In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable as Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla (Ironcaps Banksia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ir) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla.
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla |
|Reference||George, A.S. (1981) Nuytsia 3: 422, fig. 86|
|Other names||Banksia sphaerocarpa dolichostyla |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images
The Ironcaps Banksia is a shrub or small tree growing to 4 m and spreading to 4 m in diameter with golden/yellow flowers (George 1981, 1999; Hopper et al. 1990) and a dense canopy (Hopper et al. 1990).
This species occurs just to the east of the cleared southern wheatbelt in south-western WA. It grows between Mt Holland and South Ironcap, east of Hyden, on vacant Crown Land (Mollemans et al. 1993; Brown et al. 1998). Surveys carried out in 1989/90 showed seven populations totalling over 2,400 plants (see table below). By 1994 there were nine populations with a total of about 6,500 plants. The impact of a 1994 fire is not known (Brown et al. 1998).
Details of populations as in Mollemans et al. (1993):
|Population [as numbered by|
|Location||Land Status||Year of survey/|
number of plants
|1||Mt Holland||Vacant Crown Land/Water Reserve||1990 - 300||Barrow Pit Damage|
|2||N of Lake Cronin||Vacant Crown Land||1989 - 50+||Good|
|3||S of pop. 2||Vacant Crown Land||1989 - 400+||Good|
|4||North Ironcap||Vacant Crown Land||1989 - 100+||Good|
|5||Forrestania||Vacant Crown Land||1990 - 50+|
|6||South Ironcap||Vacant Crown Land||1990 - 1000+||Good - 1989; some damage by surveyors - 1990|
|7||SE of South Ironcap||Vacant Crown Land||1989 - 500+||Good|
This species has a preference for iron-capped hills and rises on ironstone (lateritic) soil profiles. It is found in low woodlands to low shrublands; associated plants include Dryandra and Allocasuarina species (George 1981; Patrick & Hopper 1982; Taylor & Hopper 1988; Hopper et al. 1990; Mollemans et al. 1993; George 1999). The annual rainfall in the region is 300 mm (George 1996b).
The species possesses a lignotuber and is fire tolerant (George 1996b; Brown et al. 1998). Flowering occurs from Mar.to May (George 1981; Patrick & Hopper 1982; Hopper et al. 1990; George 1996b, 1999). Bees, wasps and ants are recorded as pollinators (Taylor & Hopper 1988).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla (Ironcaps Banksia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ir) [Conservation Advice].|
|Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla (Ironcaps Banksia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ir) [Conservation Advice].|
|Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat modification through open cut mining/quarrying activities||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla (Ironcaps Banksia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008ir) [Conservation Advice].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds|
|Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality|
|Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Salinity|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)|
Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.
George, A.S. (1981). The genus Banksia L.f. (Proteaceae). Nuytsia. 3(3):239-473. Perth, Department of Agriculture.
George, A.S. (1996b). The Banksia Book. Sydney: SGAP.
George, A.S. (1999). Banksia. In: Orchard, A.E., H.S. Thompson & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 17B:175-251. Canberra: ABRS and Melbourne: CSIRO.
Hopper, S.D., S. van Leeuwen, A.P. Brown & S.J. Patrick (1990). Western Australia's Endangered Flora and other plants under consideration for declaration. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Consrvation and Land Management.
Mollemans, F.H., P.H. Brown & D.J. Coates (1993). Declared rare flora and other plants in need of special protection in the Merredin District (excluding the Wongan-Ballidu Shire). Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management.
Patrick, S.J. & S.D. Hopper (1982). Guide to the Gazetted Rare Flora of Western Australia: Supplement 1, Report No. 54. Page(s) 94 pp. Dept. of Fisheries & Wildlife, Perth.
Taylor, A. & S.D. Hopper (1988). The Banksia Atlas. In: Australian Flora and Fauna Series. 8. Canberra: AGPS.
Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Banksia sphaerocarpa var. dolichostyla in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 1 Oct 2014 14:19:47 +1000.