Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan] as Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus.
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District (Graham, M. & M. Mitchell, 2000) [State Species Management Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Critically Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013) as Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus
Scientific name Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus [10742]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author  
Infraspecies author E.C.Nelson
Reference Nelson, E.C. (1978) A taxonomic revision of the genus Adenanthos (Proteaceae). Brunonia 1(3): 350, Fig. 11 [tax. nov.]
Other names Adenanthos pungens var. simplicifolius [36616]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos is a spreading shrub up to 3 m in diameter with hairy branchlets and rigid, sharply pointed leaves that are usually divided into 3 segments (Brown et al. 1998). Flowers are pale pink flushed with cream (Nelson 1978, 1995).

This species occurs near Cranbrook, Tambellup and Katanning, in the Southern Wheatbelt district of south-western WA.

A low undershrubs in undisturbed Banksia, Melaleuca and Regelia scrub, it grows in deep white sand (Nelson 1978, 1995; Brown et al. 1998).

Lacks a lignotuber and blooms profusely between Aug. and Nov. (Nelson 1978, 1995).

Lifespan in the field is estimated at about 30 years (Wrigley & Fagg 1989).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Ehrharta erecta (Panic Veldtgrass) Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006bb) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009w) [Threat Abatement Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Salinity Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Stress caused by rising water tables Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Habitat degradation caused by firebreak construction and/or maintenance Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Other Ecosystem Modifications:Changes in hydrology leading to rising water tables and dryland salinity Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Transportation and Service Corridors:Road and rail maintenance works Sprawling Spiky Adenanthos (Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus) National Recovery Plan (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009be) [Recovery Plan].

Australian National Botanic Gardens (ANBG) (2004a). What's Its Name. [Online]. Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/fwhat.

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Nelson, E.C. (1978). A taxonomic revision of Adenanthos (Proteaceae). Brunonia. 1(3):303-406.

Nelson, E.C. (1995). Adenanthos. In: Orchard, A.E. & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 16:318-342. ABRS, Canberra/CSIRO, Melbourne.

Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates (1995). Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20. Como, Western Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Adenanthos pungens subsp. effusus in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 16 Apr 2014 22:33:17 +1000.