Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010o) [Recovery Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Approved NSW Recovery Plan Endiandra muelleri subsp. bracteata (Green-leaved Rose Walnut) and Endiandra hayesii (Rusty Rose Walnut) (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2004j) [State Recovery Plan].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list)
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list)
Scientific name Endiandra hayesii [13866]
Family Lauraceae:Laurales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Kosterm.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Reinwardtia 8: 81, fig. 35 (15 Dec. 1970).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Endiandra hayesii

Common name: Rusty Rose Walnut

Other names: Velvet Laurel

A medium sized, often crooked and buttressed rainforest tree, the Rusty Rose Walnut grows to approximately 20 m (NSW DECCW 2004j; Floyd 1989; Sheringham & Westaway 1995). The twigs of the Rusty Rose Walnut are cylindrical or fluted and are covered in straight and twisted, erect, pale-brown hairs, as is the green underside of the leaf. The leaf is elliptical or lance-shaped, 8.5–15.5 cm long with 5–9 pairs of primary veins. Inconspicuous cream to pale-green flowers occur in small clusters. The petals and sepals are similar and together form a sheath up to 3.2 mm long with hairs on both the inner and the outer surfaces. The fruits are black, slightly waxy, up to 30 mm long, with a single seed (NSW DECCW 2004j). The Rusty Rose Walnut has grey to grey-brown, slightly scaly bark that has a red to pinkish tinge underneath (Floyd 1989).

The Rusty Rose Walnut is endemic to Australia, occurring in a restricted area north from Maclean, on the lower Clarence River, NSW to Burleigh Heads, Queensland (Floyd 1989; Harden 1990; Hauser & Blok 1998; Hyland 1989; NSW Herbarium undated; Sheringham & Westaway 1995; Queensland Herbarium undated; Williams et al. 1984). In Queensland it occurs in Springbrook National Park (NP), Burleigh Heads and Tallebudgera. In NSW the species is known in the Nightcap NP, Border Ranges NP, Goonengerry NP, Mebbin NP, Mooball NP, Mount Jerusalem NP and Mount Warning NP. The species is also known from Minyon Falls Flora Reserve, Numinbah Nature Reserve (NR), Billinudgel NR, Brunswick Heads NR, Limpinwood NR and Snows Gully NR, as well as Rocky Creek in Whian Whian State Forest (SF), Wanganui, Tuckean Swamp, Pottsville, Mebbin SF, Tyalgum, North Tumbulgum and Bilambil (NSW DECCW 2004j; Floyd 1989; Hyland 1989; NSW NPWS 1995; Sheringham & Westaway 1995; Queensland Herbarium undated). Sheringham and Westaway (1995) also reported the species in Broken Head NR and Inner Pocket NR, NSW; however specimens given to the NSW Herbarium have been identified as E. muelleri ssp. bracteata (Floyd 2001).

The area of occupancy would be less than the extent of occurrence as much of the core areas where the species may have occurred are now cleared country (Queensland Herbarium 1999, pers. comm.).

The Rusty Rose Walnut is known from the following reserved estates in Queensland and NSW:

  • Springbrook National Park, Queensland
  • Nightcap NP,NSW
  • Border Ranges NP,NSW
  • Goonengerry NP, NSW
  • Mebbin NP,NSW
  • Mooball NP,NSW
  • Mount Jerusalem NP, NSW
  • Mount Warning NP, NSW
  • Minyon Falls Flora Reserve, NSW
  • Numinbah Nature Reserve (NR), NSW
  • Billinudgel NR, NSW
  • Brunswick Heads NR,NSW
  • Limpinwood NR, NSW
  • Snows Gully NR, NSW
  • the Rocky Creek area in Whian Whian State Forest, NSW
  • Mebbin National Park (formerly State Forest), NSW.

The Rusty Rose Walnut is a rainforest tree, occurring in cool, moist sheltered valleys and gullies; mostly lowland riverine notophyll to complex notophyll vineforest on sedimentary soils and alluvium (Barry & Thomas 1994; Floyd 1989; Harden 1990; Hyland 1989; Queensland Herbarium undated; Sheringham & Westaway 1995; Stanley & Ross 1983). The species has also been recorded at higher altitudes up to 720 m on basalt (BRI collection records; W.J.F.McDonald 2001, pers. comm.), and in Brush Box forests (NSW DECCW 2004j). The species occurs in regrowth and highly modified forms of these habitats (NSW DECCW 2004j).
The critically endangered Nightcap Oak (Eidothea hardeniana), the endangered Minyon Quandong (Elaeocarpus sp. "Rocky Creek"), the endangered Davidson's Plum (Davidsonia jerseyana) and the endangered Spiny Gardenia (Randia moorei) are amongst the very rare and restricted rainforest trees that may occur in habitat with the Rusty Rose Walnut. The NSW listed Endangered Ecological Community Lowland Rainforest on Floodplain also occurs at the Brunswick Heads site of the Rusty Rose Walnut (NSW DECCW 2004j).

