Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice for Conostylis wonganensis (Wongan Conostylis) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2014bq) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, the approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats (29/04/2014).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Threatened flora of the Western Central Wheatbelt (Collins, J., 2009) [State Species Management Plan].
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
WA:Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora Largely Restricted to the Shire of Wongan-Ballidu (Stack, G., N. Willers, M. Fitzgerald & A. Brown, 2006) [State Species Management Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list)
Scientific name Conostylis wonganensis [10906]
Family Haemodoraceae:Liliales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Hopper
Infraspecies author  
Reference Nuytsia 4 (14 Oct. 1982) 17, fig. 1.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Wongan Conostylis is a tufted rhizomatous perennial in clumps to 10 cm wide, low growing to 17 cm high with hairy green leaves and creamy yellow flowers (Hopper 1982).

This species is found in the Wongan Hills/Manmanning district of WA (Hopper et al. 1987). It has the most geographically restricted distribution of any named Conostylis, with only a small number of existing plants known (Hopper 1982; Brown et al. 1998). About three small populations are known. One of the populations extends partially onto a NR whilst another occurs in uncleared tall heath surrounding a farm house on private land (Hopper et al. 1987).

Differs from C.teretiuscula in that the leaves are glabrous except for small densely pubescent marginal spines. Differs from C.dielsii in the glabrous leaf bases and in the flowering stems less than a third the length of the leaves (Hopper 1982).

Grows in yellow sand over clay or laterite, on high gradual slopes (Brown et al. 1998). It inhabits species-rich heath and mallee heath with emergent Pear-fruited Mallee, Eucalyptus pyriformis (Brown et al. 1998). Throughout the region it occurs as scattered plants (Hopper 1982).

Flowers are creamy yellow with flowering commencing in late July, peaking in Aug. and finishing in early Sept. Hopper (1982) stated that no information was available on the reproductive biology of the species. The genus consists of a mixture of insect and bird pollinated species (Holland et al. 1997b), but no particular information is available on the pollination of this species.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fz) [Internet].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fz) [Internet].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fz) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Habitat disturbance from recreational vehicle use Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fz) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fz) [Internet].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006fz) [Internet].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.

Graham, M. & M. Mitchell (2000). Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District. [Online]. Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Holland, E., K. Kershaw & A. Brown (1997b). Small-flowered Conostylis (Conostylis micrantha) Interim Recovery Plan 1996-1999. Wanneroo, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Hopper, S.D. (1982). A new species of Conostylis (Haemodoraceae) from the Wogan Hills district, Western Australia. Nuytsia. 4 no. 1:17-21. Western Australian Herbarium.

Hopper, S.D., R.W. Purdie, A.S. George & S.J. Patrick (1987). Conostylis. In: Flora of Australia. 45:57-110. Canberra, ACT: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Register of the National Estate Database (RNEDB) (2001). Register of the National Estate Database.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Conostylis wonganensis in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 25 Jul 2014 09:15:09 +1000.