phytophthora.html.

Forster, P.I. & A.R. Bean (1990). The conservation coding of Leucopogon confertus Benth. (Epacridaceae). Queensland Naturalist. 30(1-2):35.

Halford, D. (1996f). Conservation statement and draft recovery plan for Leucopogon sp. (Coolmunda D.Halford Q1635) Epacridaceae.

Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1992). Flora of New South Wales Volume 3. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW DECC) (2003). Torrington State Conservation Area. [Online]. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/pomFinalTorrington.pdf.

NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW DECC) (2005z). Leucopogon confertus - profile. [Online]. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Available from: http://www.threatenedspecies.environment.nsw.gov.au/tsprofile/profile.aspx?id=10472.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2008rl). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon confertus. [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA). Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/14417-conservation-advice.pdf.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Leucopogon confertus in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 23 Sep 2014 18:21:14 +1000.