Flowers have been recorded on the Rusty Rose Walnut in spring (Stanley & Ross 1983) and in March, October and November, with fruits recorded in March and May (Floyd 1989; Hyland 1989). The seed germination period is unknown (Hyland 1989) and birds are suggested as the main dispersal agent for the species (NSW DECCW 2004j).

Threats to the habitat of the Rusty Rose Walnut include clearance and fragmentation (Sheringham & Westaway 1995). Disturbance at several sites in roadside reserves is known and these populations may be subject to ongoing threats (NSW DECCW 2004j). As a rainforest species the Rusty Rose Walnut is likely to be adversely affected by fire (NSW DECCW 2004j). Clearing also potentially increases weed invasion into adjoining habitat that may support the Rusty Rose Walnut. Weeds such as Lantana (Lantana camara) and Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora) compete with native species and can smother seedlings as they emerge (NSW DECCW 2004j). Lantana is an issue at Mount Warning and Mooball National Parks, and Camphor Laurel is a threat at Mooball National Park. As Lantana is recognized as a risk to biodiversity, especially rainforest vegetation or native species with low fire tolerance, due to its high flammability, this environmental weed may increase the fire risks to Rusty Rose Walnut populations (ARMCANZ 2001).

The NSW Department of Environment and Conservation (now DECCW) prepared a recovery plan for the Rusty Rose Walnut. This plan identified the need for further assessment of taxonomy to establish the differences between the Rusty Rose Walnut and the Green-leaved Rose Walnut; survey known and potential habitat for the species; advise landholders and fire management agencies of issues regarding the species; and weed control at known sites (NSW DECCW 2004j).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Decline in habitat quality Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Presence of pathogens and resulting disease Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010n) [State Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Residential and Commercial Development:Residential and Commercial Development:Habitat modification (clearance and degradation) due to urban development Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Endiandra hayesii (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ni) [Conservation Advice].

Barry, S.J. & G.T. Thomas (1994). Threatened Vascular Rainforest Plants of South-east Queensland: A Conservation Review. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage.

Environment & Conservation Council and Forestry Ministers (ARMCANZ) (2001). Weeds of National Significance Lantana (Lantana camara) Strategic Plan. National Weeds Strategy Executive Committee, Launceston.

Floyd, A.G. (1989). Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia. Melbourne: Inkata Press.

Floyd, A.G. (2001). BRI File 900E Email from Alex Floyd to Michelle Marshall.

Harden, G.J. (ed) (1990). Flora of New South Wales. Volume One. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

Hauser, J. & J. Blok (1998). Fragments of Green. Aust. Rainforest Conservation Society, Bardon, Qld.

Herbarium, N.S.W. (undated). New South Wales National Herbarium specimens.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1989). A revision of Lauraceae in Australia (excluding Cassytha). Australian Systematic Botany. 2:135-367. Melbourne: CSIRO.

McDonald, W.J.F. (2001). Personal Communication.

NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2004j). Approved NSW Recovery Plan Endiandra muelleri subsp. bracteata (Green-leaved Rose Walnut) and Endiandra hayesii (Rusty Rose Walnut). [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/nature/recoveryplanWalnutsDec04.pdf.

NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2010o). Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland. [Online]. Sydney South, New South Wales: Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/border-ranges-rainforest-biodiversity-management-plan.

NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service (1995). Vegetation Survey and Mapping of Upper North East New South Wales. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Queensland Herbarium (1999). Personal communication.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

Sheringham, P. & J. Westaway (1995). Significant Vascular Plants of Upper North East NSW: A report by the NSW NPWS for the Natural Resources Audit Council. NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service.

Stanley, T.D. & E.M. Ross (1983). Flora of south-eastern Queensland. Volume One. Brisbane, Queensland: Department of Primary Industries.

Williams, J.B., G.J. Harden & W.J.F. McDonald (1984). Trees and shrubs in rainforests of New South Wales and southern Queensland. Armidale, NSW: Botany Department, University of New England.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Endiandra hayesii in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sat, 30 Aug 2014 05:33:29 +1000.